Ernst Krenkel Observatory

Summary

Location of Heiss Island in the Franz Josef Archipelago

Ernst Krenkel Observatory (Russian: Обсерватория имени Эрнста Кренкеля), also known as Kheysa, was a former Soviet rocket launching site located on Heiss Island, Franz Josef Land.[1] It is named after a famous Arctic explorer Ernst Krenkel, a member of the crew of the North Pole-1 drift ice station and other notable Soviet polar expeditions.

It served the MR-12 from 1956 to 1980 for the start of research in rocketry.[2]

Climate

Climate data for Ernst Krenkel Observatory, Heiss Island
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
0.0
(32.0)
1.6
(34.9)
0.7
(33.3)
2.6
(36.7)
8.0
(46.4)
10.3
(50.5)
8.4
(47.1)
5.6
(42.1)
3.8
(38.8)
1.3
(34.3)
1.7
(35.1)
10.3
(50.5)
Average high °C (°F) −19.2
(−2.6)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−15.6
(3.9)
−6.5
(20.3)
0.1
(32.2)
2.1
(35.8)
1.4
(34.5)
−1.2
(29.8)
−8.1
(17.4)
−13.9
(7.0)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−9.9
(14.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −22.7
(−8.9)
−23.1
(−9.6)
−23
(−9)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−8.7
(16.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.7
(33.3)
0.1
(32.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
−10.4
(13.3)
−17.4
(0.7)
−21.8
(−7.2)
−12.4
(9.7)
Average low °C (°F) −26.2
(−15.2)
−26.5
(−15.7)
−26.5
(−15.7)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−10.8
(12.6)
−2.8
(27.0)
−0.3
(31.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
−4.2
(24.4)
−12.9
(8.8)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−14.9
(5.2)
Record low °C (°F) −42.1
(−43.8)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−43.5
(−46.3)
−39.6
(−39.3)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−12.3
(9.9)
−4.3
(24.3)
−8.5
(16.7)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−32.3
(−26.1)
−39.5
(−39.1)
−41.5
(−42.7)
−44.4
(−47.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.3)
31
(1.2)
20
(0.8)
15
(0.6)
13
(0.5)
10
(0.4)
18
(0.7)
22
(0.9)
26
(1.0)
21
(0.8)
24
(0.9)
27
(1.1)
259
(10.2)
Average rainy days 0.1 0.1 0 0.1 0.5 3 12 12 6 0.5 0.1 0 34
Average snowy days 20 19 19 16 22 15 7 10 18 24 21 19 209
Average relative humidity (%) 83 82 80 81 85 88 91 92 90 86 84 83 85
Source: pogoda.ru.net[3]

References

  1. ^ "Kheysa". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  2. ^ Here was previously a Soviet rocket launch site, now national park rangers move in. by Atle Staalesen in The Barents Observer (September 2018)
  3. ^ —Погода и Климат. Retrieved 17 November 2012.

External links

  • ISLANDS Website

Coordinates: 80°27′N 58°03′E / 80.450°N 58.050°E / 80.450; 58.050