Eurovision Song Contest 1974

Summary

Eurovision Song Contest 1974
ESC 1974 logo.png
Dates
Final6 April 1974
Host
VenueThe Dome
Brighton, United Kingdom
Presenter(s)Katie Boyle
ConductorRonnie Hazlehurst
Directed byMichael Hurll
Executive supervisorClifford Brown
Executive producerBill Cotton
Host broadcasterBritish Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
Interval actThe Wombles
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/brighton-1974 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries17
Debuting countries Greece
Returning countriesNone
Non-returning countries France
Vote
Voting systemTen-member juries distributed ten points among their favourite songs.
Nul pointsNone
Winning song Sweden
"Waterloo"

The Eurovision Song Contest 1974 was the 19th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest.

It was held in the seaside resort of Brighton on the south coast of the United Kingdom. The BBC agreed to stage the event after Luxembourg, having won in both 1972 and 1973, declined on the grounds of expense to host the contest for a second consecutive year.[1]

The winner of the Contest was Sweden with the song "Waterloo" which was performed by ABBA, who went on to become one of the most popular recording acts of all time. Sweden's win was their first, which was the first victory for the country from the Scandinavian Peninsula[1] Katie Boyle returned to host her fourth Eurovision Song Contest (after hosting the 1960, 1963 and 1968 contests).

Location

Brighton Dome, United Kingdom – host venue of the 1974 contest.

Brighton is the major part of the city of Brighton and Hove (formed from the previous towns of Brighton, Hove, Portslade and several other villages) on the south coast of Great Britain.

The venue which hosted the 1974 Contest was the Brighton Dome, an arts venue that contains the Concert Hall, the Corn Exchange and the Pavilion Theatre. All three venues are linked to the rest of the Royal Pavilion Estate by a tunnel to the Royal Pavilion in Pavilion Gardens and through shared corridors to Brighton Museum, as the entire complex was built for the Prince Regent (later George IV) and completed in 1805.

Format

A two-night preview programme, Auftakt für Brighton (Prelude for Brighton), was coordinated by the German national broadcaster ARD broadcast at the end of March and was hosted by the journalist Karin Tietze-Ludwig. It was the first "preview"-type programme to be broadcast in many European countries simultaneously (traditionally each national broadcaster puts together their own preview programme).[2] The UK did not broadcast the programmes, instead airing their own preview shows introduced by David Vine on BBC1 on 24 and 31 March.[3] The French entry was broadcast by all the nations showing the previews, even though the song was withdrawn from the Eurovision final itself. The programme was also notable in being the European television debut for the winners, ABBA, who were credited in previews as "The Abba".[1]

Incidents

The United Kingdom was represented in the contest by the (British-born) Australian pop singer Olivia Newton-John, who finished in fourth place with the song "Long Live Love". As noted by author and historian John Kennedy O'Connor in his book The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History, Olivia disliked this song and preferred others from the UK heat, but "Long Live Love" was chosen as the UK's entry by a public postal vote.[4]

France had been drawn to sing at No. 14 (after Ireland and before Germany) with the song "La vie à vingt-cinq ans" ("Life At 25") by Dani, but as a mark of respect following the death of the French President, Georges Pompidou, during Eurovision week, French broadcaster ORTF made the decision to withdraw the entry. Since President Pompidou's memorial service (he was buried in a private ceremony on 4 April), which was attended by international dignitaries, was held the day of the contest, it was deemed inappropriate for the French to take part. Dani was seen by viewers in the audience at the point the French song should have been performed. For the same reason, the French singer Anne-Marie David, who had won the first place for Luxembourg in 1973, could not come to Brighton to hand the prize to the 1974 winner.[1][4] In her absence, the Director General of the BBC and President of the EBU, Sir Charles Curran, presented the Grand Prix.[citation needed]

