Explicit knowledge


Explicit knowledge (also expressive knowledge)[1] is knowledge that can be readily articulated, codified, stored and accessed.[2] It can be easily transmitted to others. Most forms of explicit knowledge can be stored in certain media. Explicit knowledge is often seen as complementary to tacit knowledge.[3]


The information contained in encyclopedias and textbooks are good examples of explicit knowledge. The most common forms of explicit knowledge are manuals, documents, procedures, and how-to videos. Knowledge also can be audio-visual. Engineering works and product design can be seen as other forms of explicit knowledge where human skills, motives and knowledge are externalized.

See also


  1. ^ L. C. Jain, Virtual Environments for Teaching and Learning, World Scientific, 2002, p. 179.
  2. ^ Helie, Sebastien; Sun, Ron (2010). "Incubation, Insight, and Creative Problem Solving: A Unified Theory and a Connectionist Model" (PDF). Psychological Review. 117 (3): 994–1024. doi:10.1037/a0019532. PMID 20658861.
  3. ^ Ikujiro, Nonaka (2007). "The Knowledge-Creating Company". Harvard Business Review.

External links

  • National Library for Health - Knowledge Management Specialist Library - collection of resources about auditing intellectual capital.