Fireball (dinghy)

Summary

Fireball
Klassenzeichen Fireball.PNG
Fireball dinghy.svg
Fireball sailboat 4093.jpg
Development
DesignerPeter Milne
LocationUnited Kingdom
Year1962
No. built125,000
Builder(s)Rondar Raceboats
Nautivela
Chippendale Boats
Duvoisin Nautique
Weathermark Sailboats
Winder Boats
NameFireball
Crewtwo
Boat
Crewtwo
Boat weight170 lb (77 kg)
Draft4.00 ft (1.22 m) with centreboard down
Trapezesingle
Hull
TypeMonohull
ConstructionPlywood or fiberglass
LOA16.17 ft (4.93 m)
LWL13.25 ft (4.04 m)
Beam4.42 ft (1.35 m)
Hull appendages
Keel/board typecentreboard
Rudder(s)transom-mounted rudder
Rig
Rig typeBermuda rig
Sails
SailplanFractional rigged sloop
Mainsail area87.5 sq ft (8.13 m2)
Jib/genoa area35.5 sq ft (3.30 m2)
Spinnaker area140 sq ft (13 m2)
Upwind sail area123.00 sq ft (11.427 m2)
Racing
D-PN85.6
RYA PN952

The Fireball is a British sailing dinghy that was designed by Peter Milne as a one-design racer and first built in 1962.[1][2][3]

Production

In the past the design has been built by Rondar Raceboats of the United Kingdom, Nautivela of Italy, Chippendale Boats in the UK and Duvoisin Nautique in France. Today it is built by Weathermark Sailboats and also by Winder Boats, both in the UK. Over 125,000 boats have been completed.[1][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

Design

The Fireball is a recreational racing sailboat, originally designed to be built of wood for the amateur builder. Today most new Fireballs are made predominantly of fibreglass.[1][3]

It has a fractional sloop rig with aluminum spars. The hull is a single hard chine scow design, with a retractable centreboard, a vertical transom, a transom-hung, kick-up rudder controlled by a tiller, with a tiller extension for hiking out. The boat displaces 170 lb (77 kg) and can be equipped with a spinnaker and trapeze.[1][3]

The boat has a draft of 4.00 ft (1.22 m) with the centreboard extended. With it retracted the boat can be beached or transported on a trailer or car roof rack.[1]

The design has adopted changes over time. In 1966 construction of fibreglass was permitted. The use of a single crew trapeze was added in 1965. The sails and hull are controlled, but changes to the rigging are permitted and mast chocks and struts have been used in the past.[3]

The design has a North American Portsmouth Yardstick racing average handicap of 85.6, with an RYA Portsmouth of 956. It is normally raced with a crew of two sailors.[3][10][11]

Operational history

Fireball flying a spinnaker

The Fireball was granted International Yacht Racing Union international status in 1970.[3]

The design is supported by a class club, the International Fireball Class.[12]

The Fireball is raced worldwide, with the largest fleets in Australia, Canada, France, South Africa, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States.[3]

A review in Yachts and Yachting magazine in March 1962 concluded, "she is good for inland water or the sea. Her performance has proved intriguing for expert helmsmen, yet she is stable enough to be kind to the clumsy novice."[9]

In a 1994 review Richard Sherwood wrote, the "Fireball is a high-performance dinghy, not as fast as an International 505 or Flying Dutchman, but allowing a great deal of latitude in the positioning and adoption of all gear except sails and hull ... The (usually) high-cut jibs and the small spinnaker require less strength to control, so that many successful racing crews have had women members."[3]

In a 2012 review in Yachts and Yachting magazine, Toby Heppell wrote, "The Fireball might look sticky in light winds, but can skate along quite nicely if the water is flat – predictably, that uncompromising bow will not cope so well with insufficient wind and chop. Best of all, Fireballs love to plane which is the root reason why many people love to sail dinghies. On a smooth surface you should get lift-off from around Force 3 on both downwind and upwind legs. Further up the wind scale, Fireball sailors reckon they are still racing when everyone else has gone home ... That’s what sailing a Fireball is about. A boat for everyday sailors that can provide enjoyable racing from about age 16 to 60 plus. Forty years on our verdict is that the Fireball is still a load of fun to sail."[9]

