Epoch J2000 Equinox J2000
|Right ascension||10h 28m 55.55130s|
|Declination||+00° 50′ 27.6018″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||9.65|
|U−B color index||1.192|
|B−V color index||1.507±0.014|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||+8.34±0.10 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)|| RA: −603.003 mas/yr |
Dec.: −732.075 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||142.0951 ± 0.0212 mas|
|Distance||22.953 ± 0.003 ly |
(7.038 ± 0.001 pc)
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||10.40|
|Surface gravity (log g)||4.88±0.07 cgs|
|Metallicity [Fe/H]||−0.09±0.16 dex|
|Rotational velocity (v sin i)||1.5 km/s|
Gliese 393, or GJ 393, is a single star in the equatorial constellation of Sextans, positioned about 1.5° to the NNW of Beta Sextantis. At an apparent visual magnitude of 9.65, it is much too faint to be seen with the unaided eye. This star is located at a distance of 22.9 light years from the Sun based on parallax, and is drifting further away with a radial velocity of +8.3 km/s. It has a large proper motion, traversing the celestial sphere at the rate of 0.950″ per year. The net velocity of this star relative to the Sun is 32.9 km/s. It shares a similar space motion as members of the AB Doradus moving group, but is considered a random interloper.
The stellar classification of GJ 393 is M2V, indicating this is a small red dwarf star that is generating energy through core hydrogen fusion. It is rotating slowly and appears to be chromospherically inactive, suggesting it is an older star; perhaps as much as 10 billion years old. The star has 43% of the mass of the Sun and 44.6% of the Sun's radius. The metallicity, what astronomers term the abundance of heavy elements, is lower than in the Sun. It is radiating just 2.7% of the Sun's luminosity from its photosphere at an effective temperature of 3,579 K.
In 2019 one candidate planet was detected by the radial velocity method. It is classified as a hot super-Earth, with an orbital period of one week and a semimajor axis of 8.2 Gm. Longer period signals found in the data were interpreted as stellar activity.
In 2021, the planet was confirmed as real after being detected independently in three different datasets.
(in order from star)