Malta had selected Enzo Guzman with the song "Paċi Fid-Dinja" (Peace in the World) to represent them, but withdrew from the contest for unknown reasons. Malta returned to the competition in 1975.[1]

Italy refused to broadcast the televised contest on the state television channel RAI because the contest coincided with the intense political campaigning for the 1974 Italian referendum on divorce, which was held a month later in May. RAI felt that Gigliola Cinquetti's song, which was entitled "", and repeatedly featured the word "si" (yes),[5] could be accused of being a subliminal message and a form of propaganda to influence the Italian voting public to vote "yes" in the referendum. The song was not played on most Italian state TV and radio stations for over a month.[4]

Portugal's entry "E depois do adeus" was used as the first of the two signals to launch the Carnation Revolution against the Estado Novo regime. Played on a Portuguese radio station late in the evening of 24 April 1974, the broadcasting of the song alerted the rebel, largely left-wing captains and soldiers to prepare to begin the successful military coup. The second song to be broadcast, marking the actual start of military operations of the coup, was Grândola, Vila Morena by Zeca Afonso (but with no Eurovision Song Contest connection). John Kennedy O'Connor described "E depois do adeus" as "the only Eurovision entry to have actually started a revolution" (which is quite ironic as the song came in last), while Des Mangan suggests that other Portuguese entries (he mentions "Se Eu Te Pudesse Abraçar" (1998)) would not be likely to inspire coups.[4]

In 1974, during the dictatorship in Greece, rock band Nostradamos won the first Eurovision participation contest ran by the state broadcaster ERT to represent Greece at Eurovision.[6] However, due to a scandal, the band was not allowed to compete at Eurovision, and Greek laiko singer Marinella was sent instead.[6]

Participating countries

Seventeen nations took part in this year's contest. Greece made their début, while France withdrew during the week of the contest after the sudden death of French President Georges Pompidou.[1]

Conductors

Each performance had a conductor who conducted the orchestra.[7][8]

Jean-Claude Petit was scheduled to conduct the French entry before France's last minute withdrawal.[9]

Returning artists

Three artists returned to the contest this year. Gigliola Cinquetti winner of the 1964 Contest participated again for Italy. Romuald Figuier who also participated in the 1964 Contest for Monaco, as well as in 1969 Contest for Luxembourg. Norway's Bendik Singers also returned after last participating in Eurovision Song Contest 1973.[1]

Results

Draw Country Artist Song Language[10] Place Points
01  Finland Carita "Keep Me Warm" English 13 4
02  United Kingdom Olivia Newton-John "Long Live Love" English 4 14
03  Spain Peret "Canta y sé feliz" Spanish 9 10
04  Norway Anne-Karine Strøm feat. Bendik Singers "The First Day of Love" English 14 3
05  Greece Marinella "Krasi, thalassa ke t' agori mou"
(Κρασί, θάλασσα και τ' αγόρι μου)
Greek 11 7
06  Israel Kaveret "Natati La Khayay" (נתתי לה חיי) Hebrew 7 11
07  Yugoslavia Korni Grupa "Generacija '42" (Генерација '42) Serbo-Croatian 12 6
08  Sweden ABBA "Waterloo" English 1 24
09  Luxembourg Ireen Sheer "Bye Bye I Love You" Frencha 4 14
10  Monaco Romuald "Celui qui reste et celui qui s'en va" French 4 14
11  Belgium Jacques Hustin "Fleur de liberté" French 9 10
12  Netherlands Mouth & MacNeal "I See a Star" English 3 15
13  Ireland Tina Reynolds "Cross Your Heart" English 7 11
14  Germany Cindy & Bert "Die Sommermelodie" German 14 3
15   Switzerland Piera Martell "Mein Ruf nach dir" German 14 3
16  Portugal Paulo de Carvalho "E depois do adeus" Portuguese 14 3
17  Italy Gigliola Cinquetti "" Italian 2 18

Notes:

a. ^ Contains some words in English.

