|Born||February 13, 1928|
The Bronx, New York, U.S.
|Genres||Film score, television score, contemporary classical|
Gerald Fried (born February 13, 1928) is an American composer, conductor, and oboist known for his film and television scores. He composed music for well-known television series of the 1960s and 70s, including Mission: Impossible, Gilligan's Island, The Man from U.N.C.L.E., Shotgun Slade, Roots, and Star Trek. Early in his career, he collaborated with Stanley Kubrick, scoring several of his earliest films.
He has been nominated for five Primetime Emmy Awards, winning once in 1977 for Roots, and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Score for the documentary Birds Do It, Bees Do It (1974).
Born and raised in the Bronx, New York City, Fried attended The Juilliard School of Music. He attended The High School of Music & Art, graduating in 1945, and entered the world of film soundtracks when he composed the scores for five of Stanley Kubrick's earliest films.
After moving to Los Angeles he began composing and arranging music for several films such as Terror in a Texas Town and television shows such as The Man from U.N.C.L.E., working with Robert Drasnin, and also the original Star Trek, for which he composed the famous musical underscore "The Ritual/Ancient Battle/2nd Kroykah" (now known as "Star Trek fight music") for the episode "Amok Time." Among his television show themes is his jazz-inspired intro for the western series Shotgun Slade.
Fried is known for his collaboration with Quincy Jones on their Emmy Award-winning score for the 1977 miniseries Roots. Fried also arranged the exotica album Orienta. He won Golden Pine Award (Lifetime Achievement) at the 2013 International Samobor Film Music Festival, along with Ryuichi Sakamoto and Clint Eastwood. His credits consist of nearly 300 films, television episodes, and specials.
|1976||Nominated - (Oscar)||Best Music, Original Dramatic Score|
"Birds Do It, Bees Do It" (1974)
|1977||Nominated - (Primetime Emmy)||Outstanding Achievement in Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore)|
"Roots" (Part VIII) (1977)
|1977||Won - (Primetime Emmy)||Outstanding Achievement in Music Composition for a Series (Dramatic Underscore)|
"Roots" (Part I) (1977)
(shared with Quincy Jones)
|1980||Nominated - (Primetime Emmy)||Outstanding Achievement in Music Composition for a Limited Series or a Special (Dramatic Underscore)|
"The Silent Lovers" (1980)
|1984||Nominated - (Primetime Emmy)||Outstanding Achievement in Music Composition for a Limited Series or a Special (Dramatic Underscore)|
"The Mystic Warrior" (Part I) (1984)
|1988||Nominated - (Primetime Emmy)||Outstanding Music Composition for a Miniseries or a Special (Dramatic Underscore)|
"Napoleon and Josephine: A Love Story" (1987) (Part III)
Fried's underscore "The Ritual/Ancient Battle/2nd Kroykah", from the Star Trek episode "Amok Time" (1967) was featured in the 1996 movie The Cable Guy, starring Jim Carrey. It was also featured in two Futurama episodes; "Why Must I Be a Crustacean in Love?" (2000), as an alien anthem, and in a Star Trek vs. Futurama fight scene "Where No Fan Has Gone Before" (2002). It has also appeared in an episode of The Simpsons "Deep Space Homer" (1994). The score was also specifically chosen in the STS-133 Space Shuttle Discovery mission on March 4, 2011, as the morning wake-up music for the crew on Day 9 of the mission.
In December 1987, Fried lost his 5-year-old son, Zachary, to AIDS (from tainted blood from a blood bank). His screenplay and stage play Morningtime Train was based on the experience. Zachary's childhood drawings were used on T-shirts in fundraisers for The Pediatric AIDS Foundation.