Ouragan-1.jpg
Sister ship Ouragan underway before 1942
History
France
Name: Mistral
Namesake: Mistral
Ordered: 5 March 1923
Laid down: 28 November 1923
Launched: 6 June 1925
Completed: 1 June 1927
Commissioned: 5 April 1927
In service: 21 January 1928
Fate: Constructive total loss 10 June 1944
General characteristics
Class and type: Bourrasque-class destroyer
Displacement:
  • 1,320 t (1,300 long tons) (standard)
  • 1,825 t (1,796 long tons) (full load)
Length: 105.6 m (346 ft 5.5 in)
Beam: 9.7 m (31 ft 9.9 in)
Draft: 3.5 m (11 ft 5.8 in)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph)
Range: 3,000 nmi (5,600 km; 3,500 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Crew: 9 officers, 153 crewmen (wartime)
Armament:

Mistral was a Bourrasque-class destroyer (torpilleur d'escadre) built for the French Navy during the 1920s.

Design and description

The Bourrasque class had an overall length of 105.6 meters (346 ft 5 in), a beam of 9.7 meters (31 ft 10 in), and a draft of 3.5 meters (11 ft 6 in). The ships displaced 1,320 metric tons (1,300 long tons) at (standard) load and 1,825 metric tons (1,796 long tons) at deep load. They were powered by two geared steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft, using steam provided by three du Temple boilers. The turbines were designed to produce 31,000 metric horsepower (22,800 kW; 30,576 shp), which would propel the ship at 33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph). The ships carried enough fuel oil to give them a range of 3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km; 3,500 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph).[1]

The main armament of the Bourrasque-class ships consisted of four Canon de 130 mm (5.1 in) Modèle 1919 guns in shielded single mounts, one superfiring pair each fore and aft of the superstructure. Their anti-aircraft (AA) armament consisted of a single Canon de 75 mm (3 in) Modèle 1924 gun. The ships carried two triple mounts of 550-millimeter (21.7 in) torpedo tubes amidships. A pair of depth charge chutes were built into their stern that housed a total of sixteen 200-kilogram (440 lb) depth charges.[1]

Construction and career

When France surrendered to Germany in June 1940 during World War II, Mistral sought refuge at Plymouth Dockyard in Devon, England. On 3 July 1940, the British executed Operation Catapult, in which they seized or destroyed French warships in French and British ports to prevent them from falling into German or Vichy French hands. That day, Mistral was partially scuttled at Plymouth during the operation.[2] The British later salvaged her and placed her in Royal Navy service as HMS Mistral. Eventually, the British transferred her to the control of the Free French Naval Forces.

Operating with the Free French Naval Forces in support of the Allied invasion of Normandy, Mistral was damaged by German artillery fire in the English Channel off Quinéville, Manche, France, on 10 June 1944. She was declared a constructive total loss.[3][4]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Jordan & Moulin, p. 41
  2. ^ "Naval Events, July 1940, Part 1 of 2, Monday 1st- Sunday 14th". Naval History. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
  3. ^ Rohwer, Jürgen; Gerhard Hümmelchen. "Seekrieg 1944, Juni". Württembergische Landesbibliothek Stuttgart (in German). Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Hans Leonhardt (5614916)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 27 March 2012.

References

  • Chesneau, Roger, ed. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7.
  • Jordan, John & Moulin, Jean (2015). French Destroyers: Torpilleurs d'Escadre & Contre-Torpilleurs 1922–1956. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-198-4.
  • Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2.
  • Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1.