Ernst Krenkel Observatory

Summary

Location of Heiss Island in the Franz Josef Archipelago

Ernst Krenkel Observatory (Russian: Обсерватория имени Эрнста Кренкеля), also known as Kheysa, was a former Soviet rocket launching site located on Heiss Island, Franz Josef Land.[1] It is named after a famous Arctic explorer Ernst Krenkel, a member of the crew of the North Pole-1 drift ice station and other notable Soviet polar expeditions.

It served the MR-12 from 1956 to 1980 for the start of elevator research rocketry.

Climate

Climate data for Ernst Krenkel Observatory, Heiss Island
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
0.0
(32.0)
1.6
(34.9)
0.7
(33.3)
2.6
(36.7)
8.0
(46.4)
10.3
(50.5)
8.4
(47.1)
5.6
(42.1)
3.8
(38.8)
1.3
(34.3)
1.7
(35.1)
10.3
(50.5)
Average high °C (°F) −19.2
(−2.6)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−15.6
(3.9)
−6.5
(20.3)
0.1
(32.2)
2.1
(35.8)
1.4
(34.5)
−1.2
(29.8)
−8.1
(17.4)
−13.9
(7.0)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−9.9
(14.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −22.7
(−8.9)
−23.1
(−9.6)
−23
(−9)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−8.7
(16.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.7
(33.3)
0.1
(32.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
−10.4
(13.3)
−17.4
(0.7)
−21.8
(−7.2)
−12.4
(9.7)
Average low °C (°F) −26.2
(−15.2)
−26.5
(−15.7)
−26.5
(−15.7)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−10.8
(12.6)
−2.8
(27.0)
−0.3
(31.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
−4.2
(24.4)
−12.9
(8.8)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−14.9
(5.2)
Record low °C (°F) −42.1
(−43.8)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−43.5
(−46.3)
−39.6
(−39.3)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−12.3
(9.9)
−4.3
(24.3)
−8.5
(16.7)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−32.3
(−26.1)
−39.5
(−39.1)
−41.5
(−42.7)
−44.4
(−47.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.3)
31
(1.2)
20
(0.8)
15
(0.6)
13
(0.5)
10
(0.4)
18
(0.7)
22
(0.9)
26
(1.0)
21
(0.8)
24
(0.9)
27
(1.1)
259
(10.2)
Average rainy days 0.1 0.1 0 0.1 0.5 3 12 12 6 0.5 0.1 0 34
Average snowy days 20 19 19 16 22 15 7 10 18 24 21 19 209
Average relative humidity (%) 83 82 80 81 85 88 91 92 90 86 84 83 85
Source: pogoda.ru.net[2]

References

  1. ^ "Kheysa". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  2. ^ —Погода и Климат. Retrieved 17 November 2012.

External links

  • ISLANDS Website

Coordinates: 80°27′N 58°03′E / 80.450°N 58.050°E / 80.450; 58.050