Writer Paula Irish included the design as one of her 2018 list of "25 Best Beginner Sailing Dinghies". She wrote, "if you want the added excitement of a trapeze boat, with an acceptance that you may find it trickier, the Fireball is a good option with entry-level boats from just a few hundred pounds and flexibility to fit the boat out to suit you, making it good for smaller helms or crews. The class association describes the Fireball as "probably the highest performance dinghy that just about anyone can sail in almost any wind strength.""[13]

Events

World Championships

Reference[14]

Gold Silver Bronze
1971 - Beirut
40 Boats[15]
K 1572
 John CAIG (GBR)
 Jack DAVIS (GBR)
G 6220
 Jorg DIESCH (GER)
 Eckart DIESCH (GER)
S 2533
 C-E. WARFVINGE (SWE)
 S. WARFVINGE (SWE)
1972 - Wrightsville Beach
 United States
34 Boats[16]
G 2533
 Jorg DIESCH (GER)
 Sten WARLVINGE (GER)
Z 7896
 Jean-C. VVITHIER (SUI)
 Pierre WALT (SUI)
KA 6526
 Bryan INNS (AUS)
 Mike ROGERS (AUS)
1973 - Torbay
 Great Britain
56 Boats[17]
K 8520
 Ken BRACKWELL (GBR)
 Richard BUTCHER (GBR)
US 8571
 G HALL (USA)
UNKNOWN
K 8349
 A PROCTER (GBR)
UNKNOWN
1974
 Australia
28 Boats[18]
Ome'N'Osed - KA 8178
 John CASSIDY (AUS)
 Warwick CRISP (AUS)
James III - KA 8196
 J WILMOT (AUS)
UNKNOWN
Screwdriver - KA 8150
 B. LUCAS (AUS)
UNKNOWN
1975
 France
Boats[19]
US 9798
 Joan ELLIS (USA)
 Art ELLIS (USA)
KR 7755
MORGENROOD
LAPHAM
US 9800
 - DAVIS (USA)
 - DAVIS (USA)
1976
 Canada
76 Boats[20]
US 10149
 Steve BENJAMIN (USA)
 Tucker EDMUNDSON (USA)
K 9874
 Frank DAVIES (GBR)
UNKNOWN
K 9845
 Mike MOUNTFIELD (GBR)
UNKNOWN
1977
 Ireland
46 Boats[21]
US 10149
 Steve BENJAMIN (USA)
 Tucker EDMUNDSON (USA)
K 11218
 Lawrie SMITH (GBR)
 Andy BARKER (GBR)
K 11059
 TUSHINGHAM (GBR)
 LOCKE (GBR)
1978
 Thailand
55 Boats[22]
K 11218
 Lawrie SMITH (GBR)
 Andy BARKER (GBR)
K 11609
 Kim SLATER (GBR)
 Nick READ-WILSON (GBR)
KA 10952
 Gordon LUCAS (AUS)
 John GARDINER (AUS)
1979
 Netherlands
66 Boats[23]
K 12218
 Crispin READ-WILSON (GBR)
 Paul WITHERS (GBR)
K 11660
 Paul MCNAMARA (GBR)
 Nigel VIVIAN (GBR)
K 11174
 Frank DAVIS (GBR)
 Ray GOSLING (GBR)
1980
 South Africa
32 Boats[24]
Maid for Pleasure - K 11609
 Kim SLATER (GBR)
 Richard PARSLOW (GBR)
Root 'n Toot - SA 11431
 Jean-Jacques PROVOYEUR (RSA)
 Terry TWENTYMAN JONES (RSA)
Lo Shiesa Amsende - SA 10795
