Estimates Committee

Summary

Estimates Committee
Financial Standing Committee
16th Lok Sabha
Founded1950; 72 years ago (1950)
Country India
Leadership
ChairpersonGirish Bapat
Chairperson partyBharatiya Janata Party
AppointerLok Sabha Speaker
Structure
Seats30; all from Lok Sabha
Political parties  BJP (16)

  INC (2)
  AIADMK (2)
  AITC (2)
  TDP (1)
  BJD (1)
  SS (1)
  TRS (1)
  CPI(M) (1)
  RJD (1)
  INLD (1)

  JDU (1)
Election criteriaThe members are elected every year from amongst its members according to the principle of proportional representation.
Tenure1 year
Jurisdiction
Purpose
  • Scrutinizing the functioning of government ministries and departments in terms of expenditure and utilization of funds
  • Suggest alternative policies in order to bring about efficiency and economy in administration
Sub-committees
  • Drought situation in the country pertaining to the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
  • Education with special reference to the recent development regarding autonomy in Education
Rules and Procedures
  • Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha 2014
Applicable rulesRule 310,311 & 312 (page 114 - 115)

The Estimates Committee is a committee of selected members of parliament, constituted by the Parliament of India (the Lok Sabha), for the purpose of scrutinising the functioning of government ministries and departments in terms of expenditure and utilisation of funds. It also suggests alternative policies in order to bring about efficiency and economy in administration. It also examines whether the finances are laid out within the limits of the policy implied in the estimates and also to suggest the form in which the estimates shall be presented to Parliament.[1] This committee along with the Public Accounts committee(PAC) and Committee on Public Undertakings (COPU) are the three financial standing committees of the Parliament of India.

The committee consists of thirty members, all elected from Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. The members are elected every year from amongst its members of the Lok Sabha, according to the principle of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote. The chairperson is appointed by the Lok Sabha speaker. The term of office of the members is one year. A minister is not eligible to become a member of the committee. In case a member after his election to the committee becomes a minister, he or she ceases to be a member from the date of such appointment. There are no members from Rajya Sabha[2]

Currently the committee is headed by Girish Bapat from the Bharatiya Janata Party.[1][3]

History

Although the committee existed pre-independence, post independence, it was established following directives by John Mathai. In his speech presenting the budget of 1950–51, Mathai outlined the role that had been envisaged, saying

As you, Sir, announced earlier in the session, we propose to ask the House to set up an Estimates Committee to scrutinize the expenditure of each Department of Government and of the Government as a whole. Personally I am looking forward to the work of the Estimates Committee when it is set up because I think in two directions it is going to exert a healthy influence upon the course of public expenditure. In the first place, the suggestions and criticisms which may be made by the Estimates Committee would, in my judgement, give a useful direction and guidance to the Government in the matter of regulating expenditure. Secondly I think the knowledge that the expenditure of Government and of the various Departments of Government would be examined in detail by an independent authority set up by the House would act as a deterrent to extravagance in public expenditure.

Initially the membership of the committee was limited to 25 members, however, in 1956, the membership was expanded to 30 members.[2]

Scope and working

The functions of the committee as enshrined in Rule 310 of Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha are:

  • To report what economies, improvements in organisation, efficiency or administrative reform, consistent with the policy underlying the estimates may be effected
  • To suggest alternative policies in order to bring about efficiency and economy in administration
  • To examine whether the money is well laid out within the limits of the policy implied in the estimates
  • To suggest the form in which the estimates shall be presented to Parliament.

The committee from time to time selects the estimates pertaining to a ministry or department of the central government or such of the statutory and other bodies of the central government as may seem fit to the committee. The committee also examines matters of special interest which may arise in the course of its work or which are specially referred to it by the house or by the speaker.[4] The committee calls for preliminary materials from the relevant bodies in regard to the subjects selected for examination and also comments from non-officials connected with the subjects for the use of the members of the committee.

The committee does not exercise its functions in relation to such public sector undertakings as are allotted to the Committee on Public Undertakings by the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business of Lok Sabha or by the speaker.

