Giresun Province

Summary

Giresun Province

Giresun ili
Location of Giresun Province in Turkey
Location of Giresun Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionEast Black Sea
SubregionTrabzon
Government
 • Electoral districtGiresun
 • GovernorEnver Ünlü
Area
 • Total6,934 km2 (2,677 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total453,912
 • Density65/km2 (170/sq mi)
Area code(s)0454
Vehicle registration28
Çımaklı village in the Espiye district, Giresun

Giresun Province (Turkish: Giresun ili) is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. Its adjacent provinces are Trabzon to the east, Gümüşhane to the southeast, Erzincan to the south, Sivas to the southwest, and Ordu to the west. Its license-plate code is 28.

The provincial capital is Giresun.

Geography

Giresun is an agricultural region and its lower areas, near the Black Sea coast. It is Turkey's second largest producer of hazelnuts and it is famously home to the best quality hazelnuts in the world; a Giresun folk song tells "I will not eat a single hazelnut, unless you are by my side,"[2] while another tells of a lover shot dead under a hazelnut tree.[3]

Forests and pasture cover the high mountainous regions, and in places there is mining of copper, zinc, iron and other metals. The mountain villages are remote, with poor roads and little else in the way of infrastructure. The hillsides are too steep for most forms of agriculture, and as a result, cornbread is the traditional meal, as wheat cannot be grown.

The climate is typical of this stretch of the Black Sea coast, i.e. very wet. Local flora includes bilberries (Turkish "taflan").

Demographics

The province is traditionally inhabited mostly by Chepni Turks as well as a minority of Cheveneburi Georgians in select rural villages and towns.

Due to migration, more Giresunians live outside of Giresun than inside it.

Districts

Giresun province is divided into 16 districts (capital district in bold):

Culture

Giresun province is culturally divided into two regions from north to south. North Giresun having virtually the same culture as the neighbouring Ordu and Trabzon, while south Giresun (aka. the Şebinkarahisar region) being much closer to the neighbouring Sivas province and the Central Anatolia region. Because of the northern part dominating much of the province's economic and demographic sides, south of the province is more often than not ignored.

Handcrafts

Due to the dense forestry in Giresun, woodwork is among the common handcrafts in the region. Some small wooden handcrafts peculiar to the city are churns, külek (a storing pot for cheese), and spoons. One of the oldest handcrafts in the city is weaving. Wool, linen threads and similar raw materials are spun in handlooms to produce various local clothes, heybe (shoulder bags) and bags. Strong threads and knitted threads are also produced in handlooms.

Cuisine

Some of the dishes peculiar to the city are corn soup (Mısır çorbası), kale soup (kara lahana çorbası or pancar çorbası), cabbage leaves stuffed with a meat filling (etli lahana sarması or pancar sarması/dolması), black cabbage dish (karalahana yemeği or pancar yemeği), pilaf with anchovy (hamsili pilav), pilaf with cabbage (dible), kaygana, kuymak (made of cheese, cornmeal and butter)[4]

Places of interest

  • Kümbet, Karagöl and Bektaş are areas of an attractive mountain pasture in the district of Dereli, where people can enjoy walks and picnics. Annual folklore festivals are held here in summer.

Notable residents

Aksu stream, Giresun

Politicians

Writers and artists

  • Kadir Çelik (b Görele ), TV producer and presenter
  • Hulki Cevizoğlu (b 1958, Giresun - ), journalist, TV presenter and producer, specialises in political debate
  • Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu (1913, Görele - 1975, Istanbul), painter and poet
  • Hamit Görele (1903, Görele - 1980, Istanbul), painter
  • Ergin Günçe (1938, Giresun - 1983), poet
  • İlyas İlbey, actor, husband of Yasemin Yalçın
  • Şafak Karaman (b 1967, Trabzon - ), minor celebrity and TV presenter, born to a Tirebolu family
  • Fatih Kırtorun (1985, Görele - ), writer and poet
  • Salih Memecan (1952, Giresun - ), cartoonist of Sabah newspaper
  • Fethi Naci (1927, Giresun - ), writer and critic
  • Aziz Nesin (1915, Şebinkarahisar - 1995), writer and journalist
  • Yaman Okay (b 1951, Giresun -), actor and film director
  • Öztürk Serengil, well-known film actor, father of Seren Serengil, grew up in Giresun
  • Ahmet Yalçınkaya (b 1963, Giresun ), poet
  • İlker Yasin, Kanal Ds football commentator
  • Furkan ÇELİK, Develispor is Footballer.

Musicians

Giresun province shares the folk music of the Black Sea region and is the birthplace of:

  • Picoğlu Osman (b. 1901, Görele - d. 1946 Amasra), folk musician, considered[by whom?] to be one of the best kemençe players
  • Katip Şadi (b 1932, Görele -), folk musician, kemençe player

Other musicians include:

  • Ozan Arif (1949, Alucra - ), poet, lyricist, balladeer of the extreme right MHP
  • Bahadır Aydoğan, Arabesk style singer
  • Mustafa Küçük, folk-arabesk musician
  • Gökhan Semiz (1968, Istanbul - 1998 İstanbul), member of the pop music group Group Vitamin; family from Giresun
  • Teoman (1967, Alucra - ), rock singer

Sports people

Giresun in popular culture

  • The TV series Uy Başuma Gelenler was filmed in the village of Düzköy. It is the story of a young man from Istanbul who inherits a hazelnut grove in Giresun (a Turkish twist on Monarch of the Glen).
  • The folk song "Giresun üstünde vapur bağrıyor" ("Eşref Bey Ağıtı") has been recorded by a number of artists including Ismail Hakkı Demircioğlu, and tells of a wounded soldier dying in Giresun.
  • "Giresun'un içinde" has been sung by Musa Eroğlu, Selda Bağcan and Fuat Saka, who also sang "Lazutlar," which means corn in the local dialect and is a kind of Cider with Rosie rural idyll in verse.
  • Ahmet Kaya sang "Mican," a ballad about a local bandit in the mountains.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ bir fındığın içini yar senden ayrı yemem
  3. ^ Giresun'un içinde yeşil fındık tarlası vurdular feride'mi yere düştü bohçası
  4. ^ "Giresun cuisine - Karadeniz mutfağı". Archived from the original on 2015-09-10. Retrieved 2008-05-10.

External links

  • (in English) All about Giresun and its hinterland
  • (in Turkish) [1]
  • (in English) Giresun Kültür
  • (in Turkish) Local news
  • (in French) Local information website
  • (in Turkish) [2]
  • (in Turkish) Giresun

Coordinates: 40°34′47″N 38°35′40″E / 40.57972°N 38.59444°E / 40.57972; 38.59444