 Dave HUDSON (RSA)
 Terry REYNOLDS (RSA)
1981
 Great Britain
48 Boats[25]
K 12906
 Phil MORRISON (GBR)
 Jonathan TURNER (GBR)
K 12918
 Lawrie SMITH (GBR)
 Mark SIMPSON (GBR)
K 12912
 Eddie WARDEN-OWEN (GBR)
 Simon STEWART (GBR)
1982
 Australia
33 Boats[26]
Fascination - KA 12768
 Christopher TILLETT (AUS)
 Mike ROGERS (AUS)
No Name - K 12851
 Jeremy BICKERTON (GBR)
 Jeremy RICHARDS (GBR)
Pumprocker - K 12992
 Dave DERBY (GBR)
 Kym LEATT (GBR)
1983
 Switzerland
55 Boats[27]
KA 12783
 Stuart Hamilton (AUS)
 David Connor (AUS)
SA 13226
 J. COBLENZ (RSA)
 D. KITCHEN (RSA)
K 13246
 Mark RUSHALL (GBR)
 Richard PARSLOW (GBR)
1984
 United States
54 Boats[28]
KA 13198
 Gary SMITH (AUS)
 Nigel CONNOR (AUS)
K 13459
 Mark RUSHALL (GBR)
 BAXTER (GBR)
KA 12780
 IRWIN (AUS)
 CHADWICK (AUS)
1985
 Italy
57 Boats[29]
K 13482
 Tony WETHERELL (GBR)
 Martin PENTY (GBR)
K 13553
 Tim RUSH (GBR)
 HEMMINGS (GBR)
IR 13300
 Adrian BELL (IRL)
 Maeve BELL (IRL)
1986
 Canada
40 Boats[30]
KA 13216
 Nigel ABBOTT (AUS)
 Craig SMITH (AUS)
K 13741
 Graham COOK (GBR)
 Robert CAGE (GBR)
K 13785
 Tony WETHERELL (GBR)
 Andy BARKER (GBR)
1987
 France
74 Boats[31]
K 13845
 Ian PINNEL (GBR)
 Daniel CRIPPS (GBR)
K 13482
 Jim HUNT (GBR)
 Martin PENTY (GBR)
KA 13207
 Susan DELANGE (AUS)
 Chris BYRNE (AUS)
1988
 Australia
42 Boats[32]
Driving Force - KA 13695
 John CLIFTON (AUS)
 Paul MARTIN (AUS)
Boy Racer - K 13845
 Ian PINNELL (GBR)
 Daniel CRIPPS (GBR)
Crocodile J.D. - KA 13684
 John DRANSFIELD (AUS)
 Andrew PERRY (AUS)
1989
 Great Britain
46 Boats[33]
KA 13684
 John DRANSFIELD (AUS)
 Andrew PERRY (AUS)
K 14100
 HALL (GBR)
 CONSTABLE (GBR)
K 14016
 Ian PINNEL (GBR)
 Jarrod SIMPSON (GBR)
1990 - Enoshima
 Japan
46 Boats[34]
KA 14150
 John DRANSFIELD (AUS)
 Andrew PERRY (AUS)
K 14134
 Ian PINNELL (GBR)
 Jarrod SIMPSON (GBR)
KA 14158
 Campbell MYLES (AUS)
 Chris BYRNE (AUS)
1991 - Angelholm
 Sweden
59 Boats[35]
KA 14151
 John DRANSFIELD (AUS)
 Gregor BAIRD (AUS)
K 13684
MARSDEN GBR
WALKER GBR
K 14200
HALL GBR
CONSTABLE GBR
1992
 United States
50 Boats[36]
SA 14311
 Martin LAMBRECHT (RSA)
 Alec LANHAM-LOVE (RSA)
K 14103
 John MERRICKS (GBR)
 Vyv TOWNEND (GBR)
K 14277
 Paul BEDELL (GBR)
 Paul WITHERS (GBR)
1993
 Belgium
72 Boats[37]
GBR 14061
 Tim RUSH (GBR)
 Jon WARD (GBR)
GBR 14372
 Liz RUSHALL (GBR)
 Mark RUSHALL (GBR)
FRA 14335
