Etchells

Summary

The International Etchells Class is a racing class of one-design sailing boats, designed by American Skip Etchells.[1]

Etchells logo.png
Etchells War Kanu.jpg
Development
DesignerE. W. Etchells
LocationUnited States
Year1966
Builder(s)Bashford Boat Builders
Sydney Yachts
Pamcraft
Ontario Yachts
Robertson and Sons Ltd.
David Heritage Racing Yachts
Petticrows Limited
Boat
Boat weight3,325 lb (1,508 kg)
Draft4.50 ft (1.37 m)
Hull
TypeMonohull
ConstructionFiberglass
LOA30.50 ft (9.30 m)
LWL22.00 ft (6.71 m)
Beam7.00 ft (2.13 m)
Hull appendages
Keel/board typefin keel
Ballast2,175 lb (987 kg)
Rudder(s)skeg-mounted rudder
Rig
Rig typeBermuda rig
I foretriangle height27.60 ft (8.41 m)
J foretriangle base8.00 ft (2.44 m)
P mainsail luff32.50 ft (9.91 m)
E mainsail foot11.50 ft (3.51 m)
Sails
SailplanFractional rigged sloop
Mainsail area186.88 sq ft (17.362 m2)
Jib/genoa area110.40 sq ft (10.256 m2)
Total sail area297.28 sq ft (27.618 m2)

ProductionEdit

The first 36 boats were built by Skip Etchells and the Old Greenwich Boat Company between 1967 to 1969.[2] In the early 1970s Skip Etchells finished hulls which were moulded for him by Tillotson-Pearson.[2]

Since being established as a one-design class, boats have been built by numerous other manufacturers, including Bashford Boat Builders (later known as Sydney Yachts), Pamcraft and Phil Smidmore (trading as Pacesetter Etchells PTY.) in Australia,[3][4] Ontario Yachts in Canada, and Robertson and Sons Ltd., David Heritage Racing Yachts and Petticrows Limited, all in the United Kingdom.[1]

Mold 11 controversyEdit

In 2010, the International Etchells Class Association of Australia was granted permission to build a new mold for the production of Etchells hulls.[5] At the time there were three other molds being used - mold #8 was used by Ontario Yachts; mold #9 by Bashford and then Smidmore; Heritage and Petticrows used mold #10.[5]

The three existing molds were made from the same plug, but 3D scans made by the One Design Technical Committee (ODTC) between 2005 and 2008 showed variations between the hulls they produced, and ODTC had since expressed the desire to standardise on a single hull form which would be used in the production of all future molds.[5][6]

The Australian Association proposed basing the new mold on the Heritage one[5] - this would ensure hull conformity between the two manufacturers, and supposed that Ontario Yachts would adopt the same shape when replacing their mold in the future. Instead permission was granted to produce a mold based on the ODTC's 3D scanning data,[5] an average or composite of the three existing hull forms that made up the majority of the worldwide racing fleets; the existent data was not complete enough for this, and further scanning was required.[5]

The mold was licensed to Pacesetter Yachts and used to manufacture 24[7] or 25[5] hulls over a period of about a decade. Although the ODTC expressed concern about a scan of the second hull produced by the new mold, a report by the Etchells Class Chief Measurer stated "The Etchells made from Mould 11 are in every way an Etchells in accordance with the Etchells Class Rules, Tolerances and Specifications."[5]

It was not until Australian success at the 2019 Etchells World Championship that questions were raised about the hulls produced by mold #11, and in 2021 the newly-elected International Governing Committee (IGC) of the International Etchells Class Association (IECA) declared that boats built with it were "effectively not Etchells Class yachts" and ineligible to compete in the class.[7][8]

The justification for this decision was that mold #11 had never been approved by World Sailing,[7] but it also claimed "It has … been discovered by scans and floatation tests of boats from all three moulds that M11 produces boats which have a longer water line, less rocker, are flatter in the middle and fuller in the ends. The differences are material, far greater than can be explained away by minor variances due to manufacturing tolerances."[9][8]

The IGC statement implied that the Australian Association were responsible for the differences, that mold #11 was "produced … by massaging scan data which came from the official plug, obviating the need to ship the plug to Australia", that "the method approved by the IGC" had not been followed, and that it was a "deviation" from the class rules.[8] The president of the International Etchells Class Association of Australia called this "a distorted, misleading and biased view of the facts… in many material respects grossly wrong."[10]

