George Howard Parker


George Howard Parker (December 23, 1864 – March 26, 1955)[1] was an American zoologist. He was a professor at Harvard, and investigated the anatomy and physiology of sense organs and animal reactions.

George Howard Parker
George Howard Parker.jpg
George Howard Parker ca. 1895
Born(1864-12-23)December 23, 1864
DiedMarch 26, 1955(1955-03-26) (aged 90)
Alma materHarvard
AwardsDaniel Giraud Elliot Medal
Scientific career
FieldsPhysiology, Zoology
InstitutionsHarvard University
ThesisThe Compound Eyes in Crustaceans (1891)
Doctoral advisorEdward Laurens Mark
Doctoral students


George Howard Parker was born in Philadelphia on 23 Dec 1864.[2] He graduated from Harvard in 1887 with his undergraduate degree, later pursuing special courses there and at the universities of Leipzig, Berlin and Freiburg. He became assistant instructor in zoology at Harvard in 1888 and occupied different positions there, earning his Ph.D. in 1891 and becoming professor of zoology in 1906.[3]

He was Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and also of the American Philosophical Society.[4][5]

For his work "Do Melanophore Nerves Show Antidromic Responses?" in the Journal of General Physiology, Parker was awarded the Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal in 1937 by the National Academy of Sciences.[6] He was William Brewster Clark lecturer at Amherst College in 1914 and in that year was sent by the United States Government to investigate the Pribilof seal herd.[3]

Selected publicationsEdit

  • G.H. Parker. 1904. Olfactory reactions of Fishes. Journal of Experimental Zoology 8(4):535-542.
  • G.H. Parker. 1908. The sensory reactions of Amphioxus. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 43(16):415-455.
  • W.H. Osgood, E.A. Preble, G.H. Parker, and R.M.E. MacDonald. 1915. The Fur Seals and Other Life of the Pribilof Islands, Alaska, in 1914. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 172pp.
  • George Howard Parker. 1932. Humoral Agents in Nervous Activity: With Special Reference to Chromatophores. Cambridge University Press. 79pp.
  • G.H. Parker, F.A. Brown Jr. and J.M. Odiorne. 1935. The relation of the eyes to chromatophoral activities. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 69(12):439-462


  1. ^ Coan, E. V.; Kabat, A. R.; Petit, R. E. (2010). 2,400 Years of Malacology (PDF) (7th ed.). American Malacological Society. p. 874.
  2. ^ U.S., Passport Applications, 1795-1925 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2007.
  3. ^ a b This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainRines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Parker, George Howard" . Encyclopedia Americana.
  4. ^ Beebe-Center, G. B. (1955). "George Howard Parker: 1864–1955". American Journal of Psychology. 68 (3): 492–494. JSTOR 1418546. PMID 13248993.
  5. ^ Romer, A. S. (1967). George Howard Parker 1864—1955: A Biographical Memoir (PDF). National Academy of Sciences.
  6. ^ "Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal". National Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on 29 December 2010. Retrieved 16 February 2011.

External linksEdit

  • Biography of George Howard Parker
  • Works by George Howard Parker at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)