 J SCALE (FRA)
 Edouard KOCH (FRA)
1994 - Durban
 South Africa
78 Boats[38]
GBR 14415
 Ian PINNELL (GBR)
 Daniel CRIPPS (GBR)
SUI 14376
 SCHAR (SUI)
 Ruedi MOSER (SUI)
AUS 13946
 COOK (AUS)
 BATTY (AUS)
1995 - Dun Loughrie
 Ireland
88 Boats[39]
IRL 14378
 John LAVERY (IRL)
 David O’BRIEN (IRL)
GBR 14385
 Colin GOODMAN (GBR)
 Jim TURNER (GBR)
GBR 14486
 Malcolm DAVIES (GBR)
 Ian CADWALLADER (GBR)
1996 - Cork
 Canada
51 Boats[40]
GBR 14385
 Colin GOODMAN (GBR)
 Jim TURNER (GBR)
SUI 114540
 Erich MOSER (SUI)
 Ruedi MOSER (SUI)
CAN 14418
 Tof NICOLL-GRIFFITH (CAN)
 Peter KELLY (CAN)
1997
 Great Britain
84 Boats[41]
GBR 14509
 David EDWARDS (GBR)
 Adam BOWERS (GBR)
GBR 14623
 Ian PINNELL (GBR)
 John WARD (GBR)
GBR 13945
 Malcolm DAVIES (GBR)
 Ian Cadwallader (GBR)
1998
 Australia
92 Boats[42]
Kojake Roll - 14579
 Colin GOODMAN (GBR)
 Jim TURNER (GBR)
14623
 Ian PINNELL (GBR)
 John WARD (GBR)
Reginale - 13945
 Malcolm DAVIES (GBR)
 Russell THORNE (GBR)
1999
 France
82 Boats[43]
 Benoit PETIT (FRA)
 Jean-Francois CUZON (FRA)
 Ian PINNELL (GBR)
 Matthew FLINT (GBR)
 David EDWARDS (GBR)
 Vyv TOWNEND (GBR)
2000 - Pattaya
 Thailand
50 Boats[44]
GBR 14708
 David EDWARDS (GBR)
 Vyv TOWNEND (GBR)
GBR 14701
 Ian PINNELL (GBR)
 Matthew FLINT (GBR)
AUS 14603
 Robin INNS (AUS)
 Jason HERITAGE (AUS)
2001 - Bracciano
 Italy
86 Boats[45]
GBR 14685
 Steve MORRISON (GBR)
 Liam MURRAY (GBR)
GBR 14766
 Ian PINNELL (GBR)
 David SCOTT (GBR)
CZE 14712
 Tomás MUSIL (CZE)
 Milan KOLACEK (CZE)
2002 - Tampa
 United States
55 Boats[46]
14790
 Ian PINNELL (GBR)
 David SCOTT (GBR)
14785
 Richard ESTAUGH (GBR)
 Simon POTTS (GBR)
14540
 Erich MOSER (SUI)
 Ruedi MOSER (SUI)
2003 - Kilifi
 Kenya
38 Boats[47]
14708
 Chips HOWARTH (GBR)
 Vyv TOWNEND (GBR)
14809
 David WADE (GBR)
 Richard WAGSTAFF (GBR)
14770
 Vincent HOREY (GBR)
 Jim TURNER (GBR)
2004
 Australia
97 Boats[48]
14801
 Andy SMITH (GBR)
 James MELDRUM (GBR)
14712
 Tomás MUSIL (CZE)
 Jan DANEK (CZE)
14809
 David WADE (GBR)
 Richard WAGSTAFF (GBR)
2005 - Teignmouth
 Great Britain
175 Boats[49]
14830
 Chips HOWARTH (GBR)
 Vyv TOWNEND (GBR)
14895
 Andy SMITH (GBR)
 Jonathan MILDRED (GBR)
14614
 Guy TIPTON (GBR)
 Chris TATTERSALL (GBR)
2006 - Vancouver
 Canada
49 Boats[50]
14799
 Erich MOSER (SUI)
 Ruedi MOSER (SUI)
14911
 Grant LAMONT (CAN)
 Thomas EGLI (CAN)
14813
