In geometry, the elongated triangular bipyramid (or dipyramid) or triakis triangular prism is one of the Johnson solids (J_{14}), convex polyhedra whose faces are regular polygons. As the name suggests, it can be constructed by elongating a triangular bipyramid (J_{12}) by inserting a triangular prism between its congruent halves.
Elongated triangular bipyramid | |
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Type | Johnson J_{13} - J_{14} - J_{15} |
Faces | 6 triangles 3 squares |
Edges | 15 |
Vertices | 8 |
Vertex configuration | 2(3^{3}) 6(3^{2}.4^{2}) |
Symmetry group | D_{3h}, [3,2], (*322) |
Rotation group | D_{3}, [3,2]^{+}, (322) |
Dual polyhedron | Triangular bifrustum |
Properties | convex |
Net | |
A Johnson solid is one of 92 strictly convex polyhedra that is composed of regular polygon faces but are not uniform polyhedra (that is, they are not Platonic solids, Archimedean solids, prisms, or antiprisms). They were named by Norman Johnson, who first listed these polyhedra in 1966.^{[1]}
The nirrosula, an African musical instrument woven out of strips of plant leaves, is made in the form of a series of elongated bipyramids with non-equilateral triangles as the faces of their end caps.^{[2]}
The following formulae for volume ( ), surface area ( ) and height ( ) can be used if all faces are regular, with edge length a:
The dual of the elongated triangular bipyramid is called a triangular bifrustum and has 8 faces: 6 trapezoidal and 2 triangular.
Dual elongated triangular bipyramid | Net of dual |
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