Google and Wikipedia

Summary

Presentation of different projects between Google and Wikimedia during WikiArabia 2019 conference in Marrakesh (in Arabic).

The relationship between Google and Wikipedia was originally collaborative in Wikipedia's early days, when Google helped reduce the pagerank of widespread uneditable Wikipedia clones that were simply ad farms. In 2007, Google introduced Knol, a direct competitor for community-driven encyclopedia creation. Later it supported Wikimedia with grants and came to rely on Wikipedia to address the spread of misinformation on YouTube, providing verifiable and well-sourced information to those seeking it. Google and Wikimedia enterprise started a partnership in 2021.[1]

History

In 2007, Google introduced Knol, which was an encyclopedia with user-generated content. Various media sources noted that this product was like Wikipedia and called it a competitor to Wikipedia.[2][3]

In 2008, various news sources reported that most of Wikipedia's traffic came from referrals from Google search.[4]

In February 2010. Google gave US$2,000,000 as its first grant to the Wikimedia Foundation.[5][6] Google founder Sergey Brin commented that "Wikipedia is one of the greatest triumphs of the internet".[5]

In March 2018, YouTube announced that they would be using information from Wikipedia to address the circulation of misinformation in the videos in their platform.[7]

In January 2019, Google donated $3 million to the Wikimedia Foundation.[8][9][10][11]

Google's reliance on Wikipedia

In May 2012, Google added a project called the Google Knowledge Graph, which produced knowledge panels alongside traditional search engine results. Later, results from querying the knowledge graph complemented string-based search in producing the ranked list of search results as well. A large amount of the information presented in the knowledge panel infoboxes is retrieved from Wikipedia, Wikidata, and the CIA World Factbook.

References

  1. ^ "Wikipedia Is Finally Asking Big Tech to Pay Up". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2021-06-20.
  2. ^ Helft, Miguel (15 December 2007). "Wikipedia Competitor Being Tested by Google". The New York Times.
  3. ^ Sullivan, Danny (23 July 2008). "Google's Knol Launches: Like Wikipedia, With Moderation - Search Engine Land". Search Engine Land.
  4. ^ Teglet, Traian (15 May 2008). "Wikipedia Traffic, Mostly from Google". softpedia.
  5. ^ a b Johnson, Bobbie (18 February 2010). "Wikipedia wins the Google lottery - but why?". the Guardian.
  6. ^ Walsh, Jay. "Wikimedia Foundation announces $2 million grant from Google". wikimediafoundation.org. Wikimedia Foundation. Archived from the original on 20 February 2010.
  7. ^ Etherington, Darrell (14 March 2018). "Wikipedia wasn't aware of YouTube's conspiracy video plan". TechCrunch.
  8. ^ Dickey, Megan Rose (22 January 2019). "Google.org donates $2 million to Wikipedia's parent org". TechCrunch.
  9. ^ Litman-Navarro, Kevin (23 January 2019). "Google will conquer the world one charitable donation at a time". The Outline.
  10. ^ Gomes, Ben; Fuller, Jacquelline (22 January 2019). "Expanding knowledge access with the Wikimedia Foundation". Google.
  11. ^ Gruwell, Lisa (22 January 2019). "Google and Wikimedia Foundation partner to increase knowledge equity online". Wikimedia Foundation.

Links

  • meta:Overview of Wikimedia Foundation and Google Partnership, a Wikimedia Foundation statement