Gabriel Bibron (20 October 1805 – 27 March 1848) was a French zoologist, and herpetologist. He was born in Paris. The son of an employee of the Museum national d'histoire naturelle, he had a good foundation in natural history and was hired to collect vertebrates in Italy and Sicily. Under the direction of Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent (1778–1846), he took part in the Morea expedition to Peloponnese.
He classified numerous reptile species with André Marie Constant Duméril (1774–1860), whom he had met in 1832. Duméril was interested mainly in the relations between genera, and he left to Bibron the task of describing the species. Working together they produced the Erpétologie Générale, a comprehensive account of the reptiles, published in ten volumes from 1834 to 1854. Also, Bibron assisted Duméril with teaching duties at the museum and was an instructor at a primary school in Paris.
Taxa named in honor of Bibron
Bibron is commemorated in the scientific names of ten species of reptiles.
- Afrotyphlops bibronii, a blind snake
- Atractaspis bibroni, a venomous snake
- Calliophis bibroni, a venomous snake
- Candoia bibroni, a boa
- Diplolaemus bibronii, a lizard
- Enyalius bibronii, a lizard
- Eutropis bibronii, a skink
- Liolaemus bibronii, a lizard
- Chondrodactylus bibronii, a gecko
- Pelochelys bibroni, a turtle
- Scientific Commission's voyage to Morea. Archived 2013-12-02 at the Wayback Machine
- Schmidt, Karl P.; Davis, D. Dwight (1941). Field Book of Snakes of the United States and Canada. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. 365 pp. ("History of snake study", p. 12).
- Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Bibron", p. 25).
- SSARHerps (biography).
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