Flight information region

Summary

In aviation, a flight information region (FIR) is a specified region of airspace in which a flight information service and an alerting service (ALRS) are provided. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) delegates which country is responsible for the operational control of a given FIR. FIRs are the largest regular division of airspace in use in the world today, and have existed at least since 1947.[1][2]

A map showing the borders of the United States' flight information regions as well as that of Canada and other neighboring nations.

Smaller countries' airspace is encompassed by a single FIR; larger countries' airspace is subdivided into a number of regional FIRs.[3][4]

Some FIRs encompass the territorial airspace of several countries.[5] Oceanic airspace is divided into oceanic information regions and delegated to a controlling authority bordering that region. The division among authorities is done by international agreement through the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

There is no standard size for FIRs–some are merely vertical extensions of their respective countries, however small they may be, while others may extend far into the open ocean–it is a matter for the administrative convenience of the country concerned. In some cases there is a vertical division of the FIR, in which case the lower portion remains named as such, whereas the airspace above is termed an upper information region (UIR).

A flight information service and an alerting service are the basic levels of air traffic service, providing information pertinent to the safe and efficient conduct of flights and alerting the different relevant authorities should an aircraft be in distress. These are available to all aircraft through an FIR. Higher levels of air traffic advisory and control services may be available within certain portions of airspace within an FIR, according to the ICAO class of that portion of airspace (with regard to national regulations), and the existence of a suitably equipped authority to provide the services.

List of flight information regionsEdit

The following table lists flight information regions alphabetically according to their ICAO code.

