Eparchy of Niš
|Territory||south-eastern regions of Serbia|
|Sui iuris church||Serbian Orthodox Church|
The Eparchy of Niš (Serbian: Епархија нишка) is an eparchy (diocese) of the Serbian Orthodox Church with its seat in Niš, in Serbia. It has jurisdiction over the south-eastern regions of Serbia. Since 2017, Serbian Orthodox Bishop of Niš is Arsenije Glavčić.
Eparchy of Niš is one of the oldest eparchies in the region. Modern name of the city of Niš was derived from the name of its predecessor, the ancient Roman city of Naissus. that belonged to the Roman province of Moesia and after its division to the province of Moesia Superior. By the 3rd century early Christianity was already well established in that region. Archeological excavations in ancient Naissus have discovered remains of early Christian churches and cemeteries. The exact date of the foundation of ancient Bishopric of Naissus is not known, but it existed by the beginning of the 4th century. In that time, the city of Naissus belonged to the newly created province of Dacia Mediterranea with its capital in Serdica and in accordance to that, bishops of Naissus were under ecclesiastical jurisdiction of metropolitans of Serdica. Various bishops of Naissus from 4th to 6th century attended church councils and had prominent role in theological controversies of that time.
After the division of the Roman Empire (395), the city of Naissus remained part of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire. It was devastated by the Huns in 441 and later restored. Up to the beginning of the 6th century, episcopal see of Naissus was already under supreme jurisdiction of Archbishopric of Thessaloniki, and in 535 it was transferred by the decree of emperor Justinian I (527–565) to newly created Archbishopric of Justiniana Prima. The city of Naissus was again devastated in 584, by the Avars and Slavs. Byzantine rule in that region finally collapsed at the beginning of the 7th century and the church life was later renewed after the Christianization of Serbs.
After the Byzantine campaigns of 1018 and the establishment of imperial rule in Bulgarian and Serbian lands, by the orders of emperor Basil II an autonomous Archbishopric of Ohrid was created in 1019, under the supreme ecclesiastical jurisdiction the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Imperial charters of 1019 and 1020 mention the Bishopric of Niš among eparchies that were placed under jurisdiction of the autonomous Archbishopric of Ohrid. Until the beginning of the 13th century, archbishops of Ochrid were titled as metropolitans of all Bulgaria and Serbia.
During 11th and 12th century Byzantines and Serbs fought several battles over the city of Niš. Sometime around 1185, during the rule of Serbian "grand župan" Stefan Nemanja (1168–1196), Byzantine Empire lost Niš to Serbia, but Eparchy of Niš remained under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Archbishipric of Ohrid. After 1203, Niš was conquered by Bulgarians and during 13th century Serbs and Bulgarians fought several battles over the city and its region. By the end of the 13th century, the city war incorporated into medieval Serbia, and the Eparchy of Niš became part of Serbian Orthodox Church.
By the end of 14th century much of the region of Niš was conquered by Ottoman Turks and by the second half of 15th century the conquest of Serbian lands was finalized and Serbian Patriarchate of Peć was suppressed. Between 1526 and 1541, during the attempt of Metropolitan Pavle of Smederevo to restore the Serbian Patriarchate, Eparchy of Niš was also included in local ecclesiastical disputes with Archbishopric of Ohrid. Finally in 1557, Serbian Patriarchate of Peć was restored and the Eparchy of Niš was returned to its jurisdiction, with bishops of Niš holding the honorary title of metropolitan.
In 1766, when Serbian Patriarchate of Peć was abolished, the Eparchy of Niš and all other Serbian eparchies under Ottoman rule came under the jurisdiction of Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Bishop of Niš kept his honorary title of Metropolitan, as was also the custom in the Ecumenical Patriarchate. In 1878, region of Niš was finally liberated from the Ottoman rule and under incorporated into independent Serbia. In 1879, by the arrangement with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, Eparchy of Niš was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Metropolitanate of Belgrade. After the end of the First World War, all Serbian ecclesiastical provinces united in 1920 and since then Eparchy of Niš remains part of the united Serbian Orthodox Church.
This is an incomplete list of bishops and metropolitans of Niš.
