Extreme points of Scotland

Summary

This is a list of the extreme points and extreme elevations in Scotland.

The northernmost and westernmost points of Scotland coincide with those of the UK (both for the mainland and including the islands).

GeneralEdit

MainlandEdit

 
"Most northerly point of mainland Britain."

Centre pointEdit

The centre point of Scotland is located between Blair Atholl and Dalwhinnie, Perthshire (56°49′0.257″N 4°11′2.267″W / 56.81673806°N 4.18396306°W / 56.81673806; -4.18396306 (Centre of Scotland); grid reference NN6678471599)[1][nb 4]

Schiehallion, a mountain in Perthshire, is sometimes described as the centre of Scotland.

Elevation extremesEdit

 
At 1,345 metres, Ben Nevis is the highest peak in Scotland.

The highest point in Scotland is the summit of Ben Nevis, at an elevation of 1,345 m (4,413 ft).

The ten tallest mountains in the UK are all found in Scotland.

Wanlockhead claims to be the highest settlement in Scotland, at 410 m (1,350 ft) above sea level.

Many points are on, or near sea level, but due to high rainfall, there are no natural dry pieces of land below sea level - see rivers and lochs below.

Rivers and lochsEdit

 
Loch Morar

The longest river in Scotland is the River Tay, at 188 km (117 mi) in length.

The largest freshwater loch in Scotland is Loch Lomond, with a surface area of 71 km2 (27.4 sq mi) and a volume of 2.6 km3 (0.62 cu mi).

The deepest freshwater loch is Loch Morar, with a maximum depth of 309 metres (1,014 ft).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Brave hearts of Scotland". BBC. 24 October 2002. Retrieved 4 January 2010.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Rockall is claimed by several countries, including the UK (as part of Scotland's Outer Hebrides). If Rockall is not considered part of the UK, then Soay, St Kilda, west of the Outer Hebrides, is the westernmost point.
  2. ^ The village on Hirta, St Kilda was abandoned in 1930, and was until then the westernmost settlement in Scotland. The island now has a military base, and is staffed during the summer months.
  3. ^ The opening of the Skye Bridge on 16 October 1995 means that Skye could be regarded as part of the British mainland, which - using this definition - would make the westernmost point of mainland Britain a spot 200 m (220 yd) south of the Neist Point Lighthouse, Skye, at 57°25′N 6°47′W / 57.417°N 6.783°W / 57.417; -6.783.
  4. ^ A 2002 study by the Ordnance Survey pinpointed the centre more precisely, and it is their results that are quoted here. However, this is obviously dependent on whether or not Scotland's islands are included, and there is more than one way to measure it.