|Location(s)||Narayangaon, Pune district, Pune division, Maharashtra, India|
|Organization||National Centre for Radio Astrophysics|
|Wavelength||50, 1,500 MHz (6.00, 0.20 m)|
|Telescope style||parabolic reflector|
|Number of telescopes||30|
|Diameter||45 m (147 ft 8 in)|
|Collecting area||47,713 m2 (513,580 sq ft)|
Location of Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope
|Related media on Wikimedia Commons|
The Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT), located near Pune, Junnar, near Narayangaon at khodad in India, is an array of thirty fully steerable parabolic radio telescopes of 45 metre diameter, observing at metre wavelengths. It is operated by the National Centre for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA), a part of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai. It was conceived and built under the direction of Late Prof. Govind Swarup during 1984 to 1996. It is an interferometric array with baselines of up to 25 kilometres (16 mi). It was recently upgraded with new receivers, after which it is also known as the Upgraded Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (uGMRT).
The GMRT Observatory is located about 80 km north of Pune at Khodad. A nearby town is Narayangaon which is around 9 km from the telescope site. The office of NCRA is located in the Savitribai Phule Pune University campus.
One of the aims for the telescope during its development was to search for the highly redshifted 21-cm line radiation from primordial neutral hydrogen clouds in order to determine the epoch of galaxy formation in the universe.
In August 2018, the most distant galaxy ever known, located at a distance of 12 billion light years, was discovered by GMRT.
Each year on National Science Day the observatory invites the public and pupils from schools and colleges in the surrounding area to visit the site where they can listen to explanations of radio astronomy, receiver technology and astronomy from the engineers and astronomers who work there. Nearby schools/colleges are also invited to put their individual science experiments in exhibition and the best one in each level (primary, secondary school and Jr. college) are awarded.
Visitors are allowed into GMRT only on Fridays in two sessions - Morning (1100 hrs - 1300 hrs) and Evening (1500 hrs to 1700 hrs).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to GMRT.|