History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-3509
Ordered: 6 November 1943
Builder: Schichau-Werke, Danzig
Yard number: 1654
Laid down: 29 July 1944
Launched: 27 September 1944
Commissioned: 29 January 1945
Fate: Scuttled on 3 May 1945
General characteristics
Class and type: Type XXI submarine
Displacement:
  • 1,621 t (1,595 long tons) surfaced
  • 2,100 t (2,067 long tons) submerged
Length: 76.70 m (251 ft 8 in) (o/a)
Beam: 8 m (26 ft 3 in)
Draught: 6.32 m (20 ft 9 in)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • Surfaced:
  • 15.6 knots (28.9 km/h; 18.0 mph) (diesel)
  • 17.9 knots (33.2 km/h; 20.6 mph) (electric)
  • Submerged:
  • 17.2 knots (31.9 km/h; 19.8 mph) (electric)
  • 6.1 knots (11.3 km/h; 7.0 mph) (silent running motors)
Range:
  • 15,500 nmi (28,700 km; 17,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 340 nmi (630 km; 390 mi) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) submerged
Complement: 5 officers, 52 enlisted
Sensors and
processing systems:
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders:
  • K.Kapt. Hans Hornkohl[1]
  • August 1944 - November 1944
  • K.Kapt. Karl-Heinz Voswinkel[2]
  • 29 January 1945 – 14 March 1945
  • K.Kapt. Heinz Franke[3]
  • 15 March 1945 – 9 April 1945
  • Oblt.z.S. Wilhelm Neitzsch[4]
  • 15 April 1945 – 3 May 1945
Operations: None
Victories: None

German submarine U-3509 was a Type XXI U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. The Elektroboote submarine was laid down on 29 July 1944 at the Schichau-Werke yard at Danzig, launched on 27 September 1944, and commissioned on 29 January 1945 under the command of Kapitänleutnant Hans Hornkohl.

U-3509 was a brand new, high technology electric boat which could run constantly submerged rather than having to surface to recharge her batteries every day the way submarines until that point had had to do. However, these advanced vessels were introduced to the Kriegsmarine only late in 1944, much too late to influence the Battle of the Atlantic, and too late for many of them to serve in an offensive capacity at all.

With the end of the war near, training on U-boats had dropped to a minimum due to lack of fuel, falling morale and the effectiveness of allied attacks on U-boat construction and preparation. The exception to this were the new Type XXI boats, which continued to train in the Baltic Sea.

Design

Like all Type XXI U-boats, U-3509 had a displacement of 1,621 tonnes (1,595 long tons) when at the surface and 1,819 tonnes (1,790 long tons) while submerged. She had a total length of 76.70 m (251 ft 8 in), a beam length of 8 m (26 ft 3 in), and a draught length of 6.32 m (20 ft 9 in).[5] The submarine was powered by two MAN SE supercharged six-cylinder M6V40/46KBB diesel engines each providing 4,000 metric horsepower (2,900 kilowatts; 3,900 shaft horsepower), two Siemens-Schuckert GU365/30 double-acting electric motors each providing 5,000 PS (3,700 kW; 4,900 shp), and two Siemens-Schuckert silent running GV232/28 electric motors each providing 226 PS (166 kW; 223 shp).[5]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 15.6 knots (28.9 km/h; 18.0 mph) and a submerged speed of 17.2 knots (31.9 km/h; 19.8 mph). When running on silent motors the boat could operate at a speed of 6.1 knots (11.3 km/h; 7.0 mph). When submerged, the boat could operate at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) for 340 nautical miles (630 km; 390 mi); when surfaced, she could travel 15,500 nautical miles (28,700 km; 17,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph).[5] U-3509 was fitted with six 53.3 cm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes in the bow and four 2 cm (0.79 in) C/30 anti-aircraft guns. She could carry twenty-three torpedoes or seventeen torpedoes and twelve mines. The complement was five officers and fifty-two men.[5]

Fate

U-3509 was damaged whilst under construction in September 1944 during an air raid, but she was eventually repaired and completed.

U-3509 was scuttled by her crew on 3 May 1945 in the River Weser estuary, Germany.

References

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Hans Hornkohl". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 5 May 2015.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Karl-Heinz Voswinkel". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 5 May 2015.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Heinz Franke (Knight's Cross)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Wilhelm Neitzsch". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 5 May 2015.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, p. 85.

Bibliography

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6.
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [German U-boat losses from September 1939 to May 1945]. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.
  • Sharpe, Peter (1998). U-Boat Fact File. Great Britain: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-072-9.

External links

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type XXI boat U-3509". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 5 May 2015.