U 570.jpg
Type VIIC submarine U-570 which looked almost identical to U-1102.
History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-1102
Ordered: 5 June 1941
Builder: Nordseewerke, Emden
Yard number: 224
Laid down: 16 April 1943
Launched: 15 January 1944
Commissioned: 22 February 1944
Fate: Scuttled on 21 December 1945
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 864.7 t (851 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.18 m (20 ft 3 in) o/a
  • 4.68 m (15 ft 4 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 17.6 knots (32.6 km/h; 20.3 mph) surfaced
  • 7.5 knots (13.9 km/h; 8.6 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth:
  • 220 m (720 ft)
  • Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44-57 crew
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
  • 8th U-boat Flotilla (Training)
  • 22 February 1944 – 12 May 1944
  • U-Abwehrschule (school boat)
  • 15 August 1944 – 5 May 1945
Commanders:
Operations: No Patrols
Victories: None

German submarine U-1102 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.[1]

Construction

The U-1102 was laid down on 16 April 1943 at the Nordseewerke shipyard in Emden, Germany. She was launched on 15 January 1944 and commissioned on 22 February 1944 under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Bernhard Schwarting.[2]

Diagram of a Type VIIC U-boat.

When she was completed, the submarine was 67.10 metres (220 ft 2 in) long, with a beam of 6.18 metres (20 ft 3 in), a height of 9.60 metres (31 ft 6 in) and a draft of 4.74 metres (15 ft 7 in). She was assessed at 864.7 t (851 long tons) submerged. The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced and two SSW GU 343/38-8 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The submarine was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft), had a maximum surface speed of 17.6 knots (32.6 km/h; 20.3 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.5 knots (13.9 km/h; 8.6 mph).When submerged, the U-boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) and when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph).[3]

The submarine was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds), one 3.7 cm (1.5 in) Flak M42 and two twin 2 cm (0.79 in) C/30 anti-aircraft guns. The boat had a complement of 44 to 57 men.[3]

Service history And Accident

U-1102 was used as a Training ship in the 8th U-boat Flotilla from 22 February 1944 to 12 May 1944. On 24 March 1944, the U-boat sank during a diving accident at the U-boat base quay in Pillau. Two crew members were lost in the incident and U-1102 was raised and decommissioned on 12 May 1944. She was brought to Danzig for repairs and returned to service as a school boat on 15 August 1944 under the command of a new commander Oberleutnant zur See Erwin Sell.[2]

Capture And End

U-1102 surrendered on 13 May 1945 in the Hohwacht Bay, Germany to the Allied Forces. The submarine was transferred to Wilhelmshaven via Kiel and was transferred to Loch Ryan on 23 June 1945. She stayed in Loch Ryan for her immersion in Operation Deadlight (post-war Allied operation) until 21 December 1945, when she was towed to sea by the British destroyer HMS Zetland (L.59).[1]

The U-2377 taken to sea to be scuttled during Operation Deadlight, the same fate was waiting for U-1102.

U-1102 was sunk at 15:05 on 21 December 1945 in the North Atlantic, North-West off the coast of Ireland by naval gun fire from the Polish destroyer ORP Piorun (G.65), the British destroyers HMS Onslaught (G.04) and HMS Zetland (L.59) and the British sloop HMS Fowey (L.15) sunk.[2]

Wreck

Her wreck still lies at 56°04′N 09°35′W / 56.067°N 9.583°W / 56.067; -9.583.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c Hofmann, Markus (2 February 2014). "U-1102". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 8 April 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Helgason, Guðmundur (1995). "U-1102". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 8 April 2016.
  3. ^ a b "U-1102 (+1945)". wrecksite.eu. 29 November 2009. Retrieved 8 April 2016.

Bibliography

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6.
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.