Fairmile H landing craft

Summary

The Fairmile H Landing Craft were British landing craft of the Second World War. Initially designed for commando type raids from a base in Britain as a way of probing enemy defenses and tying down additional troops, some were converted into fire support vessels.

Class overview
NameFairmile H LCI (S) Landing Craft Infantry
Completed40
Lost8
General characteristics
TypeFairmile H LCI (S) Landing Craft Infantry
Displacement63 tons (light) 100 tons (loaded)
Length105 ft 1 in (32.03 m)
Beam21 ft 4 in (6.50 m)
Draught2 ft 10 in (0.86 m) forward, 3 ft 8 in (1.12 m) aft (loaded)
PropulsionTwo 1,120 hp or 1,500 hp supercharged Hall-Scott petrol engines. Silencers fitted. Twin screws.
Speed
  • 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) maximum at 2,000 rpm
  • 13.25 knots continuous at 1,500 rpm.
Range330 nmi (610 km; 380 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph),

700 NM at 12.5 knots.

4000 gal fuel.
ComplementCrew: 2 officers and 15 men with accommodation. 6 officers and 96 men fully equipped below deck.
Armament2 × 20 mm Oerlikon (or more), 2 × .303 Lewis guns.
Armour10lb DIHT[1] plating to deck sides, gun positions, generator house and forward bulkhead. 1/4in plating to deck
Class overview
NameFairmile H LCI (S) Landing Craft Support
Completed10
Lost3
General characteristics
TypeFairmile H LCS (L) Landing Craft Support
Displacement
  • 84 tons (light)
  • 116 tons (loaded)
Length105 ft 1 in (32.03 m)
Beam21 ft 5 in (6.53 m)
Draught2 ft 3 in (0.69 m) forward, 3 ft 0 in (0.91 m) aft (light) 3 ft 8 in (1.12 m) forward, 3 ft 4 in (1.02 m) aft (loaded)
PropulsionTwo 1,120 hp or 1,500 hp supercharged Hall-Scott petrol engines (fitted with silencers) driving twin screws.
Speed
  • 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) maximum at 2,000 rpm
  • 13.25 knots continuous at 1,500 rpm.
Range700 nmi (1,300 km; 810 mi) at 12.5 knots (23.2 km/h; 14.4 mph) and 4,000 gallons of fuel.
ComplementCrew: 2 officers and 23 men with accommodation.
Armament1 × Ordnance QF 6 pounder in a tank turret

2 × Oerlikon 20 mm cannon 1 × twin 0.5-inch Vickers machine gun on power-operated mounting 2 × .303 Lewis guns.

1 × 4-inch smoke mortar
Armour10lb DIHT plating to deck, hull sides and gun positions. 1/4in plating to deck

Two variants were developed:

The Fairmile H LCI (S)

This was the Landing Craft Infantry (Small) "LCI(S)" boat.

The Fairmile H LCS (L)

This was a Landing Craft Support (LCS) boat fitted with extra weapons to give fire support to landing craft particularly in being able to provide some anti-tank capability. This was achieved by the simple expediency of mounting a tank turret complete with its gun on the forward deck.

The usual Fairmile construction techniques were used with all items prefabricated and supplied in kit form to boatyards for assembly and fitting out.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ from "D1 Heat Treated"

ReferencesEdit

  • Lambert, John and Ross, Al . Allied Coastal Forces of World War Two, Volume I : Fairmile designs and US Submarine Chasers. 1990. ISBN 978-0-85177-519-7.