|Government of the Russian Federation|
|Прави́тельство Росси́йской Федера́ции|
|Established||12 June 1990 (as the Government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic)|
12 December 1993 (current form)
|Main organ||Council of Ministers|
|Responsible to||State Duma|
The government of Russia exercises executive power in the Russian Federation. The members of the government are the Prime Minister, the deputy prime ministers, and the federal ministers. It has its legal basis in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the federal constitutional law "On the Government of the Russian Federation". The Apparatus of the Government of Russia is a governmental body which administrates the activities of the government
According to the 1991 amendment to the 1978 Russian Constitution, the President of Russia was the head of the executive branch and headed the Council of Ministers of Russia. According to the current 1993 Constitution of Russia, the President is not a part of the Government of Russia, which exercises executive power. But, the President does appoint the Prime Minister. The Chapter 6 of the Constitution of Russia says, that "The Government of the Russian Federation consists of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation (Prime Minister), Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation and federal ministries".
The large body was preceded by Government of the Soviet Union. Since the Russian Federation emerged from 1991 to 1992, the government's structure has undergone several major changes. In the initial years, a large number of government bodies, primarily the different ministries, underwent massive reorganization as the old Soviet governing networks were adapted to the new state. Many reshuffles and renamings occurred.
On 28 November 1991, President of the RSFSR Boris Yeltsin signed presidential decree No.242 "On the reorganization of the government bodies of the RSFSR". Yeltsin officially declared the end of the Soviet Union and became the President of the Russian Federation. Yeltsin was a reformer and promised Western-styled democracy.
In 1993, the new Russian Constitution was adopted. The new Constitution gained legitimacy through its bicameral legislature, an independent judiciary, the position of the president and the prime minister, and democratic features. These democratic features included competitive multi-party elections, separation of powers, federalism, and protection of civil liberties.
In 1999, Yeltsin appointed Vladimir Putin as the Prime Minister. Later in that year, Yeltsin resigned from the presidency and Putin took over. In 2000 Putin won the presidential election.
The Government is the subject of the 6th chapter of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. According to the constitution, the government of the Russian Federation must:
The government issues its acts in the way of decisions (Постановления) and orders (Распоряжения). These must not contradict the constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws, and Presidential decrees, and are signed by the Prime Minister.
The Government, also assists the Prime Minister, in faithfully carrying out the country's domestic and foreign policy as determined by the President, in general.
|Portfolio||Minister||Took office||Left office||Party|
|Prime Minister||Mikhail Mishustin||16 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|First Deputy Prime Minister||Andrey Belousov||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Deputy Prime Minister||Viktoria Abramchenko||21 January 2020||Incumbent||United Russia|
|Deputy Prime Minister – Chief of Staff of the Government||Dmitry Grigorenko||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Deputy Prime Minister||Marat Khusnullin||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Deputy Prime Minister||Alexey Overchuk||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Deputy Prime Minister||Alexander Novak||10 November 2020||Incumbent||United Russia|
|Deputy Prime Minister||Yury Borisov||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Deputy Prime Minister – Presidential Envoy to the Far Eastern Federal District||Yury Trutnev||21 January 2020||Incumbent||United Russia|
|Deputy Prime Minister||Tatyana Golikova||21 January 2020||Incumbent||United Russia|
|Deputy Prime Minister||Dmitry Chernyshenko||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Minister of Agriculture||Dmitry Patrushev||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Minister of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media||Maxut Shadayev||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Minister of Construction, Housing and Utilities||Vladimir Yakushev||21 January 2020||9 November 2020||United Russia|
|Irek Faizullin||10 November 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Minister of Culture||Olga Lyubimova||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Minister of Defence||Sergey Shoygu||21 January 2020||Incumbent||United Russia|
|Minister for the Development of the Russian Far East and Arctic||Alexander Kozlov||21 January 2020||10 November 2020||United Russia|
|Aleksey Chekunkov||10 November 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Minister of Economic Development||Maxim Reshetnikov||21 January 2020||Incumbent||United Russia|
|Minister of Education||Sergey Kravtsov||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Minister of Emergency Situations||Yevgeny Zinichev||21 January 2020||8 September 2021||Independent|
|Aleksandr Chupriyan (acting)||8 September 2021||Incumbent||Independent|
|Minister of Energy||Alexander Novak||21 January 2020||10 November 2020||United Russia|
|Nikolay Shulginov||10 November 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Minister of Finance||Anton Siluanov||21 January 2020||Incumbent||United Russia|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Sergey Lavrov||21 January 2020||Incumbent||United Russia|
|Minister of Health||Mikhail Murashko||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Minister of Industry and Trade||Denis Manturov||21 January 2020||Incumbent||United Russia|
|Minister of Internal Affairs||Vladimir Kolokoltsev||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Minister of Justice||Konstantin Chuychenko||21 January 2020||Incumbent||United Russia|
|Minister of Labour and Social Protection||Anton Kotyakov||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology||Dmitry Kobylkin||21 January 2020||9 November 2020||United Russia|
|Alexander Kozlov||10 November 2020||Incumbent||United Russia|
|Minister of Science and Higher Education||Valery Falkov||21 January 2020||Incumbent||United Russia|
|Minister of Sport||Oleg Matytsin||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Independent|
|Minister of Transport||Yevgeny Dietrich||21 January 2020||9 November 2020||United Russia|
|Vitaly Saveliev||10 November 2020||Incumbent||United Russia|