U-505, a typical Type IXC boat
|Ordered:||20 October 1939|
|Builder:||Deutsche Werft, Hamburg|
|Laid down:||1 November 1940|
|Launched:||4 September 1941|
|Commissioned:||25 November 1941|
|Captured:||by American forces, 10 May 1945|
|Fate:||awarded to France, 1946|
|Commissioned:||24 June 1947|
|Stricken:||1 May 1959|
|Fate:||broken up, 1960|
|Class and type:||Type IXC submarine|
|Height:||9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||4.70 m (15 ft 5 in)|
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)|
|Complement:||4 officers, 44 enlisted|
|Service record (Kriegsmarine)|
German submarine U-510 was a Type IXC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II, which later served in the French Navy. The submarine was laid down on 1 November 1940 at the Deutsche Werft yard at Hamburg as yard number 306, launched on 4 September 1941, and commissioned on 25 November 1941 under the command of Korvettenkapitän Karl Neitzel.
After training with the 4th U-boat Flotilla at Stettin, U-510 was transferred to the 10th U-boat Flotilla based at Lorient in occupied France, for front-line service on 1 August 1942. Kapitänleutnant Alfred Eick took command of the U-boat on 22 May 1943, and she was transferred to the 33rd flotilla on 1 October 1944 while operating in Southeast Asian waters. During her seven war patrols the U-boat sank fifteen ships totalling 95,687 gross register tons (GRT) and damaged eight, totalling 53,289 GRT.
German Type IXC submarines were slightly larger than the original Type IXBs. U-510 had a displacement of 1,120 tonnes (1,100 long tons) when at the surface and 1,232 tonnes (1,213 long tons) while submerged. The U-boat had a total length of 76.76 m (251 ft 10 in), a pressure hull length of 58.75 m (192 ft 9 in), a beam of 6.76 m (22 ft 2 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in). The submarine was powered by two MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged four-stroke, nine-cylinder diesel engines producing a total of 4,400 metric horsepower (3,240 kW; 4,340 shp) for use while surfaced, two Siemens-Schuckert 2 GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 1,000 shaft horsepower (1,010 PS; 750 kW) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.92 m (6 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).
The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 18.3 knots (33.9 km/h; 21.1 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.3 knots (13.5 km/h; 8.4 mph). When submerged, the boat could operate for 63 nautical miles (117 km; 72 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 13,450 nautical miles (24,910 km; 15,480 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-510 was fitted with six 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and two at the stern), 22 torpedoes, one 10.5 cm (4.13 in) SK C/32 naval gun with 180 rounds, as well as two anti-aircraft guns, one of 3.7 cm (1.5 in) SK C/30 and one of 2 cm (0.79 in) C/30. The boat had a complement of forty-eight men.
U-510 departed Kiel on 7 July 1942, negotiated the gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands and sailed across the Atlantic to the northern coast of South America. There she attacked three ships and sank the 5,285 ton Uruguayan merchant ship Maldonado on 2 August. She also damaged the 8,016 ton British tanker Alexia on 10 August, and sank the 4,971 ton British merchant ship Cressington Court on 19 August. The U-boat docked at Lorient on 13 September.
U-510 departed Lorient on 14 October 1942 and patrolled the waters west of the Canary Islands. On 31 October she torpedoed and damaged the 5,681 ton Norwegian merchant ship Alaska of Convoy SL 125 while the ship was rescuing men from the troopship Président Doumer, which had been sunk by U-604. After "Operation Torch" began on 8 November, The boat was ordered to patrol the coast of Morocco, but was bombed by an unidentified aircraft, causing a serious oil leak. She returned to Lorient on 12 December.
The U-boat sailed from Lorient once more on 16 January 1943 and headed across the Atlantic to the northern coast of South America. On 9 March at 03:00, U-510 attacked Convoy BT-6 about 200 nautical miles (370 km; 230 mi) north-east of Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana, sinking the 3,872 ton British merchant ship Kelvinbank, and damaging the 7,176 ton American Liberty ships George G. Meade, Tabitha Brown and Joseph Rodman Drake. She attacked the same convoy again three hours later and this time damaged the Liberty ships Mark Hanna, James Smith, Thomas Ruffin and James K. Polk, the latter two so badly that they were later declared total losses. The U-boat returned to Lorient on 16 April.