Scoreboard

Voting results
Total score
Finland
Luxembourg
Israel
Norway
United Kingdom
Yugoslavia
Greece
Ireland
Germany
Portugal
Netherlands
Sweden
Spain
Monaco
Switzerland
Belgium
Italy
Contestants
Finland 4 2 1 1
United Kingdom 14 1 4 1 1 2 1 1 3
Spain 10 1 2 1 2 1 3
Norway 3 1 1 1
Greece 7 1 4 2
Israel 11 2 1 2 2 1 3
Yugoslavia 6 1 1 1 1 2
Sweden 24 5 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 3 1 5
Luxembourg 14 2 2 1 3 1 1 1 1 2
Monaco 14 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2
Belgium 10 3 2 5
Netherlands 15 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 3 1
Ireland 11 2 1 2 1 2 2 1
Germany 3 1 1 1
Switzerland 3 1 1 1
Portugal 3 1 2
Italy 18 2 1 1 5 1 1 2 4 1

Broadcasters, commentators and spokespersons

Spokespersons

The two-person jury system used for the previous three contests was abandoned, with a resurrection of the 10-person jury system with one vote per juror, last used in 1970, returning. This was the final time it was used. Unusually, a separate draw was made for the order in which the participating countries would vote. In all previous contests either nations had voted in the same running order as the song presentation or in the reverse of that order. It was not until 2006 that the voting sequence was decided by draw again. Finland, Norway, Switzerland and Italy drew the same position in both draws.

Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1974 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country.

  1.  Finland – Aarre Elo [fi][11]
  2.  Luxembourg – TBC
  3.  Israel – Yitzhak Shim'oni [he]
  4.  Norway – Sverre Christophersen [no][12]
  5.  United Kingdom – Colin Ward-Lewis[8]
  6.  YugoslaviaHelga Vlahović[13]
  7.  Greece – Mako Georgiadou [el][14]
  8.  IrelandBrendan Balfe[15]
  9.  Germany – Ekkehard Böhmer [de]
  10.  Portugal – TBC
  11.  Netherlands – Harry Hagedoorn
  12.  SwedenSven Lindahl[16]
  13.  SpainAntolín García
  14.  Monaco – Sophie Hecquet [fr][17]
  15.   Switzerland – Michel Stocker
  16.  Belgium – André Hagon
  17.  Italy – Anna Maria Gambineri [it]

Broadcasters and commentators

Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.[1]

Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
Participating countries
 Belgium RTB French: Georges Désir [fr]
BRT Dutch: Herman Verelst [nl] [15]
RTB La Première TBC [8]
BRT Radio 1 TBC [8]
 Finland YLE TV1 and
Yleisohjelma
Matti Paalosmaa [fi] [15][11]
 Germany Deutsches Fernsehen Werner Veigel [15]
Deutschlandfunk TBC [8]
 Greece EIRT Mako Georgiadou [el]
 Ireland RTÉ Mike Murphy [15]
RTÉ Radio Liam Devally
 Israel Israeli Television No commentator [8]
 Italy Secondo Programma Rosanna Vaudetti [15]
 Luxembourg RTL Télé Luxembourg Jacques Navadic [15]
 Monaco Télé Monte Carlo Carole Chabrier [fr]
 Netherlands Nederland 2 Willem Duys [15][18]
 Norway NRK John Andreassen [15][12]
NRK P1 Erik Heyerdahl [no]
 Portugal I Programa Artur Agostinho [15][19]
 Spain Primera Cadena José Luis Uribarri [15][20]
Primer Programa RNE TBC [8]
 Sweden SR TV1 Johan Sandström [sv] [21]
SR P3 Ursula Richter [sv] [21]
  Switzerland TV DRS German: Theodor Haller [de] [15]
TSR French: Georges Hardy [fr] [15][22]
TSI Italian: Giovanni Bertini
1e Programme French: Robert Burnier [23]
 United Kingdom BBC1 David Vine [8][15][24]
BBC Radio 1 and BBC Radio 2 Terry Wogan [8]
BFBS Radio Richard Astbury [8]
 Yugoslavia TVB 1 Serbo-Croatian: Milovan Ilić
TVZ 1 Serbo-Croatian: Oliver Mlakar
TVL 1 Slovene: Tomaž Terček [sl]
Non-participating countries
 Algeria RTA Unknown [8]
 Austria FS2 Ernst Grissemann [de] [15][8]
 Bulgaria BT Unknown [8]
 Cyprus CyBC TV Unknown [8]
 Czechoslovakia ČST Unknown [8]
 Denmark DR TV Claus Toksvig
 France Première Chaîne ORTF Pierre Tchernia [8][15]
 Hungary RTV Unknown [8]
 Iceland Sjónvarpið Unknown [8]
 Japan NHK Unknown [8]
 Jordan JRTV Unknown [8]
 Malta MTV Charles Saliba
 Morocco TVM Unknown [8]
 Poland TVP Unknown [8]
 Romania TVR Unknown [8]
 South Korea KBS Unknown [8]
 Tunisia RTT Unknown [8]
 Turkey Ankara Television Bülend Özveren [15]
 Soviet Union Soviet Central Television Unknown [8]

