|Publisher||Magna Publishing Group|
|Founder||Ronald L. Fenton|
|First issue||November 1972|
|Language||English, many others|
Gallery was launched by Ronald L. Fenton and trial attorney F. Lee Bailey in Chicago, Illinois. The first issue appeared on newsstands in November, 1972 bearing an uncanny resemblance to Playboy magazine, even using the same style font for the cover. Many people therefore assumed Gallery was also published by Hugh Hefner as a companion publication to Playboy.  After Hefner sent a letter to Bailey pointing out the magazine's similarities, the layout of Gallery was quickly changed.
Financial difficulties plagued the magazine from the start, causing Bailey to leave during its inaugural year. Following publication of the January 1974 issue, Fenton was forced to forfeit ownership of the magazine to its distributor.
Montcalm Publications, based in New York, eventually acquired Gallery and added it to its portfolio of periodicals. Montcalm also published The Twilight Zone Magazine in the 1980s, apparently in imitation of Penthouse magazine's offshoot Omni.
Montcalm Publishing went bankrupt in March 2008, owing many photographers and models unpaid wages; some were owed as much as $100,000.
Gallery has long featured a "Girl Next Door" contest in which photographers submit pictures of amateur models (similar to Hustler's "Beaver Hunt.") From each group of monthly entries, one model winner is selected. At the end of the year, one is crowned "Girl Next Door of the Year" and awarded a cash prize of $25,000. The most famous winner is retired porn star Stacy Valentine; at the time of her selection she was Oklahoma housewife Stacy Baker.