Fermat quintic threefold

Summary

In mathematics, a Fermat quintic threefold is a special quintic threefold, in other words a degree 5, dimension 3 hypersurface in 4-dimensional complex projective space, given by the equation

Two-dimensional cross-section of the Fermat quintic threefold
.

This threefold, so named after Pierre de Fermat, is a Calabi–Yau manifold.

The Hodge diamond of a non-singular quintic 3-fold is

1
00
010
11011011
010
00
1

Rational curvesEdit

Herbert Clemens (1984) conjectured that the number of rational curves of a given degree on a generic quintic threefold is finite. The Fermat quintic threefold is not generic in this sense, and Alberto Albano and Sheldon Katz (1991) showed that its lines are contained in 50 1-dimensional families of the form

 

for   and  . There are 375 lines in more than one family, of the form

 

for fifth roots of unity   and  .

ReferencesEdit

  • Albano, Alberto; Katz, Sheldon (1991), "Lines on the Fermat quintic threefold and the infinitesimal generalized Hodge conjecture", Transactions of the American Mathematical Society, 324 (1): 353–368, doi:10.2307/2001512, ISSN 0002-9947, JSTOR 2001512, MR 1024767
  • Clemens, Herbert (1984), "Some results about Abel-Jacobi mappings", Topics in transcendental algebraic geometry (Princeton, N.J., 1981/1982), Annals of Mathematics Studies, vol. 106, Princeton University Press, pp. 289–304, MR 0756858
  • Cox, David A.; Katz, Sheldon (1999), Mirror symmetry and algebraic geometry, Mathematical Surveys and Monographs, vol. 68, Providence, R.I.: American Mathematical Society, ISBN 978-0-8218-1059-0, MR 1677117