Gorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant


The Gorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant or the Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana (GHAVP) is a proposed nuclear power plant to be built on a 560 hectares (1,400 acres) area west of Gorakhpur village of Fatehabad district of Haryana.[1][2]

Gorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant
Location of Gorakhpur Nuclear Power Plant in Haryana
Official nameGorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana
LocationGorakhpur village, Fatehabad district, Haryana
Coordinates29°26′29″N 75°37′56″E / 29.44139°N 75.63222°E / 29.44139; 75.63222Coordinates: 29°26′29″N 75°37′56″E / 29.44139°N 75.63222°E / 29.44139; 75.63222
StatusUnder Construction
Construction beganUnit 1 & 2: January 2018
Commission dateUnit 1 & 2: 2024(Planned)
Construction cost20,594 crore (equivalent to 280 billion or US$3.67 billion in 2020)
Nuclear power station
Reactor typeIPHWR-700
Reactor supplierNPCIL/BARC
Cooling sourceBhakra Main Line Canal (via Nangal hydel Channel from Bhakra Nangal Dam)
Power generation
Units planned2 x 700 MW
Units under const.2 x 700 MW
The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh addressing at the foundation stone laying ceremony of the Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana (Nuclear Power Project), in Fatehabad, Haryana on January 13, 2014. The Governor of Haryana, Shri Jagannath Pahadia, the Chief Minister of Haryana, Shri Bhupinder Singh Hooda and the Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment, Kumari Selja are also seen.

The foundation stone of the 2800 Megawatt nuclear power plant was laid on 13 January 2014. The first phase of the project will have an installed capacity of 1400 MW and is expected to be completed by 2025 [3] The second phase will start after that which will double the capacity to 2800 MW.


One year after laying the foundation stone, there was no reactor construction activity. NPCIL carried out only certain pre-project activities on the land. There were problems with the Environment Court at Kurukshetra and over the possession of 28 acres, as owners of the land refused to accept compensation and to vacate the land. Officials said that the government was suffering a financial loss of Rs 7 to 8 crore per day for the delay of the project.[4]

On May 27, 2015, a police force evicted farmers living on a piece of land acquired by the NPCIL. Houses were razed, crops destroyed, and the farmers belongings and cattle carted away. In 2012, NPCIL acquired over 1,503 acres (608 ha) of land in Gorakhpur, Kajal Heri and Badopal for the setting up of nuclear power plant. The corporation had taken possession of the major part of land, but farmers owning 28 acres had refused the compensation and were not vacating the land.[5]

In March 2016, still only preparatory activities were made.[6]

NPCIL has started the procurement activities for this project. Recently BHEL was given order for supply of steam generators to this project.[7]

Many reports have come out about foreign funded NGOs protesting against the power plant construction. Similar attempts were seen from vested interests to sabotage the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KKNP) in the past.[8]

Design and specificationEdit

The proposed 700 MW IPHWR-700 pressurized heavy water reactors are indigenous and similar to the ones currently under construction in Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (KAPP-3 &4) and Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPP-7 & 8). Also, the reactor size and the design features of 700 MW are similar to that of 540 MWe of Tarapur Atomic Power Station 3 & 4 Units, except that partial boiling of the coolant is up to about 3% (nominal) at the coolant channel exit has been allowed.[1]

Cost and economicsEdit

Being built by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India, the project is estimated to cost 20,594 crore (equivalent to 280 billion or US$3.67 billion in 2020) as of January 2014.[1]


Unit Type Gross MW Construction start Operation start Notes
Phase I
GHAVP-1 IPHWR-700 700 January 2018 2024 (planned) [9]
GHAVP-2 IPHWR-700 700 January 2018 2024 (planned) [9]
Phase II
GHAVP-3 IPHWR-700 700 2024 (planned) [9]
GHAVP-4 IPHWR-700 700 2024 (planned) [9]


  • (Mar 2021) First end-shield for pressurized heavy water reactor delivered.
  • (July 2021) Godrej & Boyce gets ₹468 Cr order to supply generators for PHWR project[10]
  • (July 2021) BHEL awarded steam generator contract for domestic PHWRs[11]
  • (Aug 2021) L&T delivers second end-shield for pressurized heavy water reactor [12]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan sigh Lays Foundation Stone of 2800 MW Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana (Nuclear Power Project)". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 13 January 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
  2. ^ Gorakhpur nuclear power plant makes headway. Down To Earth. 20 September 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  3. ^ "Gorakhpur Atomic Power Plant".
  4. ^ Year on, construction yet to begin on Gorakhpur N-plant. The Tribune Trust. 12 January 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  5. ^ Police evict farmers from land for nuclear plant. The Tribune Trust. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  6. ^ A 1400 Mwe Nuclear Power Project Coming at Gorakhpur in Haryana. EnergyInfraPost. 10 March 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  7. ^ Market, Capital (12 March 2018). "Bhel secures order worth Rs 736 crore from NPCIL". Business Standard India.
  8. ^ "Foreign-funded NGOs try to stall Haryana nuclear plant".
  9. ^ a b c d "Indian regulator gives go-ahead for first concrete at Gorkakhpur". World Nuclear News. 27 November 2020.
  10. ^ "Godrej & Boyce gets Rs 468 cr order to supply generators for PHWR project". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 16 July 2021. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
  11. ^ "India's BHEL awarded steam generator contract for domestic PHWRs : Corporate - World Nuclear News". world-nuclear-news.org. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
  12. ^ "L&T arm flags off second end-shield for pressurized heavy water reactors to be set up at GHAVP in Haryana". Outlook (Magazine). Retrieved 16 August 2021.