Enping

恩平市

Yanping
Enping (red) within Jiangmen and Guangdong
Enping (red) within Jiangmen and Guangdong
Enping is located in Guangdong
Enping
Enping
Location of the city centre in Guangdong
Coordinates: 22°11′N 112°18′E / 22.183°N 112.300°E / 22.183; 112.300Coordinates: 22°11′N 112°18′E / 22.183°N 112.300°E / 22.183; 112.300
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
Prefecture-level cityJiangmen
Area
 • Total1,698 km2 (656 sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Enping
Chinese恩平
PostalYanping
Literal meaningMercifully Pacified

Enping, alternately romanized as Yanping,[a] is a county-level city in Guangdong province, China, administered as part of the prefecture-level city of Jiangmen.

Enping administers an area of 1,698 km2 (656 sq mi) and had an estimated population of 460,000 in 2005. Its diaspora accounts for around 420,000 overseas Chinese.[citation needed] The area around Enping is known for its many hot springs.

Geography

Enping is located in southwest Guangdong, at the western edge of the Pearl River Delta and beside the South China Sea. Enping borders Kaiping to the northeast and Yangjing to the southwest.

History

Enping County was established in AD 220. Under the Qing, it made up part of the commandery of Zhaoqing[1] and was one of the Four Counties responsible for much of the early Chinese diaspora from Guangdong in the 19th century. Many overseas Chinese trace their ancestry to Enping, particularly among the Chinese in Venezuela. Migrants from Enping and their families make up about 200,000 of the country's estimated 400,000 Chinese. Emigration to Venezuela occurred primarily in the decades including and following the World Wars, with the largest batch leaving at the end of the Cultural Revolution in the late 1970s. Enping was made a county-level city in 1994.

Administrative divisions

Enping comprises 10 towns, 3 sub-district offices, 4 farms and stations, and 174 village neighborhood committees.

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[5]
Encheng Subdistrict 恩城街道 Ēnchéng Jiēdào 197,788
Hengbei town 横陂镇 Héngbēi Zhèn 31,694
Shengtang town 圣堂镇 Shèngtáng Zhèn 25,038
Liangxi town 良西镇 Liángxī Zhèn 20,091
Shahu town 沙湖镇 Shāhú Zhèn 56,217
Niujiang town 牛江镇 Niújiāng Zhèn 23,430
Juntang town 君堂镇 Jūntáng Zhèn 46,475
Datian town 大田镇 Dàtián Zhèn 27,943
Naji town 那吉镇 Nàjí Zhèn 19,384
Dahuai town 大槐镇 Dàhuái Zhèn 18,625
Dongcheng town 东成镇 Dōngchéng Zhèn 26,129

Climate

Notes

  1. ^ Other former romanizations of Enping include Gan Ping,[1] Gan-ping,[2] Gan-p‘ing,[3] and Gan-ping-heën.[4]

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b Bolton & al. (1941), p. 262.
  2. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed. (1878), Vol. V, "China".
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th ed. (1911), Vol. XV, "Kwang-tung".
  4. ^ Gutzlaff (1838), p. 527.
  5. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.

Bibliography

  • Bolton, Kingsley; et al. (1941), Triad Societies, Vol. 5, Abingdon: Routledge, reprinted 2000.
  • Gutzlaff, Charles (1838), China Opened, or, A Display of the Topography, History, Customs, Manners, Arts, Manufactures, Commerce, Literature, Religion, Jurisprudence, Etc. of the Chinese Empire, Vol. II, London: Smith, Elder, & Co..

External links

  • Official website