The Japanese manufacturing company Kuretake was the first to launch a brush pen in 1973, then followed by Pentel, which launched the "Pocket Brush" in 2010. The Pocket used replaceable waterproof ink cartridges like fountain pens.
Fudepens (designed and recommended for calligraphy) have also gained popularity among comic book artists, who choose them to ink their works instead of dip pens or traditional brushes. One of those artists using Pentel was the American comic book artist, Neal Adams.
Another two Japanese brands, Sakura and Tombow, manufacture and commercialise brush-tip markers, named "brush pens" by themselves, although unlike Pentel or Kuretake products, Sakura's and Tombow's don't use the same type of ink and do not bear refillable cartridges either.