Fairchild J44

Summary

J44
Frontiers of Flight Museum December 2015 077 (Fairchild J44R-24 jet engine).jpg
A Fairchild J44R-24 on display at the Frontiers of Flight Museum
Type Turbojet
National origin United States
Manufacturer Fairchild Engine Division
First run August 1948
Major applications Ryan AQM-34 Firebee
C-123 Provider
Developed into Fairchild J83

The Fairchild J44 was a small turbojet developed in the 1940s by the Fairchild Engine Division.

Design and development

The Fairchild Engine Division (previously the Ranger Aircraft Engine Division of the Fairchild Engine & Aircraft Corporation) began development of the J44 in 1947. It was used in target drones, missiles, and as jet boosters on several aircraft types.

Applications

Variants

Data from: Aircraft engines of the World 1953,[1] Flight 20 March 1959 :AERO ENGINES 1959 . . .,[2] Aircraft engines of the World 1957[3]

XJ44
Prototypes of the J44
J44-R-1
United States Air Force (USAF) engine, similar to the United States Navy (USN) -6, 950 lbf (4.2 kN).
J44-R-2
Same as -6 but with different installation.
J44-R-3
Longer life - Fairchild C-123 Provider wing-tip boosters.
J44-R-6
USN version, 950 lbf (4.2 kN).
J44-R-12
expendable.
J44-R-20B
Ryan Firebee.
J44-R-24
Fairchild Petrel.
J44-R-26
1,100 lbf (4.9 kN) company sponsored variant.
FT-101E
Commercial version of -3.
FT-101-G
Commercial version with return oil system.

Specifications(J44-R-3)

Data from Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1955-56,[4] Minijets: Fairchild J44,[5] Turbojet History and Development 1930-1960 Volume 2,[6] Aircraft engines of the World 1957[3]

General characteristics

  • Type: turbojet
  • Length: 90.4 in (2,300 mm)
  • Diameter: 24.3 in (620 mm)
  • Dry weight: 370 lb (170 kg) dry, complete

Components

  • Compressor: single stage axial/centrifugal flow compressor
  • Combustors: annular combustion chamber with 12 burner nozzles
  • Turbine: single-stage axial-flow turbine
  • Fuel type: JP-4
  • Oil system: Oil-mist total loss

Performance

See also

Related development

Related lists

References

  1. ^ Wilkinson, Paul H. (1953). Aircraft engines of the World 1953 (11th ed.). London: Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons Ltd. p. 46.
  2. ^ "AERO ENGINES 1959 . . . :Fairchild". Flight. 75 (2617): 404. 20 March 1959. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b Wilkinson, Paul H. (1957). Aircraft engines of the World 1957 (15th ed.). London: Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons Ltd. p. 64.
  4. ^ Bridgman, Leonard (1955). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1955-56. London: Jane's all the World's Aircraft Publishing Co. Ltd.
  5. ^ "Fairchild J44". Minijets (in French). Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  6. ^ Kay, Anthony L. (2007). Turbojet History and Development 1930-1960 Volume 2:USSR, USA, Japan, France, Canada, Sweden, Switzerland, Italy and Hungary. 2 (1st ed.). Ramsbury: The Crowood Press. pp. 151–152. ISBN 978-1861269393.

Further reading

  • Leyes, Richard, II (1999). The History of North American small gas turbine aircraft engines. AIAA. ISBN 978-1-56347-332-6.</ref>