|Systematic IUPAC name
Auric acid
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||247.9886 g mol−1|
|Appearance||Vivid, dark yellow crystals|
|Trigonal dihedral at Au|
|Safety data sheet||Oxford|
|S-phrases (outdated)||S26, S37/39|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|(what is ?)|
Gold(III) hydroxide, gold trihydroxide, or gold hydroxide is an inorganic compound, a hydroxide of gold, with formula Au(OH)3. It is also called auric acid with formula H3AuO3. It is easily dehydrated above 140 °C to gold(III) oxide. Salts of auric acid are termed aurates.
Gold hydroxide is a product of electrochemical corrosion of gold metalization subjected to moisture and positive electric potential; it is one of the corrosion failure modes of microelectronics. Voluminous gold hydroxide is produced from gold metalization; after the layer grows thick it may spall, and the conductive particles may cause short circuits or leakage paths. The decreased thickness of the gold layer may also lead to an increase in its electrical resistance, which can also lead to electrical failure.
Gold(III) hydroxide reacts with ammonia to produce gold fulminate, an explosive compound.