It emerged that the class association and World Sailing had no records of approval of molds #8, #9 and #10, thus calling into doubt the entitlement of other boats to compete in the class - boats from all current Etchells builders would be affected, including those from Ontario Yachts and David Heritage.[7] On 30 September, owners of mold #11 boats wrote to the International Etchells Class Association demanding they reverse their decision or apply it equally to the other boats.[7]

On 9 October 2021 World Sailing CEO David Graham, in a letter to the International Etchells Class Association, stated that there are clear issues with Mould 11, that World Sailing has no record of any approval of Mould 11, that measurement alone does not make a boat an Etchells, that it appears Mould 11 is materially different from other moulds and plugs, and that all hulls from Mould 11 have in fact been produced by Innovation Composites, rather than Pacesetter Yachts, which means they have been built by an unauthorised builder. Graham also noted that if Pacesetter Yachts had subcontracted the building of the boats, or transferred tooling, to another party, then Pacesetter Yachts was in breach of its licence.[citation needed]

DesignEdit

In 1965, Yachting Magazine launched a competition to select a new three man Olympic keelboat. E. W. "Skip" Etchells, a boat designer, builder and sailor, was interested in the competition, but refrained from producing a design until the trials were announced. However, once the details became available, he built the wooden Shillalah, taking her to Kiel, Germany, where the trials were to be held in the fall of 1966.[2][11]

Shillalah performed well at the trials, winning eight of the ten races. Nevertheless, the judges were unable to agree on a winner, and thus a second set of trials were held in Travemünde the following year. For these trials Etchells rebuilt the boat in fiberglass, using the original Shillalah as a plug. As with the first trials, Shillalah II (as the new boat was named) dominated the races, winning ten out of the thirteen that were held, and only just missing out on an eleventh.[2]

At the completion of the trials the judges chose the Soling over Shillalah II, in spite of her success in the races. However, the boat's performance had won converts, and shortly thereafter the boat entered production with orders for an initial 12 boats. With the formation of a new association the class became known as the E22, and 32 boats were built by Etchells' company by the end of 1969.[2] The E22 was recognised as an International class by the International Yacht Racing Union in 1974,[12] and the name was changed to "International Etchells" in 1990.[12]

The Etchells is a racing keelboat, built predominantly of fiberglass. It has a fractional sloop rig, a spooned raked stem, a raised counter reverse transom, a skeg-mounted rudder controlled by a tiller and a fixed fin keel. It displaces 3,325 lb (1,508 kg) and carries 2,175 lb (987 kg) of lead ballast.[1]

The boat has a draft of 4.50 ft (1.37 m) with the standard keel.[1]

Designed for racer and day sailing, the boat has a small cuddy cabin without bunks, designed for stowage only.[13]

For sailing the boat has a central control console that gathers many of the sail controls. These include the 8:1 mechanical advantage jib halyard, 4:1 Cunningham, 4:1 mainsheet, foreguy and the topping lift. Other controls are led to the cuddy cabin's aft bulkhead, including the 2:1 course jib sheet, 6:1 fine jib tuner, 2:1 barber hauler and the spinnaker halyard. There is also a 6:1 adjustable backstay and a mainsheet traveler.[13]

Operational historyEdit

World ChampionshipEdit

Ref:[14]

