East Champaran district

Summary

East Champaran is an administrative district in the state of Bihar in India.The district headquarters are located at Motihari. Prior to 1971, there was a single district called "Champaran". On 1 December 1971, the district was divided into 2 parts (Purvi Champaran) East Champaran and (Paschimi Champaran) West Champaran. In early days the land of East Chamapran was ruled by different kingdoms as Videha, Sunga, Kanvas. It is also believed that Champaran used to be a major part of King Janak's empire. Mahatma Gandhi started his famous Satyagraha movement from here.

East Champaran district
Coat of arms of East Champaran district
Location of East Champaran district in Bihar
Location of East Champaran district in Bihar
Country India
StateBihar
DivisionTirhut
HeadquartersMotihari
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesPurvi Champaran, Paschim Champaran, Sheohar
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesRaxaul, Sugauli, Narkatiya, Harsidhi, Govindganj, Kesaria, Kalyanpur, Pipra, Madhuban, Motihari, Chiraia, Dhaka
Area
 • Total3,968 km2 (1,532 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total5,099,371
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy55.79 per cent
 • Sex ratio901
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
PIN
845401 (East Champaran)[1]
Vehicle registrationBR-05
Major highwaysNH 28A, NH 104
Average annual precipitation1241 mm
Websitehttp://eastchamparan.bih.nic.in/

About district

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East Champaran District is functioning from 2 November 1972. The headquarter of the district is at Motihari. It is situated at 26° 16′ to 27° 1′ North latitude and 84° 30′ to 85° 16′ East longitudes. Nepal makes its northern boundary, Sitamarhi and Sheohar eastern while Mehsi, Muzaffarpur South and with part of Gopalganj and West Champaran bounds it in western side.

The district occupies an area of 3969 km2 and has a population of 5,099,371 (as of 2011). East Champaran is a part of Tirhut Division[2] (Tirhut). It was earlier part of the Red Corridor.

As of 2011, it is the second most populous district of Bihar (out of 38), after Patna.[3]

East Champaran is the second most crowded district of Bihar. The district gets its name from the union of two words, champa and aranya. Champa alludes to scented blossom trees and Aranya alludes to the home or an encased spot. The name began back in when the district was encircled by a backwoods of magnolia (champa) trees.

Tourist Places

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Someshwar Nath Mandir, Areraj

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Someshwar Nath Mahadev Mandir is a well established temple situated in Areraj. The significant divinity of the heavenly temple is of Lord Shiva. Explorers and pilgrims of Lord Shiva go to the holy place from India as well as from Nepal. The merriments on the event of an occasional reasonable known as Shrawani Mela, during July and August, are really pleasant. There are numerous different temples nearby around and thus just, Areraj is known as the holy place of East Champaran.

Ashokan Pillar

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Ashoka Pillar

Ashokan Pillar is situated in Lauria Nandangarh, or Lauriya Navandgarh which is a city or town around 14 km from Narkatiaganj and 28 km from Bettiah in West Champaran district of Bihar state in northern India. It is found near the banks of the Budhi Gandak River. Lauriya Nandangarh is a chronicled place which goes under West Champaran district of Bihar.

Kesariya

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Kesariya Baudha Stupa

Kesariya is arranged on the eastern banks of the river Gandak and views the enormous 104-feet-tall stupa, which is viewed as the tallest Buddhist stupa. In like manner, Kesariya orders conspicuous situations in East Champaran the travel industry just as history of Buddhism. The stupa was found in the year 1998.

Raxaul

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Raxaul is one of the most significant towns of the East Champaran district. By excellence of its topographical area, it is known as the Gateway to Nepal.

Moti Jheel

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Situated in the core of the Motihari city, Moti Jheel is the most excellent fascination of the city that isolates Motihari into two parts.

NREGA Park

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A lovely and beguiling spot to appreciate with loved ones.

Champaran in Gallary

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Gandhi Memorial

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Gandhi Memorial is situated in Chandrahiya town, On his visit to Champaran Gandji jee was stopped in this town. Chandrahiya is a town in Bihar's East Champaran district which is around 8 KM away from district headquarter Motihari.

