- In Belize, Std. 6 is the last year in elementary school.
- In Mexico, eighth grade is equivalent to the second year of middle school for those who are aged 13–14.
Canada and the United States
In the United States, Eighth Grade is usually a child's eighth year of education, aside from Kindergarten and Preschool. It is often the final year of middle school.
In some parts of Canada (such as Newfoundland), and much of British Columbia, 8th grade is the first year of high school, or secondary school. Students are usually 12–13 years old.
In Quebec, eighth Grade is equivalent to Secondary II (French: 2e Secondaire ("Seconde")) or Secondary Cycle 1, Year 2.
The eighth grade mathematics curriculum in Canada usually includes either Pre-algebra or Algebra I. Occasionally, Geometry, or Algebra II are also taught in very advanced schools. In some schools, especially the ones that are witnessing the required Basic Standards Test, basic everyday "real world" mathematical skills such as check writing, money management, and geometry are taught as well.
In cultural and language curriculum, many students may opt to take a foreign language course, either for a semester or the full school year.
In the United States, American history is often the primary focus in eighth grade social studies. Other schools may also focus on other subject areas such as geography and world history.
In the United States 41 states have implemented Common Core curriculum standards for English/Language Arts and Mathematics in 8th grade.
Key English/Language Arts standards for 8th grade include:
- Ability to write arguments and to support claims with relevant evidence; support with logical reasoning using accurate, credible source
- Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences using relevant details and structured event sequences
- Ability to write in a manner that the organization, development, and style are appropriate to the task, purpose and audience
- Conduct short research products to answer questions, drawing on multiple print or digital sources; ability to assess credibility of each source
Key Mathematics standards in 8th grade include:
- Ability to use linear equations and systems to represent, analyze, and solve various problems
- Students recognize (y/x=m) or (y-mx) as special linear equations (y=mx+b) and can interpret and express a relationship in terms of the situation
- Students understand the concept of a function as a rule that assigns exactly one output for one input
- Knowledge of distance and angles and ideas of translations, congruence, rotations, reflections, similarity
- Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to find distance between points on the coordinate plain, find lengths, and analyze polygons