Gemini SC-2

Summary

SC-2
Gemini2x.jpg
Gemini SC-2 on display
TypeReentry capsule
Test article
ClassGemini
ManufacturerMcDonnell
Manufactured1964
Flight history
First flightGemini 2
January 19, 1965
Last flightOPS 0855
November 3, 1966
Flights2
Preserved atAir Force Space and Missile Museum

Gemini SC-2 (Spacecraft No. 2) was the second NASA Project Gemini full-up reentry capsule built. This McDonnell Gemini capsule was the first space capsule to be reused, flying twice in suborbital flights. SC-2 flew on Gemini 2 and OPS 0855 flights. The capsule is currently on display at the Air Force Space and Missile Museum at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.[1]

Spacecraft history

The capsule is part of the collection of the National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution.[2]

On 19 January 1965, the Gemini 2 suborbital test mission was launched, with the second prototype Gemini capsule.[3][4]

In March 1965, NASA approved the transfer of the Gemini 2 capsule to the USAF for modification into the first prototype of the Gemini B capsule.[5]

On 3 November 1965, the first Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL) and Gemini B suborbital test mission was launched.[5] Thus, if one doesn't count the Mercury capsule used on flights Mercury-Redstone 1 and Mercury-Redstone 1A, the Mercury capsule used on test flights Little Joe 5A and Little Joe 5B, or the Mercury capsule used on flights Mercury-Atlas 3 and Mercury Atlas 4, it became the only reentry capsule of the United States to be reflown.[6] It is also the first capsule to ever be flown twice in space.[7]

The capsule was transferred to the Smithsonian Institution, as part of the National Air and Space Museum collection.[2]

The a mock-up of the Gemini B capsule was put on display in the Allan and Malcolm Lockheed and Glenn Martin Space Gallery at the National Museum of the USAF in 2016.[2]

The flown Gemini SC-2 capsule was put on display in the exhibit hall of the Air Force Space and Missile Museum of the USAF in 2017.[3]

Flight history

Flight № Mission Launch date (UTC) Launch Landing Notes
1 Gemini 2 19 January 1965 Gemini 2.jpg SH-3A Sea King over Gemini 2 spacecraft 1965.jpg NASA Mission [3][4][5]
2 OPS 0855 3 November 1966 Titan-3C MOL-Gemini-B-Test 3.jpg USAF Mission; first reflight of a previously flown reentry capsule [3][4][5]

See also

References

  1. ^ USAF (23 May 2020). "Gemini Spacecraft". National Museum of the U.S. Air Force.
  2. ^ a b c USAF (4 April 2016). "Gemini Spacecraft". National Museum of the U.S. Air Force.
  3. ^ a b c d USAF (2017). "Gemini Capsule". Air Force Space and Missile Museum.
  4. ^ a b c "Gemini-B: NASA-Gemini's Air Force Twin" (PDF). Historic Space Systems Infosheet. No. 1. Historic Space Systems. September 1996.
  5. ^ a b c d Amy Shira Teitel (3 November 2015). "The Manned Orbiting Laboratory the Air Force Failed to Launch". Popular Science.
  6. ^ James Dean (3 November 2016). "50 years ago, Air Force 'MOL' program launched only mission". Florida Today.
  7. ^ Terry Roen (3 November 2016). "Air Force celebrates 50th anniversary of Gemini launch". Orlando Rising.

Further reading

  • "Gemini-B: NASA-Gemini's Air Force Twin" (PDF). Historic Space Systems Infosheet. No. 1. Historic Space Systems. September 1996.
  • James M. Grimwood; Barton C. Hacker; Peter J. Vorzimmer. Project Gemini: Technology and Operations: A Chronology. NASA. SP-4002.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  • Carl Berger (1970). History of the Manned Orbiting Laboratory Program (MOL) (PDF). MOL Program Office. Department of the Air Force (USA). BYE-68204/70.

External links

  • "Index, Declassified Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL) Records". National Reconnaissance Office (U.S. NRO). 22 October 2015. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 31 December 2017.