U 570.jpg
U-570 Type VIIC submarine that was captured by the British in 1941. This U-boat is almost identical to U-1194.
History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-1194
Ordered: 25 August 1941
Builder: F Schichau GmbH, Danzig
Yard number: 1564
Laid down: 29 December 1942
Launched: 5 August 1943
Commissioned: 21 October 1943
Fate: Surrendered on 9 May 1945
Status: Sunk on 22 December 1945
General characteristics
Class and type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement:
  • 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
  • 871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
  • 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth:
  • 220 m (720 ft)
  • Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 44–52 enlisted
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders:
  • Oblt.z.S. Gerhard Nolte[1]
  • 21 October 1943 – 11 October 1944
  • Oblt.z.S. Karl-Heinz Laudahn[2]
  • 12 October 1944 – 19 November 1944
  • Oblt.z.S. Herbert Zeissler[3]
  • 20 November 1944 – 9 May 1945
Operations: No patrols
Victories: None

German submarine U-1194 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was ordered on 25 August 1941, and was laid down on 29 December 1943 at F Schichau GmbH, Danzig, as yard number 1564. She was launched on 5 August 1943 and commissioned under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Gerhard Nolte on 21 October 1943.[4]

Design

German Type VIIC submarines were preceded by the shorter Type VIIB submarines. U-1194 had a displacement of 769 tonnes (757 long tons) when at the surface and 871 tonnes (857 long tons) while submerged.[5] She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two AEG GU 460/8-276 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[5]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph).[5] When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-1194 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes or 26 TMA mines, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, (220 rounds), one 3.7 cm (1.5 in) Flak M42 and two twin 2 cm (0.79 in) C/30 anti-aircraft guns. The boat had a complement of between 44 — 52 men.[5]

Service history

On 9 May 1945, U-1194 surrendered at Cuxhaven, Germany. She was later transferred to Loch Ryan, Scotland, from Wilhelmshaven on 23 June 1945. Of the 156 U-boats that eventually surrendered to the Allied forces at the end of the war, U-1194 was one of 116 selected to take part in Operation Deadlight. U-1194 was towed out on 22 December 1945, and sunk by naval gunfire.[4]

The wreck is located at 55°59′N 09°55′W / 55.983°N 9.917°W / 55.983; -9.917Coordinates: 55°59′N 09°55′W / 55.983°N 9.917°W / 55.983; -9.917.[4]

References

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Gerhard Nolte". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Karl-Heinz Laudahn". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Herbert Zeissler". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Helgason, Guðmundur. "U-1194". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 43-46.

Bibliography

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6.
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [German U-boat losses from September 1939 to May 1945]. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.

External links

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-1194". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net.