Gold Silver Bronze
1975 Marblehead
  United States
26 Boats
US 152
  Randy Bartholomew (USA)
US 141
  George Hinman (USA)
  William Kelly (USA)
US 92
  Peter Godfrey (USA)
1976 Newport
  United States
32 Boats
US 62 - Big Red
  David Curtis (USA)
  Bob Danforth (USA)
US 152 - Noni
  J.R. Bartholomew (USA)
KA 16 - Manatee
  Bruce J. Ritchie (AUS)
1977 Palm Beech
  Australia
42 Boats
KA 68
  Frank Tolhurst (AUS)
  Norman Hyett (AUS)
  John Stanley (AUS)
KA 59
  Peter O'Donnell (AUS)
KA 85
  Carl Ryves (AUS)
1978 Balboa
  United States
? Boats
US 355
  David Curtis (USA)
Robert McCann
Robbie Haines
US 136
  Rick Howard (USA)
  Jud Smith (USA)
John Nystedt
US 92
  Peter Godfrey (USA)
Dick Kaseler
James Hardenbaugh
1979 Toronto
  Canada
45 Boats
KA 98
  John Savage (AUS)
  Steve Wheeler (AUS)
  Andrew Buckland (AUS)
US 466
  David Curtis (USA)
Bob McCann
Peter Warren
US 355
  Tim Hogan (USA)
Brooks Benjamin
Scott Ramser
1980 Brighton
  Australia
35 Boats
KA 59
  Peter O'Donnell (AUS)
US 466
  David Curtis (USA)
KA 98
  J.Savage (AUS)
1981 Marblehead
  United States
69 Boats
US 500
  David Curtis (USA)
Bob McCann
Jamie Hardenburgh|
KA 59
  Peter O'Donnell (AUS)
R Coxon
R Lawson
US 125
  Don Bever (USA)
Richard Lavelli
Chris Drake
1982 San Francisco
  United States
41 Boats
US 500
  David Curtis (USA)
Bruce Dyson
Jamie Hardenburgh
US 273
  Ben Altman (USA)
Russ Silvestri
Craig Lyons
KA 148
  Barry Nesbitt (AUS)
Phil Smidmore
Colin Bate
1983 Rye
  United States
? Boats
  David Curtis (USA)
1984 Sydney
  Australia
? Boats
  Iain Murray (AUS)
1985 Balboa
  United States
? Boats
  David Curtis (USA)
1986 Toronto
  Canada
? Boats
US - Firing Line
  Bruce Burton (USA)
  Glen Burton (USA)
1987 Marblehead
  United States
? Boats
  Bruce Burton (USA)
1988 Newport
  Australia
? Boats
  John Savage (AUS)
1989 San Diego
  United States
? Boats
  Larry Klein (USA)
1990 Fremantle
  Australia
? Boats
K
  Chris Law (GBR)
Billingham
Hanson
1991 San Francisco
  Australia
38 Boats
US 873
  Dennis Conner (USA)
Bill Munster
Norm Reynolds
US 706
  Peter Isler (USA)
Bob Billingham
Bob Fodor
US 528
  Jeff Madrigall (USA)
Jorge Lee
Jeff Wayne
1992 Larchmont
  United States
66 Boats
US 909 - Whip
  David Curtis (USA)
Jamie Hardenburgh
Tom Olsen
KC 54 - Boat
  Eric Koppernaes (CAN)
Larry Creaser
Gavin Flinn
US 790 - Lunkmeyer
  Larry Klein (USA)
Buras
Rosenburg
1993 Brisbane
  Australia
78 Boats
AUS 326 - The Boat
  Colin Beashel (AUS)
  David Hiles (AUS)
  Richard Urchtritz (AUS)
AUS 294 - Golden Parachute
Ian Brown
Barry Watson
John Dorling
AUS 348 - Two Saints and a Magpie
John Bertrand
Bill Browne