Now under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Alfred Eick, U-510 sailed from Lorient on 3 June 1943 and once again headed for the northern South American coast. On 8 July she made a series of attacks on Convoy TJ-1, sinking the 10,324 ton Norwegian tanker B.P. Newton and the 6,900 ton American merchant ship Eldena, and damaging the 3,702 ton Latvian merchant ship Everagra. Two days later, on 10 May, she sank the 1,641 ton Swedish merchant ship Scandinavia. The U-boat returned to Lorient on 29 August.
On 22 February 1944, she made two attacks on Convoy PA-69 about 200 miles off Aden, sinking the 9,181 ton American tanker E.G. Seubert and the 7,385 ton British tanker San Alvaro; she also damaged the 9,970 ton Norwegian tanker Erling Brøvig.
The U-boat then shaped a course for Penang in Malaya (now Malaysia), making three more attacks en route. On 7 March she torpedoed and sank the unescorted 7,229 ton Norwegian merchant ship Tarifa about 250 miles east of Socotra in the Indian Ocean. On 19 March she sank the American 7,176 ton Liberty ship John A. Poor in the Arabian Sea, and on 27 March the 249 ton British naval trawler HMS Maaløy (J136) off Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), killing Prince Hassan Farid Didi, the son of HRH Abdul Majeed Didi, Sultan Elect of the Maldives, who was aboard as a passenger. Prince Hassan was Minister of the Interior and de facto head of the Government of the Sultanate of the Maldives. U-510 arrived at Penang on 5 April after a voyage of 155 days, her longest patrol.
Operating as part of the Monsun Gruppe U-510 sailed to Singapore and then to Kobe, Japan, before returning to Batavia (now Jakarta). From there, on 26 November 1944, she sailed on her only combat patrol, returning to Batavia on 3 December having had no successes.
U-510 left Batavia on 11 January 1945 for the voyage back to Europe. U-510 carried with her a load of tungsten, tin, quinine, etc. from the Far East.
After being supplied with oil southeast of Madagascar by KKpt Oesten's U-861, which was short of fuel herself, U-510 ran out of fuel in the North Atlantic, but somehow managed to reach base at Saint-Nazaire, in France, on 23 April after 103 days at sea.
American forces captured U-510 at Saint-Nazaire on 10 May 1945. Awarded to the French in 1946, she was commissioned into the French Navy, and renamed Bouan (S.612) on 24 June 1947. She served until struck on 1 May 1959, renamed hull Q.176 on 23 November 1959, and was broken up in 1960.
U-510 took part in two wolfpacks, namely.
|2 August 1942||Maldonado||Uruguay||5,285||Sunk|
|10 August 1942||Alexia||United Kingdom||8,016||Damaged|
|19 August 1942||Cressington Court||United Kingdom||4,971||Sunk|
|31 October 1942||Alaska||Norway||5,681||Damaged|
|9 March 1943||George C. Meade||United States||7,176||Damaged|
|9 March 1943||James K. Polk||United States||7,177||Total loss|
|9 March 1943||James Smith||United States||7,181||Damaged|
|9 March 1943||James Rodman Drake||United States||7,181||Damaged|
|9 March 1943||Kelvinbank||United Kingdom||3,872||Sunk|
|9 March 1943||Mark Hanna||United States||7,176||Damaged|
|9 March 1943||Tabitha Brown||United States||7,176||Sunk|
|9 March 1943||Thomas Ruffin||United States||7,191||Total loss|
|8 July 1943||B. P. Newton||Norway||10,324||Sunk|
|8 July 1943||Eldena||United States||6,900||Sunk|
|8 July 1943||Everagra||Latvia||3,702||Damaged|
|10 July 1943||Scandinavia||Sweden||1,641||Sunk|
|22 February 1944||E. G. Seubert||United States||9,181||Sunk|
|22 February 1944||Erling Brøving||Norway||9,970||Total loss|
|22 February 1944||San Alvaro||United Kingdom||7,385||Sunk|
|7 March 1944||Tarifa||Norway||7,299||Sunk|
|7 March 1944||John A. Poor||United States||7,176||Sunk|
|27 March 1944||HMS Maaløy||Royal Navy||249||Sunk|
|23 February 1945||Point Pleasant Park||Canada||7,136||Sunk|