Georgy Nikolayevich Flyorov
|Died||19 November 1990 (aged 77)|
|Resting place||Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow|
|Alma mater||Leningrad Polytechnic Institute|
|Known for||Discovery of spontaneous fission, Soviet atomic bomb project|
|Awards||Hero of Socialist Labor (1949)|
|Institutions||Joint Institute for Nuclear Research|
USSR Academy of Science
|Notable students||Yuri Oganessian|
Georgy Nikolayevich Flyorov (also spelled Flerov, Russian: Гео́ргий Никола́евич Флёров, IPA: [gʲɪˈorgʲɪj nʲɪkɐˈlajɪvʲɪtɕ ˈflʲɵrəf]; 2 March 1913 – 19 November 1990) was a Soviet nuclear physicist who is known for his discovery of spontaneous fission and his contribution towards the physics of thermal reactions. In addition, he is also known for his letter directed to Joseph Stalin, during the midst of World War II, to start the atomic bomb project in the Soviet Union.
Flyorov was born in Rostov-on-Don and attended the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute (now known as the Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University) and majored in thermal physics and nuclear physics.
He is known for writing to Stalin in April 1942 as an air force lieutenant and pointing out the conspicuous silence within the field of nuclear fission in the United States, the United Kingdom and Germany. Flyorov's urgings to "build the uranium bomb without delay" eventually led to the development of the Soviet atomic bomb project.
He founded the Flyorov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions (FLNR), one of the main laboratories of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna in 1957, and was director there until 1989. Also during this period, he chaired the Scientific Council of the Soviet Academy of Sciences.
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