Electoral history of the Bharatiya Janata Party

Summary

This article is about the election performance of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

The electoral history of the BJP and its predecessors in general elections

National ElectionsEdit

Legislation tableEdit

Year Legislature Party leader Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Percentage of votes Vote swing Outcome Ref.
1984 8th Lok Sabha Lal Krishna Advani 229
2 / 541
  2 7.74% Opposition [1][2]
1989 9th Lok Sabha Lal Krishna Advani 225
85 / 545
  83 11.36%   3.62% Outside support for NF [3]
1991 10th Lok Sabha Lal Krishna Advani 477
120 / 545
  35 20.11%   8.75% Opposition [4]
1996 11th Lok Sabha Atal Bihari Vajpayee 471
161 / 545
  41 20.29%   0.18% Government, later opposition [5]
1998 12th Lok Sabha Atal Bihari Vajpayee 388
182 / 545
  21 25.59%   5.30% Government [6]
1999 13th Lok Sabha Atal Bihari Vajpayee 339
182 / 545
  23.75%   1.84% Government [7]
2004 14th Lok Sabha Atal Bihari Vajpayee 364
138 / 543
  44 22.16%   1.69% Opposition [8]
2009 15th Lok Sabha Lal Krishna Advani 433
116 / 543
  22 18.80%   3.36% Opposition [9]
2014 16th Lok Sabha Narendra Modi 425
282 / 543
  166 31.34%   12.54% Government [10]
2019 17th Lok Sabha Narendra Modi 437
303 / 543
  21 37.46%   6.12% Government [11]


Andhra PradeshEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1983 294 80 3 - 582,464 2.76 -
1985 294 10 8  5 372,978 1.62  1.14
1989 294 12 5  3 512,305 1.78  0.16
1994 294 280 3  2 1,210,878 3.89  2.11
1999 294 24 12  9 1,223,481 3.67  0.22
2004 294 27 2  10 942,008 2.63  1.04
2009 294 271 2   1,192,814 2.84  0.21
2014 294 58 9  7 2,000,677 4.13  1.29
After the state's bifurcation in 2014
2019 175 173 0  4 264,437 0.84 -

Arunachal PradeshEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1984 30 6 1 - 17,283 7.69 -
1990 60 Not Contested
1995 60 15 0   14,335 3.37 -
1999 60 23 0   44,556 10.83  7.46
2004 60 39 9  9 87,312 19.0  8.17
2009 60 18 3  6 29,929 5.21  13.79
2014 60 42 11  8 157,412 30.97  25.76
2019 60 60 41  30 315,540 50.86  19.89

AssamEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1985 126 37 0 - 79,068 1.07 -
1991 126 48 10  10 548,271 6.55  5.48
1996 126 117 4  6 946,236 10.41  4.93
2001 126 46 8  4 995,004 9.35  1.06
2006 126 125 10  2 1,581,925 11.98  2.63
2011 126 120 5  5 1,584,895 11.47  0.51
2016 126 89 60  55 4,992,185 29.51  18.04
2021 126 93 60   6,384,538 33.21  3.7

BiharEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1980 324 246 21 - 1,891,325 8.41 -
1985 324 234 16  5 1,833,275 7.54  0.87
1990 324 237 39  23 3,721,392 11.61  4.07
1995 324 315 41  2 4,480,363 12.96  1.35
2000 324 168 67  26 5,424,687 14.64  1.68
After the state's bifurcation in 2000
2005
(FEB)
243 103 37 - 2,686,290 10.97 -
2005
(OCT)
243 102 55  18 3,686,720 15.65  4.68
2010 243 102 91  36 4,790,436 16.49  0.84
2015 243 157 53  38 9,308,015 24.42  7.93
2020 243 110 74  21 8,202,067 19.46  4.96

ChhattisgarhEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
2003 90 90 50 - 3,789,914 39.26 -
2008 90 90 50   4,333,934 40.33  1.07
2013 90 90 49  1 5,365,272 41.04  0.71
2018 90 90 15  34 4,706,830 32.97  8.07

DelhiEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1993 70 70 49 - 1,520,675 42.82 -
1998 70 67 15  34 1,390,689 34.02  8.8
2003 70 70 20  5 1,589,323 35.22  1.2
2008 70 69 23  3 2,244,629 36.34  1.12
2013 70 68 31  8 2,604,100 33.07  3.27
2015 70 69 3  28 2,890,485 32.19  0.88
2020 70 67 8  5 3,575,529 38.51  6.32

GoaEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1984 30 16 0 - 4915 1.21 -
1989 40 7 0   1985 0.39  0.82
1994 40 12 4  4 52,094 9.05  8.66
1999 40 39 10  6 150,959 26.15  17.1
2002 40 39 17  7 226,350 35.57  9.42
2007 40 33 14  3 215,605 30.32  5.25
2012 40 28 21  7 294,392 34.68  4.36
2017 40 36 13  8 297,588 32.48  2.2
2022 40 40 20  7 316,573 33.3  0.82

GujaratEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1980 182 127 9 - 1,090,652 14.02 -
1985 182 124 11  2 1,379,120 14.96  0.94
1990 182 143 67  56 3,386,256 26.69  11.73
1995 182 182 121  54 7,672,401 42.51  15.82
1998 182 182 117  4 7,300,826 44.81  2.3
2002 182 182 127  10 10,194,353 49.85  5.04
2007 182 182 117  10 10,739,972 49.12  0.73
2012 182 182 115  2 13,119,579 47.85  1.27
2017 182 182 99  16 14,724,031 49.05  1.2

HaryanaEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1982 90 24 6 - 376,604 7.67 -
1987 90 20 16  10 613,819 10.08  2.41
1991 90 89 2  14 582,850 9.43  0.65
1996 90 25 11  9 672,558 8.88  0.55
2000 90 29 6  5 684,283 8.94  0.06
2005 90 90 2  4 949,176 10.36  1.42
2009 90 90 4  2 857,831 9.04  1.32
2014 90 90 47  43 4,125,285 33.20  24.16
2019 90 90 40  7 4569016 36.49  3.29

Himachal PradeshEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1982 68 67 29 - 545,037 35.16 -
1985 68 57 7  22 502,252 30.61  4.55
1990 68 51 46  39 858,518 41.78  11.17
1993 68 68 8  38 840,233 36.14  5.64
1998 68 68 31  23 995,482 39.02  2.88
2003 68 68 16  25 1,079,882 35.38  3.64
2007 68 68 41  25 1,441,142 43.78  8.4
2012 68 68 26  15 1,300,756 38.47  5.31
2017 68 68 44  18 1,846,432 48.79  10.32

Jammu and KashmirEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1983 76 27 0 - 70,193 3.19 -
1987 76 29 2  2 132,528 5.10  1.91
1996 87 53 8  6 301,238 12.13  7.03
2002 87 58 1  7 227,633 8.57  3.56
2008 87 64 11  10 493,757 12.45  3.88
2014 87 75 25  14 1,107,194 22.98  10.53
After The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act In 2019

JharkhandEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
2005 81 63 30 - 2,387,130 23.57 -
2009 81 67 18  12 2,074,215 20.18  3.39
2014 81 72 37  19 4,334,728 31.26  11.08
2019 81 79 25  12 5,022,374 33.37  2.11

KarnatakaEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1983 224 110 18 - 1,024,892 7.93 -
1985 224 116 2  16 571,280 3.88  4.05
1989 224 118 4  2 755,032 4.14  0.26
1994 224 223 40  36 3,517,119 16.99  12.85
1999 224 149 44  4 4,598,741 20.69  3.7
2004 224 198 79  35 7,118,658 28.33  7.64
2008 224 224 110  31 8,857,754 33.86  5.53
2013 224 223 40  70 6,236,227 19.89  13.97
2018 224 223 104  64 13,268,284 36.22  16.33

KeralaEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1982 140 69 0 - 263,331 2.75 -
1987 140 116 0   708,261 5.56  2.81
1991 140 137 0   674,525 4.76  0.8
1996 140 127 0   781,090 5.48  0.72
2001 140 123 0   789,764 5.02  0.46
2006 140 136 0   738,244 4.75  0.27
2011 140 138 0   1,053,654 6.03  1.28
2016 140 98 1  1 2,129,726 10.53  4.5
2021 140 115 0  1 2,354,468 11.3  0.77