ICAO code Type FIR or ACC name Oceanic or other subtype Country or territory
AGGG FIR Honiara ACC   Solomon Islands
ANAU FIR Nauru ACC   Nauru
AYPM FIR Port Moresby ACC   Papua New Guinea
BGGL FIR Nuuk ACC   Greenland (  Denmark)
BIRD FIR Reykjavík ACC   Iceland
CZEG FIR Edmonton ACC   Canada
CZQM FIR Moncton Southern ACC   Canada
CZQX FIR Gander Domestic ACC   Canada
CZUL FIR Montreal ACC   Canada
CZVR FIR Vancouver ACC   Canada
CZWG FIR Winnipeg ACC   Canada
CZYZ FIR Toronto ACC   Canada
DAAA FIR Alger ACC   Algeria
DGAC FIR Accra ACC   Ghana
DIII FIR Abidjan ACC   Ivory Coast
DNKK FIR Kano ACC   Nigeria
DRRR FIR Niamey ACC   Niger
DTTC FIR Tunis ACC   Tunisia
EZZZ FIR EUROCONTROL EUROCONTROL   Belgium
EBBU FIR Brussels ACC   Belgium/  Luxembourg
EDGG FIR Langen ACC   Germany
EDMM FIR Munich ACC   Germany
EDUU UIR Rhein ACC   Germany
EDVV UIR Hannover ACC   Germany
EDWW FIR Bremen ACC   Germany
EDYY UIR Maastricht ACC   Belgium/  Germany/  Netherlands
EETT FIR Tallinn ACC   Estonia
EFIN FIR Helsinki ACC   Finland
EGGX FIR Shanwick Oceanic OCA Oceanic   United Kingdom
EGPX FIR Scottish ACC   United Kingdom
EGQQ FIR Scottish ACC (Mil) Military   United Kingdom
EGTT FIR London ACC   United Kingdom
EHAA FIR Amsterdam ACC   Netherlands
EISN FIR Shannon ACC   Ireland
EKDK FIR Copenhagen ACC   Denmark
ENOB FIR Bodo Oceanic OCA Oceanic   Norway
ENOR FIR Polaris ACC   Norway
EPWW FIR Warszawa ACC   Poland
ESAA FIR Suecia ACC   Sweden
ESMM FIR Malmo ACC   Sweden
ESOS FIR Stockholm ACC   Sweden
EVRR FIR Riga ACC   Latvia
EYVL FIR Vilnius ACC   Lithuania
FABL FIR Bloemfontein ACC   South Africa
FACA FIR Cape Town ACC   South Africa
FACT FIR Cape Town ACC   South Africa
FADN FIR Durban ACC   South Africa
FAJO FIR Johannesburg Oceanic ACC Oceanic   South Africa
FAJX FIR Johannesburg ACC   South Africa
FAPX FIR Port Elizabeth ACC   South Africa
FBGR FIR Gaborone ACC   Botswana
FCCC FIR Brazzaville ACC   Congo, Republic of the
FIMM FIR Mauritius ACC   Mauritius
FKKK FIR Douala ACC   Cameroon
FLFI FIR Lusaka ACC   Zambia
FMCX FIR Comoros ACC   Comoros
FMMM FIR Antananarivo ACC   Madagascar
FNAN FIR Luanda ACC   Angola
FOOO FIR Libreville ACC   Gabon
FQBE FIR Beira ACC   Mozambique
FSSS FIR Seychelles ACC   Seychelles
FTTT FIR N'Djamena ACC   Chad
FVHF FIR Harare ACC   Zimbabwe
FWLL FIR Lilongwe ACC   Malawi
FYWF FIR Windhoek ACC   Namibia
FZZA FIR Kinshasa ACC   Congo, Democratic Republic of the
GCCC FIR Canarias ACC   Canary Islands (  Spain)
GLRB FIR Roberts ACC   Liberia
GMMM FIR Casablanca ACC   Morocco
GOOO FIR Dakar Oceanic ACC Oceanic   Senegal
GVSC FIR Sal Oceanic ACC Oceanic   Cape Verde
HAAA FIR Addis Ababa ACC   Ethiopia
HBBA FIR Bujumbura ACC   Burundi
HCSM FIR Mogadishu ACC   Somalia
HECC FIR Cairo ACC   Egypt
HHAA FIR Asmara ACC   Egypt
HKNA FIR Nairobi ACC   Kenya
HLLL FIR Tripoli ACC   Libya
HRYR FIR Kigali ACC   Rwanda
HSSS FIR Khartoum ACC   Sudan
HTDC FIR Dar Es Salaam ACC   Tanzania
HUEC FIR Entebbe ACC   Uganda
KZAB FIR Albuquerque ARTCC   United States
KZAK FIR Oakland Oceanic ARTCC Oceanic   United States