 Heather MacFARLANE (AUS)
 Chris PAYNE (AUS)
2007 - St Moritz
 Switzerland
95 Boats[51]
14948
 Richard ESTAUGH (GBR)
 Rob GARDNER (GBR)
14920
 Vincent HOREY (GBR)
 Andy THOMPSON (GBR)
14960
 Tom JEFFCOATE (GBR)
 Mark HOGAN (GBR)
2008 - Pattaya
 Thailand
68 Boats[52]
14919
 Matt MEE (GBR)
 Richard WAGSTAFF (GBR)
14976
 David WADE (GBR)
 Ben McGRANE (GBR)
14587
 Nathan STOCKLEY (AUS)
 Sam MUIRHEAD (AUS)
2009 - La Rochelle
 France
100 Boats[53]
GBR 15013
 Chips HOWARTH (GBR)
 Vyv TOWNEND (GBR)
GBR 14994
 Matt BURGE (GBR)
 Richard WAGSTAFF (GBR)
GBR 14924
 David EDWARDS (GBR)
 Simon POTTS (GBR)
2010
 Barbados
70 Boats[54]
15013
 Chips HOWARTH (GBR)
 Vyv TOWNEND (GBR)
15036
 Matt BURGE (GBR)
 Richard WAGSTAFF (GBR)
14924
 David EDWARDS (GBR)
 Simon POTTS (GBR)
2011 - Slingo
 Ireland
58 Boats[55][56]
15036
 Matt BURGE (GBR)
 Richard WAGSTAFF (GBR)
15041
 Tom GILLARD (GBR)
 Sam BREAREY (GBR)
15045
 David WADE (GBR)
 Simon POTTS (GBR)
2012 - Perth
 Australia
64 Boats[57]
GBR 15041
 Tom GILLARD (GBR)
 Sam BREAREY (GBR)
AUS 15025
 Robin INNS (AUS)
 Joel COULTAS (AUS)
AUS 15032
 Greg ALLISON (AUS)
 Richard WATSON (AUS)
2013 - Portoroz
 Slovenia
79 Boats[58][59]
GBR 15091
 Tom GILLARD (GBR)
 Simon POTTS (GBR)
GBR 15089
 Christian BIRRELL (GBR)
 Sam BREAREY (GBR)
GBR 15093
 Matt BURGE (GBR)
 Richard WAGSTAFF (GBR)
2014 - Pattaya
 Thailand
21 Boats[60]
GBR 15107
 Christian BIRRELL (GBR)
 Sam BREAREY (GBR)
GBR 15087
 NathanBATCHELOR (GBR)
 Sam PASCOE (GBR)
AUS 15062
 Ben SCHULZ (AUS)
 Doug SHEPPARD (AUS)
2015
 Great Britain
107 Boats[61]
Allen - 15127
 Tom GILLARD (GBR)
 Richard ANDERTON (GBR)
Weathermark Sailboats - 15129
 James PETERS (GBR)
 Fynn STERRITT (GBR)
Makira - 15107
 Christian BIRRELL (GBR)
 Sam BREAREY (GBR)
2016
 South Africa
25 Boats[62][63]
15127
 Richard ANDERTON (GBR)
 Thomas GILLARD (GBR)
14799
 Ruedi MOSER (SUI)
 Claude MERMOD (SUI)
15113
 Jack LIDGETT (AUS)
 Ben SCHULZ (AUS)
2017 NOT HELD
2018 - Carnac
 France
100 Boats[64]
GBR 15123
 Matt BURGE (GBR)
 Daniel SCHIEBER (GBR)
GBR 15096
 Penny CLARK (GBR)
 Russell CLARK (GBR)
GBR 15127
 Thomas GUILLARD (GBR)
 Geoff EDWARDS (GBR)
2019 -
 Canada
41 Boats[65][66]
15161
 Ian DOBSON (GBR)
 Richard WAGSTAFF (GBR)
15152
 Heather MacFARLANE (AUS)
 Chris PAYNE (AUS)
14917
 Ludovic COLLIN (FRA)
 Remy THUILLER (FRA)
2020
 Ireland
CANCELLED - COVID 19