- Cyriacus (before 343)
- Gaudentius (around 343—350)
- Bonosus (around 380—391)
- Marcianus (around 409—414)
- Dalmatius (around 467)
- Gaianus (504—516)
- Proiectus (around 553)
Later Bishops and Metropolitans of Niš:
- Kirik (1204)
- Nikodim (1279)
- Matej (1528–1532)
- Jeftimije (16th century)
- Georgije (16th century)
- Makarije (around 1570 – 1587)
- Gerasim (1645–1649)
- Ruvim (1680—1707)
- Jaonićije I (1722–1754)
- Pangelos (1734—1750)
- Georgije Popović (1735–1754)
- Gavrilo Nikolić (1752)
- Kalinik (around 1753)
- Nikodim (around 1754)
- Atanas (around 1755)
- Gavrilo II, (1761—1777)
- Gerasim mitropolit (around 1778)
- Makarije (1802–1815),
- Melentije (1815–1821)
- Venedikt I (1821)
- Danilo (1821)
- Josif (1827–1832)
- Grigorije (1837—1842)
- Nikifor (1842)
- Venedikt II (1842—1845)
- Janićije II (1856—1858)
- Stevan Kovačević (1858—1862)
- Kalinik (1862—1869)
- Partenije (1869)
- Kalinik II (1869–1872)
- Viktor Čolaković (1871—1883)
- Nestor Popović (1883—1884)
- Dimitrije Pavlović (1884—1889)
- Jeronim Jovanović (1889—1894)
- Inokentije Pavlović (1894—1898)
- Nikanor Ružičić (1898—1911)
- Domentijan Popović (1911—1913)
- Dositej Vasić (1913—1933)
- Jovan Ilić (1933—1975)
- Irinej Gavrilović (1975—2010)
- Jovan Purić (2011-1216)
- administration (2016-2017)
- Arsenije Glavčić (2017—present)
Monasteries of the Eparchy of Niš are: Veta Monastery, Visoka Ržana Monastery, Ajdanovac Monastery, Divljana Monastery, Lipovac Monastery, Đunis Monastery, Sveti Roman Monastery, Naupara Monastery, Poganovo Monastery, Sićevo Monastery, Sukovo Monastery, Temska Monastery, Jašunja Monastery, Muštar Monastery, Monastery of the Holy Mother of God in Toplica, Monastery of St. Nicholas in Toplica.
- Communique of the Holy Assembly of Bishops (2017)
- Papazoglu 1978, p. 197–204, 229–230.
- Harnack 1905, p. 371, 375–376.
- Mócsy 2014, p. 332.
- Zeiller 1918, pp. 599.
- Mócsy 2014, p. 350.
- Curta 2001, pp. 125, 130.
- Stephenson 2000, pp. 74–75.
- Bulić 2013, pp. 221–222.
- Ćirković 2004, pp. 43, 51.
- Јанковић 1985, pp. 36–37.
- Ćirković 2004, pp. 103–104.
- Ćirković 2004, pp. 134–135.
- Sotirović 2011, pp. 143–169.
- Kiminas 2009, pp. 19, 27.
- Kiminas 2009, pp. 21.
- Kiminas 2009, pp. 22, 28.
- Harnack, Adolf (1905). The Expansion of Christianity in the First Three Centuries. 2. New York: Putnam's Sons.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Zeiller, Jacques (1918). Les origines chrétiennes dans les provinces danubiennes de l'Empire romain. Paris: E. De Boccard.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Papazoglu, Fanula (1978). The Central Balkan Tribes in pre-Roman Times: Triballi, Autariatae, Dardanians, Scordisci and Moesians. Amsterdam: Hakkert.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Калић, Јованка (1984). "Ниш у средњем веку (Niš in Middle Ages)". Историјски часопис (31): 5–40.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Јанковић, Марија (1985). Епископије и митрополије Српске цркве у средњем веку (Bishoprics and Metropolitanates of Serbian Church in Middle Ages). Београд: Историјски институт САНУ.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Вуковић, Сава (1996). Српски јерарси од деветог до двадесетог века (Serbian Hierarchs from the 9th to the 20th Century). Евро, Унирекс, Каленић.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Stephenson, Paul (2000). Byzantium's Balkan Frontier: A Political Study of the Northern Balkans, 900–1204. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Popović, Svetlana (2002). "The Serbian Episcopal sees in the thirteenth century (Српска епископска седишта у XIII веку)". Старинар (51: 2001): 171–184.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Curta, Florin (2001). The Making of the Slavs: History and Archaeology of the Lower Danube Region, c. 500–700. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Kiminas, Demetrius (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate: A History of Its Metropolitanates with Annotated Hierarch Catalogs. Wildside Press LLC.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Sotirović, Vladislav B. (2011). "The Serbian Patriarchate of Peć in the Ottoman Empire: The First Phase (1557–94)". Serbian Studies: Journal of the North American Society for Serbian Studies. 25 (2): 143–169.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Bulić, Dejan (2013). "The Fortifications of the Late Antiquity and the Early Byzantine Period on the Later Territory of the South-Slavic Principalities, and their re-occupation". The World of the Slavs: Studies of the East, West and South Slavs: Civitas, Oppidas, Villas and Archeological Evidence (7th to 11th Centuries AD). Istorijski institut SANU. pp. 137–234.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Mócsy, András (2014) . Pannonia and Upper Moesia: A History of the Middle Danube Provinces of the Roman Empire. Routledge.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Serbian Orthodox Church
- International Symposium "Niš and Byzantium"