Eukelade

Summary

Eukelade
Eukelade s2003j1movie arrow.gif
Images of Eukelade taken by Scott Sheppard on 4 March 2003
Discovery
Discovered byScott S. Sheppard et al.
Discovery date2003
Designations
Designation
Jupiter XLVII
Pronunciation/jˈkɛləd/
Named after
Ευκελάδη Eykeladē
S/2003 J 1
AdjectivesEukeladean /ˌjuːkɪləˈdən/
Orbital characteristics[2]
23661000 km
Eccentricity0.272
−693.02 days[1]
98.4°
Inclination165.5°
206.3°
325.6°
Satellite ofJupiter
GroupCarme group
Physical characteristics
Mean diameter
4 km
22.6
15.9[1]

Eukelade /jˈkɛləd/, also known as Jupiter XLVII, is a retrograde irregular satellite of Jupiter. It was discovered by a team of astronomers from the University of Hawaii led by Scott S. Sheppard in 2003, and received the temporary designation S/2003 J 1.[3][4][5]

Eukelade is about 4 kilometres in diameter, and orbits Jupiter at an average distance of 23,484,000 km in 693.02 days, at an inclination of 164° to the ecliptic (165° to Jupiter's equator), in a retrograde direction and with an eccentricity of 0.2829.

It was named in March 2005 after Eucelade, described by some Greek writers as one of the Muses, and thus a daughter of Zeus (Jupiter).[6][7]

Eukelade belongs to the Carme group, made up of irregular retrograde moons orbiting Jupiter at a distance ranging between 23 and 24 Gm and at an inclination of about 165°.

References

  1. ^ a b "M.P.C. 127088" (PDF). Minor Planet Circular. Minor Planet Center. 17 November 2020.
  2. ^ S.S. Sheppard (2019), Moons of Jupiter, Carnegie Science, on line
  3. ^ IAUC 8087: Satellites of Jupiter 2003 March 4 (discovery)
  4. ^ MPEC 2003-E11: S/2003 J 1, 2003 J 2, 2003 J 3, 2003 J 4, 2003 J 5, 2003 J 6, 2003 J 7 2003 March 4 (discovery and ephemeris)
  5. ^ MPEC 2003-E29: S/2003 J 9, 2003 J 10, 2003 J 11, 2003 J 12; S/2003 J 1, 2003 J 6 2003 April 3 (revised ephemeris)
  6. ^ IAUC 8502: Satellites of Jupiter 2005 March 30 (naming the moon)
  7. ^ Scholies d’Hésiode Archived 2006-12-06 at the Wayback Machine (in Greek and French, translation by Michel Tichit), EducNet MusAgora: Les Muses dans la littérature grecque ancienne Archived 2007-08-27 at the Wayback Machine