IYRU Youth Sailing World Championships

The fireball was used at the 6th Youth Sailing World Championships held in Toronto, Canada.[67]

Continental Championships

Reference[68]

Year Continent Venue Boat Helm and Crew Country
1969 European Belgium 4161 Peter Bateman & Julian Brooke-Houghton United Kingdom
1970 European Event Not Held
1971 European Sweden 6396 A Batzill & R Batzill West Germany
1972 European West Germany 7175 Jean-Claude Vuithier & Pierre Walt Switzerland
1973 European Italy Fireball 8091 Phillippe Durr & Yves Pochon Switzerland
1974 European Switzerland 9238 Alistair Locke & N Robinson United Kingdom
1975 European United Kingdom 7429 Philippe Gault & Patrice Gault France
1976 European Sweden 9961 Lawrie Smith & Paul Withers United Kingdom
1977 European West Germany 11059 Roger Tushingham & Alistair Locke United Kingdom
1978 European France 11609 Kim Slater & Nick Read-Wilson United Kingdom
1979 European Sweden 12063 David Bain & Stuart Angus United Kingdom
1980 European United Kingdom 12812 Eddie Warden-Owen & Ossie Stewart United Kingdom
1981 European Italy 12895 Nigel Buckley & Steve Birbeck United Kingdom
1982 European Ireland 12923 Tony Wetherell & Steve Goacher United Kingdom
1983 European France 12718 Colin McKinnon & Doug Peniston United Kingdom
1984 European United Kingdom 13317 Tim Rush & Angus Hemmings United Kingdom
1985 European Guernsey 13460 Ian Fryett & Giles Fryett United Kingdom
1986 European Sweden 13668 Andy Rowland & Mark Hazelwood United Kingdom
1987 European France 13845 "Boy Racer" Ian Pinnell & Daniel Cripps United Kingdom
1988 European Italy 14016 Ian Pinnell & Daniel Cripps United Kingdom
1989 European Belgium 14016 Ian Pinnell & Jarrod Simpson United Kingdom
1990 European Switzerland 14169 Jeremy Hartley & Chris Miles United Kingdom
1991 European Czechoslovakia 14267 Ian Pinnell & Daniel Cripps United Kingdom
1992 European Italy 14334 Jean-Charles Scale & Bertrand Loyal France
1993 European Belgium 14376 Erich Moser & Ruedi Moser Switzerland
1994 European France 14376 Erich Moser & Ruedi Moser Switzerland
1995 European Ireland 14378 John Lavery & David O'Brien Ireland
1996 European Switzerland Fireball 14540 Erich Moser & Ruedi Moser Switzerland
1997 European United Kingdom 14579 "Kojak's Roll-Neck" Colin Goodman & Jim Turner United Kingdom
1998 European Czech Republic 14552 Thomas Musil & Roman Racek Czech Republic
1999 European France 14701 Ian Pinnell & M Flint United Kingdom
2000 European Ireland 14685 "Last Man's Batter" Steve Morrison & Richard Wagstaff United Kingdom
2001 European Italy 14685 "Last Man's Batter" Steve Morrison & Liam Murray United Kingdom
2002 European Italy 14799 Erich Moser & Ruedi Moser Switzerland
2003 European United Kingdom 14801 Andy Smith & James Meldrum United Kingdom
2004 European Slovenia 14879 "Aloha Malina" Thomas Musil & Jan Stantejsky Czech Republic
2005 European United Kingdom 14908 "4 walls 4 sail" David Edwards & Dan Newman United Kingdom
2006 European France 14895 "Gul" Andy Smith & Jonny Mildred United Kingdom
2007 European Event Not Held
2008 European Belgium 14948 Tom Jeffcoate & David Hynes United Kingdom
2009 European France 15020 Vince Horey & Rob Gardner United Kingdom
2010 European Czech Republic 15041 Tom Gillard & Sam Brearey United Kingdom
2011 European Event Not Held
2012 European Italy Fireball 15084 Matt Burge & Richard Wagstaff United Kingdom
2013 European Slovenia 15093 Matt Burge & Richard Wagstaff United Kingdom
2014 European Shetland Islands 15081 Tom Gillard & Richard Anderton United Kingdom
2015 European Event Not Held
2016 European taly 14799 Claude Mermod & Ruedi Moser Switzerland
2017 European United Kingdom 15123 Matt Burge & Dan Schieber United Kingdom
2018 European Event Not Held
2019 European Czech Republic 14973 Alois Verkest & Ludovic Collin France