Madhya PradeshEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1980 320 310 60 - 3,665,201 30.34 -
1985 320 312 58  2 4,606,133 32.45  2.11
1990 320 269 220  162 7,779,942 39.14  6.69
1993 320 320 117  103 9,188,602 38.82  0.32
1998 320 320 119  2 10,430,233 39.28  0.46
After the state's bifurcation in 2000
2003 230 230 173 - 10,836,807 42.50 -
2008 230 228 143  30 9,493,641 37.64  4.86
2013 230 230 165  22 15,191,335 44.88  7.24
2018 230 230 109  56 15,643,623 41.02  3.86

MaharashtraEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1980 288 145 14 - 1,645,734 9.38 -
1985 288 67 16  2 1,590,351 7.25  2.13
1990 288 104 42  26 3,180,482 10.71  3.46
1995 288 116 65  23 4,932,767 12.80  2.09
1999 288 117 56  9 4,776,301 14.54  1.74
2004 288 111 54  2 5,717,287 13.67  0.87
2009 288 119 46  8 6,352,147 14.02  0.35
2014 288 260 122  76 14,709,276 27.81  13.79
2019 288 164 105  17 14199375 25.75  2.06

ManipurEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1984 60 12 0 - 6,163 0.71 -
1990 54 11 0   18,549 1.87  1.16
1995 60 20 1  1 38,405 3.35  1.48
2000 60 39 6  5 142,174 11.28  7.93
2002 60 46 4  2 126,044 9.55  1.73
2007 60 14 0  4 12,536 0.85  8.7
2012 60 19 0   29,663 2.12  1.27
2017 60 60 21  21 601,539 36.28  34.16
2022 60 60 32  11 702,632 37.83  2.73

MeghalayaEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1993 60 20 0 - 29,948 3.68 -
1998 60 28 3  3 41,924 5.01  1.33
2003 60 28 2  1 48,932 5.42  0.41
2008 60 23 1  1 29,465 2.67  2.75
2013 60 13 0  1 16,800 1.27  1.4
2018 60 47 2  2 151,292 9.63  8.36

MizoramEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1993 40 8 0 - 10,004 3.11 -
1998 40 12 0   8,448 2.50  0.61
2003 40 8 0   7,823 1.87  0.63
2008 40 9 0   2,222 0.44  1.43
2013 40 17 0   2,139 0.37  0.07
2018 40 39 1  1 51,087 8.09  7.72

NagalandEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1987 60 2 0 - 926 0.19 -
1989 60 Not Contested
1993 60 6 0 - 2,561 0.35 -
1998 60 Not Contested
2003 60 38 7 - 96,658 10.88 -
2008 60 23 2  5 60,627 5.35  5.53
2013 60 11 1  1 19,121 1.75  3.6
2018 60 20 12   153,864 15.31  13.56

OdishaEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1980 147 28 0 - 86,421 1.36 -
1985 147 67 1  1 204,346 2.60  1.24
1990 147 63 2  1 390,060 3.56  0.96
1995 147 144 9  7 1,245,996 7.88  4.32
2000 147 63 38  29 2,570,074 18.20  10.32
2004 147 63 32  6 2,898,105 17.11  1.09
2009 147 145 6  26 2,674,067 15.05  2.06
2014 147 147 10  4 3,874,748 17.99  2.94
2019 147 146 23  13 7,612,449 32.49  14.5

PuducherryEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1985 30 3 0 - 158 0.05 -
1990 30 8 0   2,154 0.51  0.46
1991 30 12 0   3,045 0.78  0.27
1996 30 14 0   5,217 1.13  0.35
2001 30 5 1  1 22,164 4.65  3.52
2006 30 27 0  1 17,356 3.07  1.58
2011 30 20 0   9,183 1.32  1.75
2016 30 30 0   19,303 2.41  1.09
2021 30 9 6  6 114,298 13.66  11.25

PunjabEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1980 117 41 1 - 405,106 6.48 -
1985 117 26 6  5 345,560 4.99  1.49
1992 117 66 6   495,161 16.48  11.49
1997 117 22 18  12 857,219 8.33  8.15
2002 117 23 3  15 583,214 5.67  2.66
2007 117 23 19  16 1,046,451 8.28  2.61
2012 117 23 12  7 998,098 7.18  1.1
2017 117 23 3  9 833,092 5.39  1.79
2022 117 73 2  1 1,027,143 6.60  1.21

RajasthanEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1980 200 123 32 - 1,721,321 18.60 -
1985 200 118 39  7 2,437,594 21.24  2.64
1990 200 128 85  46 3,744,945 25.25  4.01
1993 199 196 95  10 6498330 38.60  13.35
1998 200 196 33  62 6,258,509 33.23  5.37
2003 200 197 120  87 8,929,572 39.20  5.97
2008 200 193 78  42 8,258,966 34.27  4.93
2013 200 200 163  85 13,939,203 45.17  10.9
2018 200 200 73  90 13,829,046 38.77  6.4

SikkimEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1994 32 3 0 - 274 0.16 -
1999 32 Not Contested
2004 32 4 0 - 667 0.34 -
2009 32 11 0   1,966 0.78  0.44
2014 32 13 0   2208 0.71  0.07
2019 32 12 0   5,700 1.62  0.91

Tamil NaduEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1980 234 10 0 - 13,177 0.07 -
1984 234 15 0   54,390 0.25  0.18
1989 234 31 0   84,865 0.35  0.10
1991 234 99 0   419,229 1.70  1.35
1996 234 143 1  1 490,453 1.81  0.11
2001 234 21 4  3 895,352 3.19  1.38
2006 234 225 0  4 666,823 2.02  1.17
2011 234 204 0   819,577 2.22  0.20
2016 234 188 0   1,228,704 2.84  0.62
2021 234 20 4  4 1,213,510 2.62  0.22

TelanganaEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
2018 119 117 1 - 1,443,799 6.98 -

TripuraEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1983 60 4 0 - 578 0.06 -
1988 60 10 0   1,757 0.15  0.09
1993 60 38 0   27,078 2.02  1.87
1998 60 60 0   80,272 5.87  3.85
2003 60 21 0   20,032 1.32  4.55
2008 60 49 0   28,102 1.49  0.17
2013 60 50 0   33,808 1.54  0.05
2018 60 51 35  35 1,025,673 43.59  42.05

Uttar PradeshEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1980 425 400 11 - 2,777,731 10.76 -
1985 425 347 16  5 2,890,884 9.83  0.93
1989 425 275 57  41 4,522,867 11.61  1.78
1991 425 415 221  164 11,770,214 31.45  19.84
1996 424 422 177  44 16,637,720 33.30  1.85
After the state's bifurcation in 2000
2002 403 320 88 - 10,776,078 20.08 -
2007 403 350 51  37 8,851,199 16.97  3.11
2012 403 398 47  4 11,371,080 15.00  1.97
2017 403 384 312  265 34,403,299 39.67  24.67
2022 403 376 255  57 38,051,721 41.29  1.62

UttarakhandEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
2002 70 69 19 - 728,134 25.45 -
2007 69 69 34  15 1,203,726 31.90  6.45
2012 70 70 31  3 1,408,341 33.13  1.23
2017 70 70 56  25 2,314,250 46.51  13.38
2022 70 70 47  10 2,383,838 44.3  2.2

West BengalEdit

Year Total Seats Seats Contested Seats won Change in seats Votes Percentage of votes Vote swing
1982 294 52 0 - 129,994 0.58 -
1987 294 57 0   134,867 0.51  0.07
1991 294 291 0   3,513,121 11.34  10.76
1996 294 292 0   2,372,480 6.45  4.89
2001 294 266 0   1,901,351 5.19  1.26
2006 294 29 0   760,236 1.93  3.26
2011 294 289 0   1,934,650 4.06  2.13
2016 294 291 3  3 5,555,134 10.16  6.1
2021 292 291 77  74 22,850,710 38.13  27.97

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "LS Statistical Report : 1984 Vol. 1" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 81. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  2. ^ "LS Statistical Report : 1985 Vol. 1" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 15. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  3. ^ "LS Statistical Report : 1989 Vol. 1" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 88. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  4. ^ Election Commission 1991.
  5. ^ Election Commission 1996.
  6. ^ Election Commission 1998.
  7. ^ Election Commission 1999.
  8. ^ Election Commission 2004.
  9. ^ Election Commission 2009.
  10. ^ "LS 2014 : List of successful candidates" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 93. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  11. ^ "LS 2019 : List of successful candidates". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 11 October 2019.

BibliographyEdit

  • "Statistical report on general elections, 1991 to the Tenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  • "Statistical report on general elections, 1996 to the Eleventh Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  • "Statistical report on general elections, 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  • "Statistical report on general elections, 1999 to the Thirteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  • "Statistical report on general elections, 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  • "Performance of National Parties" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 30 May 2014.