Francis E. Walter
Photo of Francis E. Walter
Francis E. Walter as he appeared as a young Congressman in 1939
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 15th district
In office
January 3, 1953 – May 31, 1963
Preceded byAlvin Bush
Succeeded byFred B. Rooney
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 20th district
In office
January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1953
Preceded byLeon H. Gavin
Succeeded byJames E. Van Zandt
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 21st district
In office
March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1945
Preceded byJ. Banks Kurtz
Succeeded byChester H. Gross
Personal details
Born(1894-05-26)May 26, 1894
Easton, Pennsylvania
DiedMay 31, 1963(1963-05-31) (aged 69)
Cause of deathLeukemia
Resting placeArlington National Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic
Military service
Branch/serviceUnited States Navy

Francis Eugene Walter (May 26, 1894 – May 31, 1963) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. Walter was a prominent member of the House Un-American Activities Committee from 1951 to 1963, serving as chair of that committee for the last nine of those years. He was a Democrat who wanted to minimize immigration and was largely responsible for the McCarran–Walter Act of 1952, which kept the old quotas but also opened up many new opportunities for legal immigration to the US.

Biography

Francis E. Walter was born in Easton, Pennsylvania. He attended Lehigh University, George Washington University and Georgetown University. During both World Wars I and II he served in the air service of the United States Navy. He was the director of the Broad Street Trust Company in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and of the Easton National Bank in Easton. From 1928-33 he was the Solicitor of Northampton County, Pennsylvania. He was a delegate to the 1928 Democratic National Convention. He was elected as a Democrat to the 73rd United States Congress and served until his death in Washington, D.C.

Walter is best known for the McCarran-Walter Act, passed over President Truman's veto in 1952, which, while it opened naturalization to Asian immigrants for the first time, continued the immigration quota system based on national origin introduced in 1924, and allowed the U.S. government to deport and/or bar from re-entry those identified as subversives, particularly members and former members of the Communist Party. In 1944, he presented President Roosevelt with a letter opener made of an arm bone of a fallen Japanese soldier.[1]

Walter's views were regarded by some as "reactionary and racist".[2] A staunch anti-Communist, he served as chairman of the House Un-American Activities Committee during the 84th through 88th Congresses. Walter also served as a director of the Pioneer Fund, a foundation best known for its advocacy of IQ variation among races.

Walter appeared in a central role in the 1960s-era U.S. government anti-Communist propaganda film Operation Abolition.[3][4][5][6] Historical footage of Walter also appears in the 1990 documentary film Berkeley in the Sixties.

He died in 1963, aged 69, from leukemia and was interred at Arlington National Cemetery.[7]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ James J. Weingartner, "Trophies of War", Pacific Historical Review, 61, 1 (1992), pp. 54-67, 60-61.
  2. ^ Roger Daniels, Guarding the Golden Door: American Immigration Policy and Immigrants since 1882 (Boston & New York: Hill and Wang, 2004), p. 129.
  3. ^ "Operation Abolition," 1960 on YouTube
  4. ^ "Operation Abolition", Time magazine, 1961.
  5. ^ Operation Abolition (1960) on YouTube
  6. ^ "Operation Abolition", video.google.com and Time magazine, Friday, Mar. 17, 1961.
  7. ^ Rep. Francis Walter of Pennsylvania Dies; Somerset Daily American; Somerset, Pennsylvania; Page 1; June 1, 1963

Further reading

  • Dimmitt, Marius Albert, Sr. The Enactment of the McCarran-Walter Act of 1952. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kansas, 1970

External links

  • United States Congress. "Francis E. Walter (id: W000108)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-02-21
  • The Political Graveyard
  • Letters to Francis E. Walter. Available online through Lehigh University's I Remain: A Digital Archive of Letters, Manuscripts, and Ephemera.


U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
J. Banks Kurtz
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 21st congressional district

1933–1945
Succeeded by
Chester H. Gross
Preceded by
Leon H. Gavin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 20th congressional district

1945–1953
Succeeded by
James E. Van Zandt
Preceded by
Alvin Bush
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district

1953–1963
Succeeded by
Fred B. Rooney