Gjerdrum

Summary

Gjerdrum (Norwegian: [ˈjæ̀rdrʉm]) is a municipality in Akershus in Viken county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Romerike.

Gjerdrum kommune
Gjerdrum i Akershus.jpg
Coat of arms of Gjerdrum kommune
Official logo of Gjerdrum kommune
Gjerdrum within Viken
Gjerdrum within Viken
Coordinates: 60°4′57″N 11°0′52″E / 60.08250°N 11.01444°E / 60.08250; 11.01444Coordinates: 60°4′57″N 11°0′52″E / 60.08250°N 11.01444°E / 60.08250; 11.01444
CountryNorway
CountyViken
DistrictRomerike
Administrative centreAsk
Government
 • Mayor (2011[2][3][4][5])Anders Ostensen[1] (Labor Party[6])
Area
 • Total83 km2 (32 sq mi)
 • Land82 km2 (32 sq mi)
 • Rank#396 in Norway
Population
 (2013)
 • Total6,267
 • Rank#192 in Norway
 • Density60/km2 (200/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Increase +31.6%
Demonym(s)Gjermsokning[7]
Official language
 • Norwegian formBokmål
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-3032
WebsiteOfficial website
Data from Statistics Norway

Gjerdrum borders the municipalities of Nannestad, Nittedal, and Ullensaker, and Lillestrøm. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Ask.

Name and coat of armsEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Gjerdrum farm (Norse Gerðarvin). The first element is the genitive of a river name Gerð and the last element is vin 'meadow, pasture'. The river name is derived from the Norse word garðr meaning 'fence' and so the meaning is 'the river whose function is a fence (and/or as a border)'.

The coat of arms is from modern times. They were granted in 1993. The arms show a traditional Norwegian form of roundpole fence. The arms are also canting because the name of the municipality refers to a fence.[9]

HistoryEdit

Gjerdrum was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt).

Store norske leksikon says that artefacts indicate that humans have lived in Gjerdrum since ancient times; furthermore the names of places also indicate the same.[10]

2020 landslideEdit

On 30 December 2020 a quick clay landslide occurred in the village of Ask[11] within Gjerdum municipality. 10 people died.[12] The slide measured 700 by 300 metres (2,300 by 980 ft), injured 10 people (including one seriously), left 10 unaccounted for and led to 1,000 being evacuated from the village, with several homes having been destroyed in the slide.[13]

GeographyEdit

Gjerdrum lies on the southwestern part of the Romerike Plain (Romerikssletta); this eastern part of the municipality lies at a low altitude and is covered by significant[14] layers of clay that was deposited, towards the end of the previous ice age.

The quick-clay at Gjerdrum was deposited (in a fjord)[15] around 8,000 or 9,000 years ago, when the sea level was around 200 meters higher.

DemographicsEdit

In 2021, 1258 inhabitants were immigrants or Norwegian-born to immigrant parents. 264 inhabitants had Polish parents and/or were Polish (themselves); 173 had Lithuanian parents and/or were Lithuanian.[16]

Ancestry Number[16]
  Poland 264
  Lithuania 173
  Sweden 70
  Pakistan 67
  Philippines 56
  Iraq 43
  Denmark 35
  Thailand 35
  Latvia 34
  Syria 30
  Trinidad and Tobago 3

SportsEdit

The local sports team is Gjerdrum IL.

People from GjerdrumEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Libell, Henrik Pryser; Kwai, Isabella (4 January 2021). "Rescuers Search for Survivors in Norway Landslide That Killed at Least 7". The New York Times.
  2. ^ Ordfører i Gjerdrum kommune, Gjerdrum.kommune.no
  3. ^ Anders Østensen blir Gjerdrum-ordfører, Romerikes Blad (October 5, 2011)
  4. ^ Første gjenvalg på 32 år, Romerikes Blad (October 15, 2015)
  5. ^ Resultater etter kommunevalget i Gjerdrum, Romerikes Blad (September 9, 2019)
  6. ^ Anders Østensen | Profil, Arbeiderpartiet.no
  7. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  8. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  9. ^ "Om kommunevåpenet i Gjerdrum" (in Norwegian). Gjerdrum kommune. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
  10. ^ https://snl.no/Gjerdrum "Gjerdrum var tidlig bosatt, noe både oldtidsfunn og stedsnavnene vitner om"
  11. ^ Helsevesenet om Gjerdrum-skredet: – Vi har fortsatt tro på å finne overlevende tr. "The health service about the Gjerdrum landslide: - We still believe in finding survivors" 1 January 2021 www.smp.no, accessed 2 January 2021
  12. ^ Én person funnet død i skredområdet tr. "One person was found dead in the landslide area" 1 January 2021 www.vg.no, accessed 2 January 2021
  13. ^ "Norway landslide: Houses buried in Gjerdrum village near Oslo". BBC News. 30 December 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  14. ^ https://snl.no/Gjerdrum "Gjerdrum omfatter den sørvestre del av Romerikssletta. Denne østlige delen av kommunen er lavtliggende og dekket av mektige lag leire som ble avsatt i havet mot slutten av siste istid"
  15. ^ https://www.dn.no/innlegg/gjerdrum/geologi/offentlig-forvaltning/innlegg-hvem-skal-gi-tillatelse-til-bygging-pa-farlig-grunn/2-1-938506 "Knut Bjørlykke, professor i geologi ved Universitetet i Oslo" [...]
  16. ^ a b "09817: Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population (M) 2010 - 2021". PX-Web SSB. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  17. ^ "Christian Krohg - 1". 25 February 2020.
  18. ^ "Olaf Martin Devik". 26 February 2020.
  19. ^ "Olaf Devik". 25 February 2020.

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Gjerdrum at Wikimedia Commons
  •   The dictionary definition of Gjerdrum at Wiktionary
  • Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
  •   Akershus travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • GIL football (in Norwegian)