KZAU FIR Chicago ARTCC   United States
KZBW FIR Boston ARTCC   United States
KZDC FIR Washington ARTCC   United States
KZDV FIR Denver ARTCC   United States
KZFW FIR Ft Worth ARTCC   United States
KZHU FIR Houston ARTCC   United States
KZID FIR Indianapolis ARTCC   United States
KZJX FIR Jacksonville ARTCC   United States
KZKC FIR Kansas City ARTCC   United States
KZLA FIR Los Angeles ARTCC   United States
KZLC FIR Salt Lake ARTCC   United States
KZMA FIR Miami ARTCC   United States
KZME FIR Memphis ARTCC   United States
KZMP FIR Minneapolis ARTCC   United States
KZNY FIR New York ARTCC   United States
KZOA FIR Oakland ARTCC   United States
KZOB FIR Cleveland ARTCC   United States
KZSE FIR Seattle ARTCC   United States
KZTL FIR Atlanta ARTCC   United States
KZWY FIR New York Oceanic ARTCC Oceanic   United States
LAAA FIR Tirana ACC   Albania
LBSR FIR Sofia ACC   Bulgaria
LBWR FIR Varna ACC   Bulgaria
LCCC FIR Nicosia ACC   Cyprus
LDZO FIR Zagreb ACC   Croatia
LECB FIR Barcelona ACC   Spain
LECM FIR Madrid ACC   Spain
LECS FIR Sevilla ACC   Spain
LFBB FIR Bordeaux ACC   France
LFEE FIR Reims ACC   France
LFFF FIR Paris ACC   France
LFMM FIR Marseille ACC   France
LFRR FIR Brest ACC   France
LGGG FIR Athens ACC   Greece
LHCC FIR Budapest ACC   Hungary
LIBB FIR Brindisi ACC   Italy
LIMM FIR Milano ACC   Italy
LIRR FIR Roma ACC   Italy
LJLA FIR Ljubljana ACC   Slovenia
LKAA FIR Praha ACC   Czech Republic
LLLL FIR Tel-Aviv ACC   Israel
LMMM FIR Malta ACC   Malta
LOVV FIR Wien ACC   Austria
LPPC FIR Lisboa ACC   Portugal
LPPO FIR Santa Maria Oceanic ACC Oceanic   Azores (  Portugal)
LQSB FIR Sarajevo ACC   Bosnia and Herzegovina
LRBB FIR Bucuresti ACC   Romania
LSAG FIR Geneve ACC    Switzerland
LSAS FIR Switzerland ACC    Switzerland
LSAZ FIR Zurich ACC    Switzerland
LTAA FIR Ankara ACC   Turkey
LTBB FIR Istanbul ACC   Turkey
LUUU FIR Chisinau ACC   Moldova
LWSS FIR Skopje ACC   North Macedonia
LYBA FIR Beograd ACC   Serbia
LZBB FIR Bratislava ACC   Slovakia
MDCS FIR Santo Domingo ACC   Dominican Republic
MHTG FIR Central American ACC   Honduras
MKJK FIR Kingston ACC   Jamaica
MMFO FIR Mazatlan Oceanic ACC Oceanic   Mexico
MMFR FIR Mexico ACC   Mexico
MPZL FIR Panama ACC   Panama
MTEG FIR Port-Au-Prince ACC   Haiti
MUFH FIR Habana ACC   Cuba
MYNA FIR Nassau ACC   Bahamas
NFFF FIR Nadi ACC   Fiji
NTTT FIR Tahiti ACC   French Polynesia (  France)
NWWX FIR Noumea ACC   New Caledonia (  France)
NZZC FIR New Zealand ACC   New Zealand
NZZO FIR Auckland Oceanic ACC Oceanic   New Zealand
OAKX FIR Kabul ACC   Afghanistan
OBBB FIR Bahrain ACC   Bahrain
OEJD FIR Jeddah ACC   Saudi Arabia
OIIX FIR Tehran ACC   Iran
OJAC FIR Amman ACC   Jordan
OKAC FIR Kuwait ACC   Kuwait
OLBB FIR Beirut ACC   Lebanon
OMAE FIR Emirates ACC   United Arab Emirates
OOMM FIR Muscat ACC   Oman
OPKR FIR Karachi ACC   Pakistan
OPLR FIR Lahore ACC   Pakistan
ORBB FIR Baghdad ACC   Iraq
ORMM FIR ORMM FIR   Iraq
OSTT FIR Damascus ACC   Syria
OYSC FIR Sanaa ACC   Yemen
PAZA FIR Anchorage ACC   United States
PAZN FIR Anchorage Oceanic ACC Oceanic   United States
