Europium(III) bromide

Summary

Europium(III) bromide (or Europium tribromide) is a crystalline compound, a salt, made of one europium and three bromine atoms.[2] Europium tribromide is a grey powder at room temperature.[2] It is odorless.[5] Europium tribromide is hygroscopic.[6]

Europium(III) bromide
Names
IUPAC name
Tribromoeuropium
Identifiers
  • 560069-78-5
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
ECHA InfoCard 100.033.939 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 237-349-5
  • 83707
  • DTXSID9065609 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1S/3BrH.Eu/h3*1H;/q;;;+2/p-3
    Key: GJTREPCQBHSSHK-UHFFFAOYSA-K
  • [Eu+2].[Br-].[Br-].[Br-]
Properties
EuBr3
Molar mass 391.68 g[1]
Melting point 702 °C (1,296 °F; 975 K)[1]
Will dissolve[2]
Thermochemistry
50.7 ± 3[3]
-186.1 ± 3[3]
-179.3 ± 3[3]
Hazards
GHS labelling:
GHS07: Exclamation mark
Warning
H315, H319, H335[4]
P261, P264, P271, P280, P302+P352, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P312, P362, P403+P233[4]
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
0
1
1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

ReactionsEdit

When vaporized Europium(III) bromide reacts by the equation:

  • 2 EuBr3 → 2 Eu + 3 Br2[3][7]

Europium(III) bromide is also created through the equations:

  • 4 EuBr2+ 4 HBr → 4 EuBr3 + 2 H2[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Elements, American. "Europium(III) Bromide". American Elements. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Phillips, Sidney L.; Perry, Dale L. (1995). Handbook of inorganic compounds. Boca Raton: CRC Press. p. 159. ISBN 9780849386718.
  3. ^ a b c d Haschke, John M. "The phase equilibria, vaporization behavior, and thermodynamic properties of europium tribromide". University of Michigan. Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Europium(III) Bromide" (PDF). Prochem. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Europium(III) bromide hydrate, White crystalline, Reaction, 99.99% (REO)". www.fishersci.com. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Europium (III) Bromide | 13759-88-1". www.chemicalbook.com. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Hydrogen Production Options for Water-Cooled Nuclear Power Plants International Conference on Non-Electric Applications of Nuclear Power" (PDF). Argonne. Retrieved 23 December 2016.