Ekspress-AM4

Summary

Ekspress-AM4
NamesExpress-AM4
Mission typeCommunications
OperatorRussian Satellite Communications Company (RSCC)
COSPAR ID2011-045A
SATCAT no.37798
Websitehttps://eng.rscc.ru/
Mission duration15 years (planned)
Failed on orbit
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftEkspress-AM4
Spacecraft typeEkspress
BusEADS Astrium
ManufacturerEurostar-3000
Launch mass5,775 kg (12,732 lb)
Power14 kW
Start of mission
Launch date17 August 2011, 21:25:01 UTC[1]
RocketProton-M / Briz-M
Launch siteBaikonur, Site 200/39
ContractorKhrunichev State Research and Production Space Center
End of mission
DisposalDeorbited
Decay date28 March 2012
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit[2]
RegimeMedium Earth orbit
Geostationary orbit (planned)
Longitude80° East (planned)
Perigee altitude695 km (432 mi)
Apogee altitude20,239 km (12,576 mi)
Inclination51.1°
Period6.04 hours
Transponders
Band63 transponders:
30 C-band,
28 Ku-band,
2 Ka-band,
3 L-band
Coverage areaRussia
 

Ekspress-AM4 was a Russian communications satellite placed into the wrong orbit from a faulty Briz-M rocket stage. This satellite was to be part of the Ekspress series of geostationary communications satellites owned by Russian Satellite Communications Company (RSCC). Proposals were made to reposition the satellite to provide broadband services to Antarctica, but ultimately the decision was made to de-orbit the satellite. On 28 March 2012, the satellite splashed into the Pacific Ocean.[3]

Satellite description

The total mass of the Ekspress-AM4 satellite was 5,775 kg (12,732 lb), and the satellite had 63 transponders. The onboard antennas were capable of broadcasting in the C-band, Ku-band, L-band, and Ka-band. The satellite's orbit was measured at 695 by 20239 km altitude, with an inclination orbit of 51.1°. Though the satellite was placed in the wrong orbit, there was no damage to the satellite, meaning that it became the subject of numerous reuse proposals.

Launch

The Ekspress-AM4 satellite was launched on 17 August 2011 on a Russian Proton-M launch vehicle from Kazakhstan, which included a Briz-M upper stage.[4] It was just after launch that the Briz-M stage did not separate from the Ekspress satellite, causing it into the wrong orbit.[5] Contact was lost with the satellite and with its attached Briz M upper stage about six hours after the pair were launched. Telemetry stopped either during or after the fourth of five planned Briz M upper stage burns planned to occur during a nine-hour maneuver designed to insert the satellite into a geosynchronous transfer orbit (GTO).[6]

Reuse proposals

One of the most notable reuse proposals came from a company called Polar Broadband Systems, which was established in December 2011. Its objectives were to submit proposals for the reuse of semi-retired and retired satellites for use with communications over the Antarctic. The company notes that it would not have been feasible to build a dedicated satellite for the region as the population would not justify the expense, however Ekspress-AM4 would suffice as it could have been maneuvered into the required orbit. There was enough fuel on board for it to be operational for ten years, with giving the Antarctic region 16 hours of broadband access a day. Similarly, Australian company Antarctic Broadband [7] proposed a similar scheme for Antarctic communications, however neither were successful.[8]

Deorbited

Dennis Pivnyuk, chief financial officer of the Russian Satellite Communications Company, informed on 15 March 2012 that the satellite would be decommissioned and deorbited. He stated that the descent phase would start on 20 March 2012, with the spacecraft reentering over the Pacific Ocean around 26 March 2012. The spacecraft was destroyed during reentry on 28 March 2012.[9]

References

  1. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  2. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  3. ^ "Second Life for Failed Russian Satellite" Retrieved 1 April 2012
  4. ^ Parfitt, Tom (18 August 2011). "Russian satellite missing within hours of takeoff". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Repurposing Express-AM4: Mission Possible: Recycling Space Junk into Antarctic Science Treasure" Retrieved 1 April 2012
  6. ^ "Display: Ekspress-AM4 2011-045A". NASA. 10 February 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  7. ^ "Antarctic Broadband"
  8. ^ "Lost Russian Communications Satellite Found in Wrong Orbit". SPACE.com. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  9. ^ "Dead Russian Satellite to Fall From Space" Archived 23 February 2013 at archive.today Retrieved 1 April 2012

External links

  • IMS Official provider's site