Current composition

Keys:   BJP (16)   INC (2)   AIADMK (2)   AITC (2)   TDP (1)   BJD (1)   SS (1)   TRS (1)   CPI(M) (1)   RJD (1)   INLD (1)   JDU (1) = 30 members

Party-wise membership of Public Accounts Committee

  CPI(M) (3.33%)
  AIDMK (6.66%)
  AITC (6.66%)
  TDP (3.33%)
  TRS (3.33%)
  INC (6.66%)
  SS (3.33%)
  BJP (53.33%)
  BJD (3.33%)
  INLD (3.33%)
  JDU (3.33%)
  RJD (3.33%)
30 members from 16th Lok Sabha; tenure – May 2018-19[5]
Sr. No. Portrait Name Constituency, state Party
1 Murli Manohar Joshi MP Murli Manohar Joshi[a] Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh BJP
2 Ramesh Bidhuri Tughlakabad, Delhi
3 George Baker Anglo-Indian reserved seats
4 Ram Tahal Choudhary Ranchi, Jharkhand
5 Sona Ram Choudhary Barmer, Rajasthan
6 Ramen Deka Mangaldoi, Assam
7 Sanjay Shamrao Dhotre Akola, Maharashtra
8 Nishikant Dubey Godda, Jharkhand
9 Parvatagouda C Gaddigoudar Bagalkot, Karnataka
10 Raksha Khadse Raver, Maharashtra
11 Dr. Sanjay Jaiswal Paschim Champaran, Bihar
12 Rajesh Pandey Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh
13 Ravindra Kumar Pandey Giridih, Jharkhand
14 Bhagirath Prasad Bhind, Madhya Pradesh
15 Rajiv Pratap Rudy Saran, Bihar
16 Jugal Kishore Sharma Jammu, J&K
17 Ranjeet Ranjan Supaul, Bihar INC
18 Prakash Babanna Hukkeri Chikkodi, Karnataka
19 A. Arunmozhithevan Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu AIDMK
20 P Kumar Trichy, Tamil Nadu
21 Kalyan Banerjee Serampore, West Bengal AITC
22 Ratna De Hooghly, West Bengal
23 Kavitha Kalvakuntla Nizamabad, Telangana TRS
24 Kaushalendra Kumar Nalanda, Bihar JDU
25 Dushyant Chautala Hisar, Haryana INLD
26 Kristappa Nimmala Hindupur, Andhra Pradesh TDP
27 Mohammed Salim Raiganj, West Bengal CPI(M)
28 Kalikesh Narayan Singh Deo Bolangir, Odisha BJD
29 Arvind Ganpat Sawant Mumbai South, Maharashtra SS
30 Jay Prakash Narayan Yadav Banka, Bihar RJD
Notes
  1. ^ Chairperson of the committee for the current year.

Sub-committees

Currently there are two sub-committees within the estimates committee. They are as follows:

Sub-Committees of Public Accounts Committee India
Sr. No. Sub-committee Date constituted Portrait Convener Portrait Alternate convener
1 Sub-Committee – I

Drought situation in the country pertaining to the Ministry of Agriculture

and Farmers Welfare

25 June 2018 Sanjay Shamrao Dhotre Bhagirath Prasad
2 Sub-Committee - II

Education with special reference to the recent development

regarding autonomy in Education

25 June 2018 Rajesh Pandey Arvind Ganpat Sawant

Current subjects of examination

By the press release circulated on 17 May 2018, the committee released the subjects that it has selected for examination during the year 2018-19[6]