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Fireball sailboat". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  2. ^ McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Peter Milne 1934 - 2008". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Sherwood, Richard M.: A Field Guide to Sailboats of North America, Second Edition, pages 74-75. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1994. ISBN 0-395-65239-1
  4. ^ McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Chippendale Boats (UK)". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  5. ^ McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Nautivela (ITA)". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  6. ^ McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Rondar Raceboats". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  7. ^ Weathermark Sailboats (2020). "New Boats". weathermarksailboats.com. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  8. ^ McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Weathermark Sailboats". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  9. ^ a b c Heppell, Toby (12 September 2012). "Fireball Review". Yachts and Yachting. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  10. ^ US Sailing (2018). "North American Portsmouth Yardstick Table of Pre-Calculated Classes" (PDF). ussailing.org. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  11. ^ Royal Yachting Association (2020). "Portsmouth Number List 2020" (PDF). www.rya.org.uk. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  12. ^ McArthur, Bruce (2020). "Fireball Class - International". sailboatdata.com. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  13. ^ Irish, Paula (1 February 2018). "25 Best Beginner Sailing Dinghies". boats.com. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  14. ^ Fireball World Championships, www.fireball-international.com
  15. ^ Fireball at World Sailing 1971
  16. ^ Fireball at World Sailing USA197201LUG
  17. ^ Fireball at World Sailing GBR197301FOC
  18. ^ Fireball at World Sailing AUS197401DUB
  19. ^ Fireball at World Sailing FRA197501IPA
  20. ^ Fireball at World Sailing CAN197608CIB
  21. ^ Fireball at World Sailing IRL197701HIX
  22. ^ Fireball at World Sailing THA197801XOV
  23. ^ Fireball at World Sailing NED197901XET
  24. ^ Fireball at World Sailing RSA198001KOH
  25. ^ Fireball at World Sailing GBR198106COJ
  26. ^ Fireball at World Sailing AUS198201JIH
  27. ^ Fireball at World Sailing SUI198301XIL
  28. ^ Fireball at World Sailing USA198408XIK
  29. ^ Fireball at World Sailing ITA198508NOB
  30. ^ Fireball at World Sailing CAN198606CEB
  31. ^ Fireball at World Sailing FRA198708OLA
  32. ^ Fireball at World Sailing AUS198801XAH
  33. ^ Fireball at World Sailing GBR198901XIB
  34. ^ Fireball at World Sailing JPN199010VOM
  35. ^ Fireball at World Sailing SWE199108JAR
  36. ^ Fireball at World Sailing USA199201MOM
  37. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  38. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  39. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  40. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  41. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  42. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  43. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  44. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  45. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  46. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  47. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  48. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  49. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  50. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  51. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  52. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  53. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  54. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  55. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  56. ^ fireball-worlds www.fireball-worlds.com
  57. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  58. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  59. ^ page_id=1951 www.gosailing.si[dead link]
  60. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  61. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  62. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  63. ^ WELCOME TO THE 2016 FIREBALL WORLDS MOSSEL BAY, SOUTH AFRICA www.fireballworlds2016.co.za (archived copy)
  64. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  65. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  66. ^ 2019 Worlds Canada 2019.fireballworlds.com
  67. ^ Fireball at World Sailing
  68. ^ "European Championships - Fireball International". www.fireball-international.com.

External links

  • Official website for Weathermark Boats
  • Official website for Winder Boats