References

1.^ Dutch commentator Willem Duys stated during the broadcast that the jury spokesman was Harry Hagedoorn.
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Eurovision Song Contest 1974". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  2. ^ "ABBA on TV – Melodifestivalen Rehearsal". www.abbaontv.com. Archived from the original on 2 August 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  3. ^ http://genome.ch.bbc.co.uk/c3c2a93df30e4c03a1559045cdd040c5
  4. ^ a b c d O'Connor, John Kennedy The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History Carlton Books, UK, 2007 ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
  5. ^ Sì – Lyrics The Diggiloo Thrush
  6. ^ a b Giorgos Foukos (9 March 2012). "Eurovision Greece 1974-2012". Translation by Google: The state television decides, after four years that it has already launched the contest, to try its luck. Nostradamos is the winner of the competition (see Stelios Fotiadis, Despina Glezou, etc.) A few weeks before the competition the participation is canceled because a scandal about the rape of a minor admirer by a member of the group.
  7. ^ "And the conductor is..." Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 142–168. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.
  9. ^ "Jean-Claude Petit's biography in 'And the conductor is...'". Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  10. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1974". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  11. ^ a b Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? (in Finnish) Viisukuppila, 18 April 2005
  12. ^ a b Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
  13. ^ Sumnja od Jugolasvenskog glasanja Archived 8 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in Serbian) OGAE Serbia forum, 8 September 2011
  14. ^ http://infegreece.gr/ellada-i-anakoinwsi-tis-ert-gia-ton-63-diagonismo-tragoudiou-tis-eurovision/
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Eurovision 1974 - Cast and Crew". IMDb. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  16. ^ Infosajten.com Archived 16 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ "Facets of Eurovision Song Contest 1975", Times of Malta, 31 March 1975
  18. ^ "Nederlandse televisiecommentatoren bij het Eurovisie Songfestival". Eurovision Artists (in Dutch).
  19. ^ "Um Waterloo onde faltou Cambronne", Diário de Lisboa, 7 April 1974
  20. ^ Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010 Archived 17 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in Spanish) FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN
  21. ^ a b Thorsson, Leif (2006). Melodifestivalen genom tiderna ["Melodifestivalen through time"]. Stockholm: Premium Publishing AB. p. 108. ISBN 91-89136-29-2.
  22. ^ "Au Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson". Radio TV - Je vois tout. Lausanne, Switzerland: Le Radio SA. 4 April 1974.
  23. ^ "Au Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson". Radio TV - Je vois tout. Lausanne, Switzerland: Le Radio SA. 4 April 1974.
  24. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 1974 BBC Archives

External links

  • Official website