Subjects selected for examination by the committee for the year 2018-19 [6]
  • Import of Uranium for Nuclear Plants
  • Subsidising of Fertilizers
  • Mining Activities and Environment
  • Budgetary Reforms
  • Archives - Museums
  • PNG Network
  • Public Distribution System
  • Education
  • Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana
  • Drought situation in the Country
  • Impact of Mega Projects on Ecology
  • Botanical Survey of India and Botanical Gardens
  • Preparedness of Armed Forces – Defence Production and Procurement
  • Employment Generation and Role of MSME
  • Promotion of Yoga and Naturopathy
  • Rural Housing Fund
  • Amenities/Facilities at Public Places for persons with disabilities and Senior Citizens
  • Estimates and Functioning of National Highways
  • Estimates and Policy Aspects of the Department of Space
  • Estimates and Policy Aspects of the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region
  • Estimates and Policy Aspects of the Ministry of Food Processing Industries
  • Estimates and Policy Aspects of the Ministry of Earth Sciences
  • Review of Major and Medium Ports 23. Estimates and Review of Tourism Ministry
  • Management and Protection of Bird Sanctuaries and National Parks
  • Performance of the National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC)
  • All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
  • Minority Affairs
  • Collection and Utilisation of various kinds of Cess
  • Formulation of Standards for Edible Oil
  • Upgradation of Indian Post Offices
  • Enforcement Directorate and Recovery of Black Money
  • Swantantrata Sainik Samman Pension Scheme, 1980
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojna
  • Need for alternate cropping patterns in drought affected areas in India
  • Measuring Growth, Employment and Incomes
  • Review of Imports, Exports and Balance of Payments
  • Redevelopment Plan of Government Colonies
  • Review of Functioning of CGHS
  • Real Estate Regulatory Mechanism
  • Encroachment of Public Land for Commercial Activities
  • Electrification of Trains
  • Review of Infrastructural Projects in various Holy Cities
  • Land Policy for Non-Agricultural Lands 46. Border Area Development Programme

Probes in recent years

Ganga rejuvenation (2016)

The committee noted in its May 2016 report that the river Ganga has been declared one of the ten most polluted rivers of the world. The committee outlined the gist of numerous recommendations as

In view of the incalculable damage caused to the "Nirmalta" and "Aviralta" of the river due to continued emptying of untreated sewage and industrial pollutants into the Ganga despite the efforts made under Ganga Action Plan –Iⅈ excessive use of chemical fertilizers in the Ganga basin leading to disposal of high levels of nitrogen and phosphorus which eventually drains into surface and subsurface water which is part of the Ganga river system and the multiplicity of authorities wanting in synergy, the Committee recommend that an overarching and empowered authority be set up for securing the 'nirmalta' and 'aviralta' and rejuvenation of the Ganga without further delay.

Indian activist G. D. Agrawal passed away at the age of 86, following a 15-week hunger strike aimed at protesting the state of the Ganges river. He was a former professor of environmental engineering at IIT Kanpur.[7]

Banking sector NPAs (2018)

The supreme court in 2016 took suo muto cognisance of reports of bad debts asking RBI to share publicly names of all defaulters who owe over 500 crore (equivalent to 568 crore or US$75 million in 2020), since in 2015 the top ten public sector banks had written off 40,000 crore (equivalent to 450 billion or US$6.0 billion in 2020).[8] As of December 2017, this toxic debt problem worsened as it touched 899,000 crore (equivalent to 10 trillion or US$140 billion in 2020) with public sector banks(PSBs) accounting for over 86% of the pie roughly 777,000 crore (equivalent to 8.8 trillion or US$120 billion in 2020)[9][10] In September 2018, the Joshi led committee sent notices to the coal and power ministries asking for explanations on mounting NPAs in the sectors.[11]

GDP norms issue (2018)

The committee noted in its report titled "Measuring growth, employment and income" that there are several parameters that need to be factored into the calculation of the GDP, like indicators to gauge the environmental resource decay and replenishment efforts made to compensate the loss concluding that - " The committee strongly recommends the government to have mechanisms by coming up with new measures of GDP estimation and statistical measurement of other socio-economic factors "[12][13]

Chairpersons

Chairpersons of the committee (1950–present)

Sr. No. Name Term of office Terms Political party

(Alliance)

