Artist's concept of the Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway orbiting the Moon with the Orion spacecraft on the right.
|Mission type||Crewed lunar landing|
|Mission duration||~30 days|
|Spacecraft type||Orion MPCV|
|Manufacturer||Lockheed Martin / Airbus|
|Space Station||Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||2024 (planned)|
|Rocket||SLS Block 1|
|Launch site||Kennedy LC-39B|
|End of mission|
|Landing site||Pacific Ocean|
Artemis 3 (previously the Exploration Mission-3 or EM-3), is a planned 2024 flight of NASA's Orion spacecraft to be launched on the Space Launch System. It is planned to be the second crewed mission of the Artemis program and the first crewed lunar landing since Apollo 17 in 1972.
The original goal of the mission was to send four astronauts into a near-rectilinear halo orbit around the Moon and deliver the ESPRIT and U.S. Utilization modules to the proposed Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway (LOP-G).
As of May 2019, ESPRIT and the U.S. Utilization module will fly on Artemis 4 instead, and Artemis 3 is intended to rendezvous with a minimal Gateway made up of only the Power and Propulsion Element and a small habitat / docking node with an attached commercial lander system.
In May 2019, NASA selected eleven companies to produce studies of a multi-element landing system. These are termed "transfer element" (to low-lunar orbit), the "descent element" to take the crew down to the Moon's surface, and an "ascent element" that would take them back to the Gateway. After Artemis 3, it is intended to make these systems reusable through refueling.
- Gebhardt, Chris (22 September 2017). "SLS EM-1 & -2 launch dates realign; EM-3 gains notional mission outline". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
- Davis, Jason (6 September 2018). "Orion's third flight will haul two pieces of a space station to lunar orbit". The Planetary Society. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
- Sloss, Philip. "NASA evaluates EM-2 launch options for Deep Space Gateway PPE". Retrieved 2 March 2018.
- NASA administrator on new Moon plan: 'We're doing this in a way that's never been done before'. Loren Grush, The Verge. 17 May 2019.
- NASA Awards $45.5 Million for Private Moon Lander Work on Project Artemis. Mike Wall, Space. 17 May 2019.
- Artemis Moon Program Advances – The Story So Far. NASA. 31 May 2019.
- Orion website at NASA.gov
- Space Launch System website at NASA.gov