Champaran Satyagrah Park

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The Champaran Satyagraha Shatabdi Park located at the district headquarter of East Champaran.The Park has been built by the Urban Development and Housing office. Neighborhood individuals appreciate the freshness of this park with family, relatives, friends on weekend and holidays.

George Orwell Monument

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The origin of perhaps the most commended scholars of the 20th century and the writer of a few acclaimed books, George Orwell.

Sitakund

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Found 16 Kms from Pipra Railway Station, Sitakund is acclaimed as where Goddess Sita took a heavenly plunge.

Geography

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The East Champaran district occupies an area of 3,968 square kilometres (1,532 sq mi),[4] comparatively equivalent to Vanuatu's Espiritu Santo.[5] Gandak, Burhi Gandak and Baghmati are important rivers flowing through this region.

 

Demographics

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Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
19011,027,835—    
19111,095,530+0.64%
19211,114,162+0.17%
19311,231,756+1.01%
19411,376,352+1.12%
19511,443,961+0.48%
19611,681,089+1.53%
19711,956,084+1.53%
19812,425,501+2.17%
19913,043,061+2.29%
20013,939,773+2.62%
20115,099,371+2.61%
source:[6]
Religions in East Champaran district (2011)[7]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
80.14%
Islam
19.42%
Other or not stated
0.44%

According to the 2011 census East Champaran district has a population of 5,099,371,[3] roughly equal to the United Arab Emirates[8] or the US state of Colorado.[9] This gives it a ranking of 21st in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 1,281 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,320/sq mi).[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 29.01%.[3] East Champaran has a sex ratio of 901 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 55.79%. 7.87% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 12.74% and 0.24% of the population respectively.[3]

Languages

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Languages in East Champaran district (2011)[10]

  Bhojpuri (82.67%)
  Urdu (7.33%)
  Hindi (7.06%)
  'Other' Hindi (2.58%)
  Bengali (0.26%)
  Others (0.1%)

According to the 2011 census, 82.67% of the population spoke Bhojpuri, 7.33% Urdu and 7.06% Hindi as their first language. 2.58% of the population spoke 'Others' under Hindi.[10]

Administrative divisions

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The East Champaran district is divided into 6 Tehsil (sub-division):

  1. Areraj
  2. Chakia
  3. Motihari
  4. Pakaridayal
  5. Raxaul
  6. Sikarahana

Politics

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District No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
East Champaran 10 Raxaul Pramod Kumar Sinha BJP NDA
11 Sugauli Shashi Bhushan Singh RJD MGB
12 Narkatiya Shamim Ahmad RJD MGB
13 Harsidhi Krishnanandan Paswan BJP NDA
14 Govindganj Sunil Mani Tiwari BJP NDA
15 Kesaria Shalini Mishra JD(U) NDA
16 Kalyanpur Manoj Kumar Yadav RJD MGB
17 Pipra Shyambabu Prasad Yadav BJP NDA
18 Madhuban Rana Randhir Singh BJP NDA
19 Motihari Pramod Kumar BJP NDA
20 Chiraia Lal Babu Prasad Gupta BJP NDA
21 Dhaka Pawan Jaiswal BJP NDA

See also

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References

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  1. ^ East Champaran
  2. ^ "Tirhut Division". tirhut-muzaffarpur.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census Handbook: East Champaran" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  4. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. {{cite book}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  5. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Archived from the original on 3 January 2021. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Espiritu Santo 3,956km2
  6. ^ "Table A-02 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901: Bihar" (PDF). census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  7. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Bihar". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. United Arab Emirates 5,148,664
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Colorado 5,029,196
  10. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Bihar". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
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  • East Champaran district website
  • Official Website of Tirhut Division
  • Motihari (East Champaran)
  • East Champaran District Info


26°39′00″N 84°55′00″E / 26.6500°N 84.9167°E / 26.6500; 84.9167