1 M. A. Ayyangar 1950-54 4 INC
2 Balwantray G. Mehta 1954-59 5
3 H.C. Dasappa 1959-63 4
4 Arun C. Guha 1963-67 4
5 P. Venkatasubbaiah 1967-69 2
6 M. Thirumala Rao 1969-71 2
7 Kamal Nath Tewari 1971-74 3
8 R K. Sinha 1974-76 2
9 Bhagwat Jha Azad 1976-77 1
10 Satyendra Narayan Sinha 1977-79 2
11 Baldev Prakash 1979 partial JP
12 S.B.P. Pattabhi Rama Rao 1980-82 2 INC
13 Bansi Lal 1982-85 3
14 Chintamani Panigrahi 1985-86 1
15 Chandra Tripathi 1987-88 1
16 Asutosh Laha 1988-89 1
17 Jaswant Singh 1990-91 1 BJP
18 Manoranjan Bhakta 1991-93 2 INC
19 Krupasindhu Bhoi 1993-95 2
20 S.B. Sidnal 1995-96 1
21 Rupchand Pal 1996-98 2 CPI(M)
22 Madhukar Sarpotdar 1998-99 1 SS
23 Ummareddy Venkateswarlu 1999-2004 5 INC
24 C. Kuppuswami 2004-09 5 DMK
25 Francisco Sardinha 2009-14 5 INC
26 Murli Manohar Joshi 2014-19 5 BJP
27 Girish Bapat 2019-24 5 BJP

Longest serving chairpersons of committee on estimates

Sr. No. Name Terms Years Party
1 Balwantray G. Mehta 1954-59 5 INC
2 Ummareddy Venkateswarlu 1999-2004 5
3 C. Kuppuswami 2004-09 5 DMK
4 Francisco Sardinha 2009-14 5 INC
5 Murli Manohar Joshi 2014-2019 5 BJP
6 M. A. Ayyangar 1950-54 4 INC

Reports published

As part of its oversight process the committee has published quite a number of reports over the course of its existence. The committee has published a total of 1118 reports from 1950 to 2018. Out of these, 624 are the original reports and 494 are reports on action taken by the government on corresponding reports of the committee.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Murli Manohar Joshi to head Estimates Committee; Shanta Kumar is COPU chief". The Economic Times. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b Secretariat, Lok Sabha (1993). Parliament of India, the Ninth Lok Sabha, 1989-1991: A Study. Northern Book Centre. p. 38. ISBN 978-81-7211-019-2.
  3. ^ "M M Joshi, Shanta Kumar reappointed chiefs of parliamentary panel". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  4. ^ Arora, Ramesh Kumar (1995). Indian Public Administration: Institutions and Issues. New Age International. p. 516. ISBN 9788173280689.
  5. ^ "Committee homepage".
  6. ^ a b "Press Release - Selection of Subjects (2018-19)" (PDF).
  7. ^ Ray, Saptarshi (11 October 2018). "Indian activist dies after 15 week hunger strike over state of the Ganges River". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Bad debts: RBI gives Supreme Court defaulter list, with confidentiality rider". The Indian Express. 31 March 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  9. ^ "Murli Manohar Joshi headed committee wants Raghuram Rajan's insights on the NPA crisis". www.businesstoday.in. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  10. ^ "CEA Arvind Subramanian praises Raghuram Rajan for identifying NPA problem". The Indian Express. 11 July 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Murli Manohar Joshi-led panel slams govt over NPAs". India Today. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  12. ^ Raghavan, T. c a Sharad; Nair, Sobhana K. (12 October 2018). "Estimates panel wants GDP norms changed". The Hindu (in en-IN). ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 14 October 2018.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  13. ^ Manoj, C. L. (12 October 2018). "BJP MPs block Murli Manohar Joshi's pitch for review of GDP mechanism". The Economic Times. Retrieved 14 October 2018.

External links

  • Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha 2014
  • Lok Sabha - Estimates committee homepage
  • Selected subjects for examination during 2018–19
  • Press release - Ganga Rejuvenation report 2016