PHZH FIR Honolulu ACC   United States
RCAA FIR Taipei ACC   Taiwan
RJJJ FIR Fukuoka ACC   Japan
RKRR FIR Incheon ACC   South Korea
RPHI FIR Manila ACC   Philippines
SACF FIR Cordoba ACC   Argentina
SACU UIR Cordoba UIR   Argentina
SAEF FIR Ezeiza ACC   Argentina
SAEU UIR Ezeiza UIR   Argentina
SAMF FIR Mendoza ACC   Argentina
SAMV UIR Mendoza UIR   Argentina
SARR FIR Resistencia ACC   Argentina
SAVF FIR Comodoro Rivadavia ACC   Argentina
SAVU UIR Comodoro Rivadavia UIR   Argentina
SBAO FIR Atlantico ACC   Brazil
SBAZ FIR Amazonica ACC   Brazil
SBBS FIR Brasilia ACC   Brazil
SBCW FIR Curitiba ACC   Brazil
SBRE FIR Recife ACC   Brazil
SCCZ FIR Punta Arenas ACC   Chile
SCEZ FIR Santiago ACC   Chile
SCFZ FIR Antofagasta ACC   Chile
SCIZ FIR Easter Island ACC   Easter Island (  Chile)
SCTZ FIR Puerto Montt ACC   Chile
SEFG FIR Guayaquil ACC   Ecuador
SGFA FIR Asuncion ACC   Paraguay
SKEC FIR Barranquilla ACC   Colombia
SKED FIR Bogota ACC   Colombia
SLLF FIR La Paz ACC   Bolivia
SMPM FIR Paramaribo ACC   Suriname
SOOO FIR Rochambeau ACC   French Guiana (  France)
SPIM FIR Lima ACC   Peru
SUEO FIR Montevideo ACC   Uruguay
SVZM FIR Maiquetia ACC   Venezuela
SYGC FIR Georgetown ACC   Guyana
TJZS FIR San Juan ACC   Puerto Rico (  United States)
TNCF FIR Curacao ACC   Curaçao (  Netherlands)
TTZP FIR Piarco ACC   Trinidad and Tobago
UAAX FIR Almaty ACC   Kazakhstan
UACX FIR Astana ACC   Kazakhstan
UAFX FIR Bishkek ACC   Kyrgyzstan
UASS FIR Semipalatinsk ACC   Kazakhstan
UDDD FIR Yerevan ACC   Armenia
UEMH FIR Tyoply Klyuch ACC   Russia
UENN FIR Nyurba ACC   Russia
UESS FIR Chersky ACC   Russia
UESU FIR Zyryanka ACC   Russia
UEVV FIR Gigansk ACC   Russia
UGEE FIR Yerevan/Zvartnots ACC   Russia
UGGG FIR Tbilisi ACC   Georgia
UHBI FIR Magdagachi ACC   Russia
UHBI FIR Magdagachi ACC   Russia
UHHH FIR Khabarovsk/Novy   Russia
UHMI FIR Mys Shmidta ACC   Russia
UHMM FIR Magadan Oceanic Oceanic   Russia
UHMP FIR Pevek ACC   Russia
UHNN FIR Nikolayevsk-na-Amure ACC   Russia
UHPT FIR Tilichiki ACC   Russia
UHPU FIR Ust-Khairyozovo ACC   Russia
UHSH FIR Okha ACC   Russia
UIKB FIR Bodaybo ACC   Russia
UIKK FIR Kirensk ACC   Russia
UKBV FIR Kyiv ACC   Ukraine
UKCV FIR Donetsk ACC   Ukraine
UKDV FIR Dnepropetrovsk ACC   Ukraine
UKFV FIR Simferopol ACC   Ukraine
UKHV FIR Kharkiv ACC   Ukraine
UKLV FIR Lviv ACC   Ukraine
UKOV FIR Odesa ACC   Ukraine
ULLL FIR Sankt Peterburg ACC   Russia
ULOL FIR Velikiye Luki ACC   Russia
UMKD FIR Kazan ACC   Russia
UMMV FIR Minsk ACC   Belarus
UNLL FIR Kolpashevo ACC   Russia
UOTT FIR Turukhansk ACC   Russia
URRV FIR Rostov-Na-Donu ACC   Russia
USDK FIR Mys Kamenny ACC   Russia
USHB FIR Beryozovo ACC   Russia
USHH FIR Khanty-Mansiysk ACC   Russia
UTAK FIR Turkmenbashi ACC   Turkmenistan
UTNR FIR Nukus ACC   Uzbekistan
UTSD FIR Samarkand ACC   Uzbekistan
UTTR FIR Tashkent ACC   Uzbekistan
UUWV FIR Moscow ACC   Russia
UUYW FIR Vorkuta ACC   Russia
UUYY FIR Syktyvkar ACC   Russia
UWOO FIR Orenburg/Tsentralny ACC   Russia
VABF FIR Mumbai ACC   India
VCCC FIR Colombo ACC   Sri Lanka
