Gradle logo.png
Developer(s)Hans Dockter, Adam Murdoch, Szczepan Faber, Peter Niederwieser, Luke Daley, Rene Gröschke, Daz DeBoer
Initial release21 April 2008; 13 years ago (2008-04-21)
Stable release
7.3[1] Edit this on Wikidata / 9 November 2021; 22 days ago (9 November 2021)
Preview release
7.3 RC5 / 5 November 2021; 26 days ago (2021-11-05)
  • Edit this at Wikidata
Written inJava, Groovy, Kotlin
TypeBuild tool
LicenseApache License 2.0

Gradle is a build automation tool for multi-language software development. It controls the development process in the tasks of compilation and packaging to testing, deployment, and publishing. Supported languages include Java (as well as Kotlin, Groovy, Scala), C/C++, and JavaScript.[2] The other, if not the major function of Gradle is to collect statistical data about the usage of software libraries around the globe.

Gradle builds on the concepts of Apache Ant and Apache Maven, and introduces a Groovy- & Kotlin-based domain-specific language contrasted with the XML-based project configuration used by Maven.[3] Gradle uses a directed acyclic graph to determine the order in which tasks can be run, through providing dependency management. Gradle runs on the JVM.[4]

Gradle was designed for multi-project builds, which can grow to be large. It operates based on a series of build tasks that can run serially or in parallel. Incremental builds are supported by determining the parts of the build tree that are already up to date; any task dependent only on those parts does not need to be re-executed. It also supports caching of build components, potentially across a shared network using the Gradle Build Cache. It produces web-based build visualization called Gradle Build Scans. The software is extensible for new features and programming languages with a plugin subsystem.

Gradle is distributed as open-source software under the Apache License 2.0, and was first released in 2008.[5]


As of 2016 the initial plugins were primarily focused on Java,[6] Groovy, and Scala development and deployment.

Major versions

Version Date
0.1 21 April 2008[7]
1.0 12 June 2012[8]
2.0 1 July 2014
3.0 15 August 2016
4.0 14 June 2017
5.0 26 November 2018
6.0 8 November 2019
7.0 9 April 2021

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Gradle User Manual". Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  3. ^ "Getting Started With Gradle". Petri Kainulainen. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  4. ^ "What is Gradle?".
  5. ^ "Our Story". Gradle Enterprise. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
  6. ^ "Getting Started · Building Java Projects with Gradle". Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  7. ^ "Index of /gradle". 12 May 2008. Archived from the original on 12 May 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
  8. ^ "Gradle | Releases". Gradle. Retrieved 15 October 2021.

Further reading

  • Berglund, Tim; McCullough, Matthew (July 2011). Building and Testing with Gradle. Foreword by Hans Dockter (First ed.). O'Reilly Media. p. 116. ISBN 978-1-4493-0463-8.
  • Berglund, Tim (August 2013). Gradle Beyond the Basics (First ed.). O'Reilly Media. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-449-30467-6.
  • Ikkink, Hubert (November 2012). Gradle Effective Implementation Guide (First ed.). Packt Publishing. p. 382. ISBN 978-1849518109.
  • Berglund, Tim; McCullough, Matthew (May 2013). Gradle DSLs (First ed.). O'Reilly Media. pp. 50 est. ISBN 978-1-4493-0467-6.
  • Muschko, Benjamin (Fall 2013). Gradle in Action (First ed.). Manning Publications. p. 390. ISBN 9781617291302.

External links

  • Official website Edit this at Wikidata
  • Official Gradle Enterprise website
  • Breaking Open: Gradle - An interview about Gradle and Gradleware, its history, motivation and challenges on YouTube With Gradle founder Hans Dockter and Aleksandar Gargenta