Global Atmospheric Research Program


The Global Atmospheric Research Program was a fifteen-year international research programme led by the World Meteorological Organization and the International Council of Scientific Unions. It began in 1967 and organised several important field experiments including GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment in 1974 and the Alpine Experiment (ALPEX) in 1982. Its field experiments helped make significant progress in meteorology in particular allowing major improvements in Numerical Weather Prediction.

GATE Timeline

1966-1969: Global horizontal sounding technique (GHOST) program demonstrates feasibility of long-lived balloons as a precursor to the Global Atmospheric Research Program
1972: "Experiment Design Proposal," Kuetner, Rider, Sitnikov approved by the Joint Organizing Committee for GARP (JOC) and the Tropical Experiment Board (TEB)
15 June 1974: Experiment Began
17 June - 25 June: In port, stand-down, en route, intercomparisons
26 June - 16 July: Observation Phase I
17 July - 27 July: In port, stand-down, en route, intercomparisons
28 July - 17 August: Observation Phase II
18 August - 29 August: in port, stand down, en route, intercomparisons
30 August - 19 September: Observation Phase III
20 September - 23 September: En route, intercomparisons [1]


  1. ^ American Meteorological Society
  • Barron, Eric J. (1992) A Decade of International Climate Research: The First Ten Years of World Climate Research Program US National Academies Press pages 1-2
  • Weart, Spencer R. (2003) The Discovery of Global Warming Harvard University Press ISBN 9780674011571 pages 99-100
  • Philander, S. George (2012) Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change SAGE Publications ISBN 9781412992626 page 634

External links

  • NCAR Archives GARP Records
  • American Meteorological Society
  • The Beginnings of WMO (1950s-1960s)
  • ICSU and Climate Science
  • A Review of the GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) PDF