Ernest Lawrence
1994 Balboa
  United States
? Boats
USA
  Dennis Conner (USA)
Rodi
Jarvin
1995 Brighton
  Australia
? Boats
  Australia
Colin Beashel
Giles
Uechtritz
1996 Cowes
  Great Britain
64 Boats
GBR 117
  Adam Gosling (GBR)
  David Howlett (GBR)
  Mark Covell (GBR)
USA 63
  Jud Smith (USA)
AUS 384
  Peter Conde (AUS)
1997
  Hong Kong
30 Boats
DEN 1067
  Poul Richard Høj Jensen (DEN)
Paul Blowers
  Steve Mitchell (GBR)
AUS 372
  Colin Beashel (AUS)
Richard Uechtritz
David Giles
AUS 379
  Noel Drennan (AUS)
Nick Williams
Wayne Johnson
1998 Marblehead
  United States
? Boats
CAN 69
Dirk Kneulman
Paul Sustronk
Alan Harvey
NZL 300
  Russell Coutts (AUS)
Brad Butterworth
Mat Mason
USA 1073
Peter Duncan
Bill Barton
Tom Blackwell
1999 Pittwater
  Australia
68 Boats
AUS 420
Cameron Miles
James Mayo
Andrew Palfrey
AUS 424
Ian Walker
Nick Williams
Matt Wenke
AUS 337
Peter McNeil
Bill Wawn
James Mayjor
2000 San Diego
  United States
Boats 74
Vince Brun
Bill Bennett
Rick Merriman
USA 986
  Bruce Nelson (USA)
Jon Rogers
Mike Dorgan
USA 706
  Peter Isler (USA)
Steve Grillion
Artie Means
2001 Lymington
  Great Britain
Boats 61
GBR 987
  Stuart Childerley (GBR)
  Simon Russel (GBR)
Nick Pearson
AUS 1187
  Cameron Miles (AUS)
  Phil Smidmore (AUS)
James Mayjor
GBR 1195
  Poul Richard Høj Jensen (DEN)
  Paul Blowers (GBR)
  Steve Mitchell (GBR)
2002 Gulf Harbour
  New Zealand
98 Boats
GBR 987
  Stuart Childerley (GBR)
  Simon Russel (GBR)
Roger Marino
AUS 874
[  Mark Bradford (AUS)
Mike O'Brien
Gary Adshead
AUS 650
  Cameron Miles (AUS)
  Phil Smidmore (AUS)
  James Mayjor (AUS)
2003 Greenwich
  United States
83 Boats
USA 1262
  Ken Read (USA)
Scott Norris
Karl Anderson
USA 1221
  Jud Smith (USA)
Henry Frazer
Andrew Wills
AUS 1271
  [Cameron Miles]] (AUS)
[  Phil Smidmore (AUS)
James Mayjor
2004 Mooloolaba
  Australia
? Boats
AUS
  Peter McNeill (AUS)
Paul Turner
Greg Torpy
AUS
  Cameron Miles (AUS)
Chris Links
David Sampson
AUS
  Glenn Collings (AUS)
Steve Young
Jake Gunther
2005 Richmond
  United States
? Boats
USA
  Tito González (USA)
Bill Mauk
Jeff Linton
Diego González
USA
  Samuel Kahn (USA)
Brian Lee
Jeff Madngali
Adrian Finglas
AUS
  Iain Murray (AUS)
  George Szabo (USA)
  Andrew Palfrey (AUS)
2006 Fremantle
  Australia
? Boats
USA
  Jud Smith (USA)
Dirk Kneulman
Andrew Wills
Thomas Saunders
NZL
  Alastair Gair (NZL)
David Ridley
Carl Peters
Derek Scott
Ante Razmilovic|GBR}
Jez Fanstone
Stuart Flinn
2007 Cowes
  Great Britain
? Boats
GBR
  Andy Beadsworth (GBR)
Oscar Strugstad
Simon Fry
USA
  Jud Smith (USA)
David McClintock
Steve Girling
GBR
  Ante Razmilovic (GBR)
Jez Fanstone
Stuart Flinn
2008 Chicago
  United States
? Boats
USA
  Bill Hardesty (USA)
Erik Shampain
Steve Hunt
Jennifer Wilson
USA
  Chris Busch (USA)
Chad Hough
Chuck Sinks
Peter Burton
USA
  Judson Smith (USA)
Henry Frazer
James Porter
2009 Melbourne
  Australia
? Boats
AUS
  Jason Muir (AUS)
Matthew Chew
Paul Wyatt
Bucky Smith
AUS
  Damien King (AUS)
Simon Cunnington
James Ware
Andrew Butler
AUS
  John Bertrand (AUS)
  Andrew Palfrey (AUS)
  Ben Ainslie (GBR)
2010 Dublin
  Ireland
43 Boats
AUS 1383 - Triad
  John Bertrand (AUS)
  Andrew Palfrey (AUS)
  Tom Slingsby (AUS)
HKG 1333 - Swedish Blue
  Ante Razmilovic (GBR)
AUS 924 - Barry
  D King (AUS)
  S Cunnington (AUS)
2011 San Diego
  United States
? Boats
USA
  Bill Hardesty (USA)
Steve Hunt
Mandi Markee
Craig Leweck
AUS
  Noel Drennan (AUS)
Anthony Nossiter
William McCarthy
USA
  Vincent Brun (USA)
Benjamin Mitchell
Bradley Rodi
Johannes McElvain
2012 Sydney
  Australia
75 Boats
AUS 925- Iron Lotus
  Tom King (AUS)
Ivan Wheen
Owen McMahon
David Edwards
AUS 947 - Magpie
  Graeme Taylor (AUS)
AUS 1383- Triad
  John Bertrand (AUS)
2013
  Italy
41 Boats
USA - The Martian
  Marvin Beckmann (USA)
  Steven Hunt (USA)
  Ezra Culver (USA)
USA - Raging Rooster
  Peter S. Duncan (USA)
  Jud Smith (USA)
Thomas Blackwell
GBR - Swedish Blue
  Ante Razmilovic (GBR)
  Chris Larson (USA)
  Stuart Flinn (GBR)
2014 Newport
  United States
? Boats
USA - Line Honors
  Bill Hardesty (USA)
  Taylor Canfield (ISV)
  Stephanie Roble (USA)
  Marcus Eeagan (USA)
GBR - Swedish Blue
  Ante Razmilovic (GBR)
  Chris Larson (USA)
  Stuart Flinn (GBR)
USA - The Martian
  Marvin Beckmann (USA)
Steve Hunt
Ezra Culver
2015
  Hong Kong
43 Boats
USA 1372
Skip Dieball
Jon McClean
Jeff Eiber
USA 1262
  Steve Benjamin (USA)
George Peet
Luke Lawrence
Meihan Cheung
AUS 947
Graeme Taylor
  Grant Simmer (USA)
Steve Jarvin
2016 Cowes
  Great Britain
58 Boats
AUS 1383
John Bertrand
Paul Blowers
Ben Lamb
USA 1262
Stephen Benjamin
Michael Menninger
Ian Liberty
George Peet
SIN 1333
Noel Drennan
Brian Hammersley
Andrew Mills
2017 San Francisco
  United States
51 Boats
USA 1427
  Steve Benjamin (USA)
Dave Hughes
Ian Liberty
Michael Menninger
AUS 947
Graeme Taylor
James Mayo
Steve Jarvin
USA 1349
Senet Bischoff
Ben Kinney
Clay Bischoff
2018 Brisbane
  Australia
94 Boats
AUS 1449
  Martin Hill (AUS)
Sean O'Rourke
Julian Plante
  Mathew Belcher (AUS)
HKG 1406
  Mark Thornburrow (AUS)
Mike Huang
Alexander Conway
  Will Ryan (AUS)
AUS 864
  Matthew Chew (AUS)
Brian Donovan
Ben Vercoe
Ashley Deeks
2019 Corpus Christi, Texas
  United States
37 Boats
AUS 1461 Havoc
  Iain Murray (AUS)
  Colin Beashel (AUS)
  Richard Allanson (AUS)
AUS 1447 Magpie
  Graeme Taylor (AUS)
James Mayo
  Tom Slingsby (AUS)
USA 1427 Stella Blue
  Steve Benjamin (USA)
Michael Menninger
Ian Liberty
Jonathan Goldsberry

