Eduard Schwartz


Eduard Schwartz (22 August 1858 – 13 February 1940) was a German classical philologist.

Born in Kiel, he studied under Hermann Sauppe in Göttingen, under Hermann Usener and Franz Bücheler in Bonn, under Theodor Mommsen in Berlin and under Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff in Greifswald. In 1880 he obtained his doctorate from the University of Bonn.[1]

In 1884, he became a lecturer in Bonn, afterwards being appointed professor of classical philology at the University of Rostock (1887). This was followed by professorships at the Universities of Giessen (1893), Strasbourg (1897), Göttingen (1902) and Freiburg (1909). In 1914 he returned to Strasbourg, where he served as university rector in 1915/16.[2] In 1919 he was a successor to Otto Crusius at the University of Munich.[1]

He published numerous articles and works in the area of Greek and Roman history, including on the Catilinarian conspiracy.[3] His magnum opus was a publication of the acts of oecumenical councils (ACO) from Ephesus (431) onwards.[4][5] He also started the edition of Eusebius' works in the GCS series,[6] editing the Ecclesiastical History with the facing edition of Rufinus' translation by Theodor Mommsen, and the ancient and Byzantine scholia to Euripides' tragedies.

A friend of the Italian philologist Giorgio Pasquali (met in Gottingen in 1909[7]),[8] Schwartz asserted that the ecclesiastical history was part of the material history of human kind and therefore he opposed to the number of ecclesiastical history teachings which were arisen[clarify] within German universities.[9]

Schwartz died in Munich in 1940.


  • "De Dionysio Scytobrachione", (dissertation), Bonn 1880.
  • "Scholia in Euripidem", critical edition (volumes 1–2), Berlin 1887
  • "Quaestiones Herodotae", 1890.
  • Christliche und jüdische Ostertafeln (1905) (Online)
  • " Acta conciliorum oecumenicorum" (The Acts of the Ecumenical Councils) Berlin & Leipzig, 1914–1940.
    • Tome 1: Concilium Universale Ephesenum (AD 431)
    • Tome 2: Concilium Universale Chalcedonense (AD 451)
    • Tome 3: Collectio Sabbaitica contra Acephalos et Origenistas destinata (AD 536)
    • Tome 4: Concilium Universale Constantinopolitanum sub Iustiniano habitum (AD 553).
  • Zur Entstehung der Ilias (On the origin of the Iliad), Strasbourg 1918.
  • Das Geschichtswerk des Thukydides, (The historical works of Thucydides), Bonn 1919, second edition 1929.
  • "Codex Vaticanus Gr. 1431, Eine Antichalkedonische Sammlung Aus Der Zeit Kaiser Zenos", etc. [Selections from the Contents of the Codex, including letters from and to Saint Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria. With Introduction and Notes by E. Schwartz, 1927].[10]


  1. ^ a b Schwartz, Eduard @ NDB/ADB Deutsche Biographie
  2. ^ "Rektoratsreden im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert – Online-Bibliographie" [Official speeches of Eduard Schwartz] (in German).
  3. ^ Google Books A. D. Momigliano by Arnaldo Momigliano
  4. ^ Acta Conciliorum Oecumenicorum. Concilium Universale Chalcedonensis (complete). Internet Archive. Walter de Gruyter & Co. 1933. p. 2046. Archived from the original on May 29, 2021.
  5. ^ Fourth Century Christianity Acta conciliorum oecumenicorum
  6. ^ Schwartz' edition of Eusebius was particularly important not only because it was the first modern edition of the Church History, but mainly because Schwartz was among the first classical scholars to suggest the idea that some divergences in the tradition of the text did not imply a comparison between a wrong variant and a right one, but between two variants that are equally right because they are changes made to the text directly by the author and preserved in the tradition. This demonstration played a significat role in Giorgio Pasquali's magnum opus, Storia della tradizione e critica del testo [i.e. History of Tradition and Textual Criticism].
  7. ^ Fritz Bornmann, Giorgio Pasquali e la filologia classica del novecento: atti del convegno Firenze-Pisa, 2–3 dicembre 1985, Leo Olschki, 1988.ISBN 978-88-222-3616-6, OCLC 1014740915.
  8. ^ Barry B. Powell (1992). "The Orazio Lirico of Giorgio Pasquali: Its Place in His Career and in the History of Horatian Scholarship". Syllecta Classica. 3: 37–44. doi:10.1353/syl.1992.0007.
  9. ^ Momigliano, Arnaldo (1966). Terzo contributo alla storia degli studi classici e del mondo antico. Storia e Letteratura. Raccolta di Studi e Testi. Ed. di Storia e Letteratura. p. 99. ISBN 978-88-8498-363-3. OCLC 432652613.
  10. ^ Google Search publications

External linksEdit

  • Deutsche Wikisource extensive bibliography.