FNRS-3

Summary

FRNS III
History
 France
NameFNRS III
Ordered1950
Completed1953
In service1953
FatePreserved at the Toulon naval base
General characteristics
TypeDeep-submergence vehicle
Length6.9 m (23 ft)
Beam3.2 m (10 ft)
Draft6 m (20 ft)
Installed power1kW electric motor
Speed0.5 knots (0.93 km/h; 0.58 mph)
Endurance24h
Test depth4,000 m (13,000 ft)
Complement2

The FNRS-3 or FNRS III is a bathyscaphe of the French Navy. It is currently preserved at Toulon. She set world depth records, competing against a more refined version of her design, the first bathyscaphe Trieste. The French Navy eventually replaced her with the bathyscaphe FNRS-4, in the 1960s.[1]

After damage to the FNRS-2 during its sea trials in 1948, FNRS ran out of funding, and the submersible was sold to the French Navy, in 1950. She was subsequently substantially rebuilt and improved at Toulon naval base, and renamed FNRS-3.[2] She was relaunched in 1953, under the command of Georges Houot, a French naval officer.[3]

On 15 February 1954, she made a 4,050 metres (13,290 ft) dive 160 miles off Dakar, Senegal in the Atlantic Ocean, beating Piccard's 1953 record, set by the Trieste, by 900 meters.[2][4][5] (the floor of the Mediterranean off Naples, 10,392 feet (3,167 m))[4][6] This record was not exceeded until a workup dive by Trieste in 1959, working up to the record shattering Challenger Deep dive.[1][4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Houghton Mifflin, "Ships of the World", Lincoln P. Paine, 1997, pg.188
  2. ^ a b Encyclopædia Britannica, 2010 Online, 9 September 2010 (accessed 9 September 2010)
  3. ^ University of Washington Press, "Oceanographic History: The Pacific and Beyond", Keith R. Benson, Phillip F. Rehbock, ed.s, 1993, 2002, pp.387
  4. ^ a b c Mariner Books, "Ships of Discovery and Exploration", Lincoln P. Paine, 2000, p.64
  5. ^ "Deepest Divers". TIME. 1 March 1954. Archived from the original on 21 February 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2009.
  6. ^ American Heritage, "To the Bottom of the Sea" Archived 3 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine, T. A. Heppenheimer, Summer 1992, Volume 8, Issue 1 (accessed 9 September 2010)

External links

  • Media related to FNRS II-III at Wikimedia Commons
  • Georges Houot at the French Wikipedia
  • "13,000 Feet Under the Sea in the French Bathyscaphe Popular Mechanics, May 1954, pp. 110–111.

Coordinates: 43°06′13″N 5°55′33″E / 43.103609°N 5.925765°E / 43.103609; 5.925765