Famous Etchells sailorsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Etchells Class sailboat". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 26 September 2020. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e "A Brief History of the Etchells Class". Etchells (International Association). Archived from the original on 15 June 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2010.
  3. ^ "A Brief History of the Etchells Class". sail-world.com. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  4. ^ "Former World Champ secures Etchells Pre-Worlds". 2018etchellsworlds.org. 17 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2021. Iron Lotus (AUS 1442) is one of the new Pacesetter Etchells built by Australia II crew member, Phil Smidmore.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Mark Roberts (1 February 2021). "NEWS - Information about the Etchells Mould 11". etchells.org.au. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  6. ^ One Design Technical Committee. "Hull Documentation and Specification Project" (PDF). etchells.org. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  7. ^ a b c d e John Curnow (8 October 2021). "Etchells – Just which one is the cheater boat now?". sail-world.com. Archived from the original on 8 October 2021. Retrieved 9 October 2021.
  8. ^ a b c Cumming, Andy (22 January 2021). "Message From Class Chairman, Andy Cumming". etchells.org. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  9. ^ "Future of Etchells Class in the balance". Scuttlebutt Sailing News. 25 January 2021. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  10. ^ Mark Roberts. "An important message from the President of the Australian Association" (PDF). sailingscuttlebutt.com. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Etchells Class in Australia". International Etchells Class Association of Australia Inc. Retrieved 16 April 2010.
  12. ^ a b "Etchells". boatgen.com.au. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  13. ^ a b Sherwood, Richard M.: A Field Guide to Sailboats of North America, Second Edition, pages 134-135. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1994. ISBN 0-395-65239-1
  14. ^ International Etchells Class Association (2021). "World Champions". etchells.org. Archived from the original on 24 September 2021. Retrieved 12 October 2021.

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Etchells at Wikimedia Commons