I. Infrared Studies of Nitrous Acid, The Chloramines and Nitrogen Dioxide II. Observations Concerning the Photochemical Decomposition of Nitric Oxide(1954)
“Rather than becoming something that chronicled the progress of the industry, it became something that drove it.”, ASML's 'Our Stories', Gordon Moore about Moore's Law, ASML Holding
“This powerful technology has allowed us to make more and more complex and high-performing circuits... They're the basis of everything electronic we have, unprecedented in human history.”, Scientists You Must Know: Intel founder Gordon Moore, Science History Institute
In 1965, Moore was working as the director of research and development (R&D) at Fairchild Semiconductor. He was asked by Electronics Magazine to predict what was going to happen in the semiconductor components industry over the next ten years. In an article published on April 19, 1965, Moore observed that the number of components (transistors, resistors, diodes, or capacitors) in a dense integrated circuit had doubled approximately every year and speculated that it would continue to do so for at least the next ten years. In 1975, he revised the forecast rate to approximately every two years.Carver Mead popularized the phrase "Moore's law." The prediction has become a target for miniaturization in the semiconductor industry and has had widespread impact in many areas of technological change.
In 2000, Moore and his wife established the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, with a gift worth about $5 billion. Through the Foundation, they initially targeted environmental conservation, science, and the San Francisco Bay Area.
Moore has been a member of Caltech's board of trustees since 1983, chairing it from 1993 to 2000, and is now a life trustee. In 2001, Moore and his wife donated $600 million to Caltech, at the time the largest gift ever to an institution of higher education. He said that he wants the gift to be used to keep Caltech at the forefront of research and technology.
The Moores, as individuals and through their foundation, have also, in a series of gifts and grants beginning in the 1990s, given some $150 million to the University of California, Berkeley, to fund initiatives ranging from materials science and physics to genomics and data science.
Moore has received many honors. He was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 1976 for contributions to semiconductor devices from transistors to microprocessors.
In 1990, Moore was presented with the National Medal of Technology and Innovation by President George H.W. Bush, "for his seminal leadership in bringing American industry the two major postwar innovations in microelectronics – large-scale integrated memory and the microprocessor – that have fueled the information revolution."
In 1998, he was inducted as a Fellow of the Computer History Museum "for his fundamental early work in the design and production of semiconductor devices as co-founder of Fairchild and Intel."
Moore was awarded the 2008 IEEE Medal of Honor for "pioneering technical roles in integrated-circuit processing, and leadership in the development of MOS memory, the microprocessor computer, and the semiconductor industry." Moore was featured in the documentary film Something Ventured which premiered in 2011.
Moore met his wife, Betty Irene Whitaker, while attending San Jose State College. They married in 1950.
Moore is an avid sport fisherman and actively pursues any type of fishing. He has extensively traveled the world, catching species from black marlin to rainbow trout. He has said his conservation efforts are partly inspired by his interest in fishing and his time spent outdoors.
^Gordon Moore author profile page at the ACM Digital Library
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^ abcBrock, David C.; Lécuyer, Christophe (January 20, 2006). Gordon E. Moore and Jay T. Last, Transcript of an Interview Conducted by David C. Brock and Christophe Lécuyer at Woodside, California on 20 January 2006(PDF). Philadelphia, PA: Chemical Heritage Foundation.
^ abDodson, Vannessa. "Gordon and Betty Moore: Seeding the Path Ahead". Campaign Update (Fall 2003). Archived from the original on August 16, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
^Moore, Gordon Earle (1954). I. Infrared Studies of Nitrous Acid, The Chloramines and Nitrogen Dioxide II. Observations Concerning the Photochemical Decomposition of Nitric Oxide (PhD thesis). California Institute of Technology. ProQuest 302028299.
^"California Institute of Technology Sixtieth Annual Commencement Exercises (Program)" (PDF). Caltech Camps Publications. June 11, 1954. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
^Moore, Gordon E. (Summer 1994). "The Accidental Entrepreneur" (PDF). Engineering & Science. pp. 23–30. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
^ abBrock, David C., ed. (2006). Understanding Moore's law : four decades of innovation. Philadelphia, Pa: Chemical Heritage Press. ISBN 978-0941901413.
^Gordon E. Moore (1995). "Lithography and the future of Moore's law" (PDF). SPIE. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
^Tuomi, I. (2002). "The Lives and Death of Moore's Law". First Monday. 7 (11). doi:10.5210/fm.v7i11.1000.
^ abYeh, Raymond T.; Yeh, Stephanie H. (2004). "Intel: Leaping into the future with Moore's law". The art of business : in the footsteps of giants. Olathe, CO: Zero Time Pub. pp. 77–89. ISBN 978-0975427712. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
^"2004 History Maker - Gordon Moore". History Makers. San Mateo County History Museum. Archived from the original on January 14, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
^ abcd"2009 Carnegie Medal of Philanthropy Awarded to Michael R. Bloomberg, The Koç Family, Gordon & Betty Moore and Sanford & Joan Weill". Carnegie Corporation of New York. October 7, 2009. Archived from the original on February 12, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
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^"Trustee List". Caltech. Archived from the original on March 28, 2016. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
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^CHM. "Gordon Moore — CHM Fellow Award Winner". Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2015."Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 8, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
^Voith, Melody; Reisch, Marc (May 14, 2001). "Gordon Moore Awarded the Othmer Gold Medal". Chemical & Engineering News. 79 (20): 62. doi:10.1021/cen-v079n020.p062.
^"UCSF Medal". Office of the Chancellor. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
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^"Charlie Rose, November 14, 2005". charlierose.com. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010. Retrieved June 2, 2017.
^Rothberg, J. M.; Hinz, W.; Rearick, T. M.; Schultz, J.; Mileski, W.; Davey, M.; Leamon, J. H.; Johnson, K.; Milgrew, M. J.; Edwards, M.; Hoon, J.; Simons, J. F.; Marran, D.; Myers, J. W.; Davidson, J. F.; Branting, A.; Nobile, J. R.; Puc, B. P.; Light, D.; Clark, T. A.; Huber, M.; Branciforte, J. T.; Stoner, I. B.; Cawley, S. E.; Lyons, M.; Fu, Y.; Homer, N.; Sedova, M.; Miao, X.; Reed, B. (2011). "An integrated semiconductor device enabling non-optical genome sequencing". Nature. 475 (7356): 348–352. doi:10.1038/nature10242. PMID21776081.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gordon Moore.
Brock, David C.; Lécuyer, Christophe (January 20, 2006). Gordon E. Moore and Jay T. Last, Transcript of an Interview Conducted by David C. Brock and Christophe Lécuyer at Woodside, California on 20 January 2006(PDF). Philadelphia, PA: Chemical Heritage Foundation.
Moore, Gordon E. (Summer 1994). "The Accidental Entrepreneur" (PDF). Engineering & Science. pp. 23–30. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
Kaplan, David A. (September 24, 2012). "Gordon Moore's journey". Fortune. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
"1996 Horatio Alger Award Winner Gordon E. Moore". Horatio Alger Association. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
"Gordon E. Moore Retired Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board, Chairman Emeritus". Intel. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
Kanellos, Michael (March 9, 2005). "Moore says nanoelectronics face tough challenges". CNET News. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
"It Was the '60s, Man". Wired. April 17, 2005. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
Huang, Maria (January 12, 1996). "Moore Laboratory opened with great expectations" (PDF). The California TECH. XCVII (12): 1, 3. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
"The Fairchild Chronicles: DVD tells tale of Silicon Valley's seminal startup". Stanford News Service. March 8, 2005. Retrieved January 8, 2015.