VDPF FIR Phnom Penh ACC   Cambodia
VECF FIR Kolkata ACC   India
VGFR FIR Dhaka ACC   Bangladesh
VHHK FIR Hong Kong ACC   Hong Kong
VIDF FIR Delhi ACC   India
VLIV FIR Vientiane ACC   Laos
VLVT FIR Vientiane ACC   Laos
VNSM FIR Kathmandu ACC     Nepal
VOMF FIR Chennai ACC   India
VRMF FIR Male ACC   Maldives
VTBB FIR Bangkok ACC   Thailand
VVHM FIR Ho Chi Minh ACC   Vietnam
VVHN FIR Hanoi ACC   Vietnam
VYMD FIR   Myanmar
VYYF FIR Yangon ACC   Myanmar
WAAF FIR Ujung Pandang   Indonesia
WAAZ FIR Ujung Pandang ACC   Indonesia
WABZ FIR Biak Sector Sector   Indonesia
WADZ FIR Bali Sector Sector   Indonesia
WAJZ FIR   Indonesia
WAKZ FIR Merauke Sector Sector   Indonesia
WALZ FIR Balikpapan Sector Sector   Indonesia
WAMZ FIR Manado Sector Sector   Indonesia
WAOZ FIR Banjarmasin Sector Sector   Indonesia
WAPZ FIR Ambon Sector Sector   Indonesia
WATZ FIR Kupang Sector Sector   Indonesia
WBFC FIR Kota Kinabalu ACC   Brunei/  Malaysia
WIIF FIR Jakarta   Indonesia
WIIZ FIR Jakarta ACC   Indonesia
WIMZ FIR Medan Sector Sector   Indonesia
WIOZ FIR Pontianak Sector Sector   Indonesia
WIPZ FIR Palembang Sector Sector   Indonesia
WMFC FIR Kuala Lumpur ACC   Malaysia
WSJC FIR Singapore ACC   Singapore
YBBB FIR Brisbane ACC   Australia
YMMM FIR Melbourne ACC   Australia
ZBPE FIR Beijing ACC   China
ZGJD FIR Zhuhai ACC   China
ZGZU FIR Guangzhou ACC   China
ZHWH FIR Wuhan ACC   China
ZJSA FIR Sanya ACC   China
ZKKP FIR Pyongyang ACC   North Korea
ZLHW FIR Lanzhou ACC   China
ZMUB FIR Ulan Bator ACC   Mongolia
ZPKM FIR Kunming ACC   China
ZSHA FIR Shanghai ACC   China
ZWUQ FIR Urumqi ACC   China
ZYSH FIR Shenyang ACC   China

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Citations
  1. ^ "Record Strait Traffic Due Today". The Mercury. Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia. 24 December 1947. p. 1. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Ensuring safety of air routes". The Advocate. Burnie, Tas.: National Library of Australia. 4 February 1953. p. 3. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  3. ^ Bhalotra, Y. P. R.; Botswana. Department of Meteorological Services (1990), Gaborone flight information region requirements for meteorological service, Director, Meteorological Services, retrieved 23 January 2014
  4. ^ "Ex-military spy drone to conduct NASA climate tests in Australian airspace" ABC News (24 January 2014) re: Brisbane, Queensland, Australia FIR – "Airservices Australia today confirmed that the NASA Global Hawk would conduct tropospheric research in Brisbane's Flight Information Region (FIR). Brisbane's FIR covers an area including northern New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory and northern Western Australia plus airspace over the north and north eastern oceans"
  5. ^ Jeziorski, Andrzej (1999-03-10), "South Pacific Forum pushes for unified flight information region", Flight International, Reed Business Information Ltd: 14(1), ISSN 0015-3710

External linksEdit

  • ICAO Aviation Data Service (official site)
  • ICAO World Airport and Runway Map (official site)