Geoffrey Dhenin

Summary

Sir Geoffrey Dhenin
Born(1918-04-04)4 April 1918
Bridgend, Glamorgan, Wales
Died6 May 2011(2011-05-06) (aged 93)
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchRoyal Air Force
Years of service1943–1978
RankAir Marshal
Service number138384
Commands heldRAF Medical Services
Battles/warsSecond World War
Cold War
AwardsKnight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Air Force Cross & Bar
George Medal
Commander of the Order of St John
Mentioned in Despatches

Air Marshal Sir Geoffrey Howard Dhenin, KBE, AFC & Bar, GM, CStJ (2 April 1918 – 6 May 2011) was a British physician and senior Royal Air Force officer. From 1974 to 1978, he served as Director General of the RAF Medical Services.[1]

Early life and education

Dhenin was born on 4 April 1918, three days after the formation of the Royal Air Force, in Bridgend, Glamorgan, Wales.[2][3] He was educated at Hereford Cathedral School, then an all-boys grammar school in Hereford, Herefordshire.[1] Having won a scholarship, he studied Natural Sciences at St John's College, Cambridge.[1][3] He then continued his studies at Guy's Hospital Medical School, and qualified as a medical doctor.[2]

In the 1950s, Dhenin undertook research for a Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree at the University of Cambridge. His doctoral thesis was titled "Radiation hazards in aviation", and was completed in 1956.[4]

Military career

166 Squadron's "Dante's Daughter" at RAF Kirmington, February 1943

On 11 February 1943, Dhenin was commissioned into the Medical Branch of the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve as a flying officer (emergency).[5] He was then appointed the medical officer of No. 166 Squadron RAF, an Avro Lancaster bomber squadron that was based at RAF Kirmington.[1][6] During his time at Kirmington, he was awarded the George Medal for a rescuing an airman from a burning wreck in October 1943.[2][7] On 8 June 1944, two days after D-Day, he transferred to a mobile field hospital.[2][6] Based in Normandy, France, he was tasked with evacuating casualties by air from the campaign across North-West Europe.[1][3]

On 1 September 1945, after the end of the Second World War, Dhenin transferred to the Medical Branch of the Royal Air Force as a flight lieutenant.[8]

As part of the half-yearly promotions, he was promoted to air commodore (one star rank) on 1 January 1967.[9]

Honours

On 14 January 1944, Dhenin was awarded the George Medal (GM), the second highest civil decoration of the UK, for rescuing an airman from a crashed and burning bomber.[7] In the 1954 New Year Honours, he was awarded an Air Force Cross (AFC) for flying a plane into the mushroom cloud of the first British nuclear bomb test in Australia in 1953.[10][2] In the 1959 Queen's Birthday Honours, he was awarded a bar to his Air Force Cross (i.e. he was awarded the AFC for a second time).[11] In November 1974, he was appointed a Commander of the Order of St John (CStJ).[12] In the 1975 New Year Honours, he was knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE).[13]

One night in October, 1943, an aircraft, which had sustained damage during an attack against Hanover, crashed near an airfield. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and immediately burst into flames. The rear gunner was injured and trapped in his crushed turret, being pinned down by the remains of the tail unit and the rear of the fuselage. A high explosive bomb was in the blazing wreckage some 10 yards away from the gunner. Flying Officer Dhenin, the station medical officer, and Corporal Lush, a gunner, hastened to the scene of the accident. Although fully aware that the heat might cause the bomb to detonate at any moment Flying Officer Dhenin worked for over half an hour to relieve the injured airman's pain and, assisted by Corporal Lush, endeavoured to release him. Their efforts to extricate the gunner were, however, unavailing. A mobile crane was brought to the scene and the mass of wreckage was lifted clear of the ground. Displaying complete disregard for his own safety, Flying Officer Dhenin then crawled under the wreckage and released the trapped airman thereby enabling others helpers to drag him to safety. Flying Officer Dhenin and Corporal Lush showed fine courage and determination in circumstances of great danger.

— The citation for his George Medal[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e van der Vat, Dan (13 July 2011). "Air Marshal Sir Geoffrey Dhenin obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Air Marshal Sir Geoffrey Dhenin". The Daily Telegraph. 11 May 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  3. ^ a b c "Air Marshal Sir Geoffrey Dhenin". The Times. 2 June 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Private Papers of Air Marshal Sir Geoffrey Dhenin KBE AFC GM". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  5. ^ "No. 35949". The London Gazette. 19 March 1943. p. 1367.
  6. ^ a b "Air Marshal Sir Geoffrey Dhenin (138384)". Air of Authority. 21 August 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  7. ^ a b c "No. 36329". The London Gazette. 11 January 1944. pp. 283–284.
  8. ^ "No. 37556". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 May 1946. p. 2170.
  9. ^ "No. 44218". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1966. p. 82.
  10. ^ "No. 40053". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1953. p. 33.
  11. ^ "No. 41727". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 June 1959. p. 3733.
  12. ^ "No. 46417". The London Gazette. 29 November 1974. pp. 11999–12000.
  13. ^ "No. 46444". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1974. p. 7.