History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-138
Ordered: 25 September 1939
Builder: Deutsche Werke AG, Kiel
Laid down: 16 November 1939
Launched: 18 May 1940
Commissioned: 27 June 1940
Fate: Scuttled 18 June 1941 west of Cadiz, in position 36°04′N 07°29′W / 36.067°N 7.483°W / 36.067; -7.483 No casualties.
General characteristics
Class and type: IID
Type: Coastal submarine
Displacement:
  • 314 t (309 long tons) surfaced
  • 364 t (358 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 4.92 m (16 ft 2 in) (o/a)
  • 4.00 m (13 ft 1 in) (pressure hull)
Height: 8.40 m (27 ft 7 in)
Draught: 3.93 m (12 ft 11 in)
Installed power:
  • 700 PS (510 kW; 690 bhp) (diesels)
  • 410 PS (300 kW; 400 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Range:
  • 3,450 nmi (6,390 km; 3,970 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) surfaced
  • 56 nmi (104 km; 64 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 80 m (260 ft)
Complement: 3 officers, 22 men
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders:
  • Oblt.z.S. Wolfgang Lüth
  • Peter Lohmeyer
  • Oblt.z.S. Franz Gramitsky
Operations:
  • Five:
  • 1st patrol:
  • 10–26 September 1940
  • 2nd patrol:
  • 8–19 October 1940
  • 3rd patrol:
  • 5 November – 1 December 1940
  • 4th patrol:
  • 12–27 May 1941
  • 5th patrol:
  • 12–18 June 1941
Victories:
  • Six ships sunk for a total of 48,564 GRT
  • One ship damaged (6,993 GRT)

German submarine U-138 was a Type IID U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in World War II. Her keel was laid down on 16 November 1939 by Deutsche Werke in Kiel as yard number 267. She was launched on 18 May 1940 and commissioned on 27 June 1940 with Oberleutnant zur See Wolfgang Lüth in command.

U-138 conducted five patrols, sinking six ships totalling 48,564 gross register tons (GRT) and damaged one vessel of 6,993 GRT.

She was scuttled on 18 June 1941 after being damaged by British warships west of Cadiz in Spain. There were no casualties from her crew of 28.

Design

German Type IID submarines were enlarged versions of the original Type IIs. U-138 had a displacement of 314 tonnes (309 long tons) when at the surface and 364 tonnes (358 long tons) while submerged. Officially, the standard tonnage was 250 long tons (250 t), however.[1] The U-boat had a total length of 43.97 m (144 ft 3 in), a pressure hull length of 29.80 m (97 ft 9 in), a beam of 4.92 m (16 ft 2 in), a height of 8.40 m (27 ft 7 in), and a draught of 3.93 m (12 ft 11 in). The submarine was powered by two MWM RS 127 S four-stroke, six-cylinder diesel engines of 700 metric horsepower (510 kW; 690 shp) for cruising, two Siemens-Schuckert PG VV 322/36 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 410 metric horsepower (300 kW; 400 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 0.85 m (3 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 80–150 metres (260–490 ft).[1]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 12.7 knots (23.5 km/h; 14.6 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.4 knots (13.7 km/h; 8.5 mph).[1] When submerged, the boat could operate for 35–42 nautical miles (65–78 km; 40–48 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 3,800 nautical miles (7,000 km; 4,400 mi) at 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph). U-138 was fitted with three 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes at the bow, five torpedoes or up to twelve Type A torpedo mines, and a 2 cm (0.79 in) anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of 25.[1]

Operational career

1st patrol

U-138 departed Kiel on her first patrol on 10 September 1940. Her route took her through the Kattegat and Skagerrak before entering the North Sea. She then reached her area of operations off western Scotland and northern Northern Ireland after negotiating the gap between the Faroe and Shetland Islands.

Her first victim was New Sevilla, quickly followed by Boka and City of Simla. The three ships all went down 52 nmi (96 km; 60 mi) north-west of Rathlin Island on 20 September. The following day, she hit Empire Adventure. The ship sank while under tow by HMS Superman.

The boat docked in Lorient on the French Atlantic coast on 26 September.

2nd patrol

For her second foray, U-138 sank Bonheur and damaged British Glory on 15 October 1940 northwest of the Butt of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides. British Glory was repaired and returned to service in January 1942.

3rd patrol

Patrol number three involved another passage west of the British Isles so that the submarine could safely dock in Kiel, but she did not add to her score.

4th patrol

The boat returned to Lorient on 27 May 1941, having sunk Javanese Prince on the 20th.

5th patrol

U-138 was attacked by the British destroyers HMS Faulknor, Fearless, Forester, Foresight and Foxhound west of Cadiz, Spain, on 18 June 1941. The resulting damage forced the crew to abandon ship and scuttle the U-boat. There were no casualties amongst her crew of 28, who were taken prisoner-of-war and brought to Gibraltar.

Summary of raiding history

Date Ship Name Flag Tonnage (GRT) Fate[2]
20 September 1940 Boka  Panama 5,560 Sunk
20 September 1940 City of Simla  United Kingdom 10,138 Sunk
20 September 1940 New Sevilla  United Kingdom 13,801 Sunk
21 September 1940 Empire Adventure  United Kingdom 5,145 Sunk
15 October 1940 Bonheuer  United Kingdom 5,327 Sunk
15 October 1940 British Glory  United Kingdom 6,993 Damaged
15 May 1941 Javanese Prince  United Kingdom 8,593 Sunk

References

  1. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 39–40.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-138". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 7 December 2014.

Bibliography

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6.
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [German U-boat losses from September 1939 to May 1945]. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.

External links

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-138". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 138". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 30 January 2015.