|Unit system||Non-SI metric unit|
|Unit of||Linear acceleration density|
|Named after||Loránd Eötvös|
|1 E in ...||... is equal to ...|
|CGS base units||10−9 s−2|
|SI base units||10−9 s−2|
The eotvos is a unit of acceleration divided by distance that was used in conjunction with the older centimetre–gram–second system of units (cgs). The eotvos is defined as 10−9 galileos per centimetre. The symbol of the eotvos unit is E.
The gravitational gradient of the Earth, that is, the change in the gravitational acceleration vector from one point on the Earth's surface to another, is customarily measured in units of eotvos. The Earth's gravity gradient is dominated by the component due to Earth's near-spherical shape, which results in a vertical tensile gravity gradient of 3,080 E (an elevation increase of 1 m gives a decrease of gravity of about 0.3 mGal), and horizontal compressive gravity gradients of one half that, or 1,540 E. Earth's rotation perturbs this in a direction-dependent manner by about 5 E. Gravity gradient anomalies in mountainous areas can be as large as several hundred eotvos.